From Saint Domingue to Frederick, Maryland: Tracing Architectural Detail

Author(s): Megan M. Bailey

Year: 2017


Recent excavations at Monocacy National Battlefield in Frederick, Maryland, revealed slave quarters associated with L’Hermitage, an 18th-19th c. plantation. L’Hermitage was owned by the Vincendière family, who settled in Maryland after having abandoned their plantations in Saint Domingue (present-day Haiti) to escape increasingly urgent slave rebellions. A careful study of these dwellings provides an opportunity to illuminate two important aspects of the built environment. First, I will explore the extent to which the construction and layout of the quarters reflects the influence of the Vincendières' former home, Haiti, and their adaptation to the local climate, environment, and styles of northern Maryland. Second, I will address how the spatial arrangement of the dwellings was deliberately manipulated to enforce social order and make it clear to enslaved workers that there was no room for the kinds of rebellion that drove the Vincendières from Saint Domingue.

Cite this Record

From Saint Domingue to Frederick, Maryland: Tracing Architectural Detail. Megan M. Bailey. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435162)

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Society for Historical Archaeology

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 184