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From Saint Domingue to Frederick, Maryland: Tracing Architectural Detail

Author(s): Megan M. Bailey

Year: 2017

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Summary

Recent excavations at Monocacy National Battlefield in Frederick, Maryland, revealed slave quarters associated with L’Hermitage, an 18th-19th c. plantation. L’Hermitage was owned by the Vincendière family, who settled in Maryland after having abandoned their plantations in Saint Domingue (present-day Haiti) to escape increasingly urgent slave rebellions. A careful study of these dwellings provides an opportunity to illuminate two important aspects of the built environment. First, I will explore the extent to which the construction and layout of the quarters reflects the influence of the Vincendières' former home, Haiti, and their adaptation to the local climate, environment, and styles of northern Maryland. Second, I will address how the spatial arrangement of the dwellings was deliberately manipulated to enforce social order and make it clear to enslaved workers that there was no room for the kinds of rebellion that drove the Vincendières from Saint Domingue.


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From Saint Domingue to Frederick, Maryland: Tracing Architectural Detail. Megan M. Bailey. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435162)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 184

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America