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It Always Comes Back to Identity: Materiality and Presidio Soldier Identity During the 1720-1726 Occupation of Presidio La Bahia (41VT4), Victoria County, Texas

Author(s): Bradford M. Jones

Year: 2017

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Summary

Even as archaeologists continue improving the identification of Spanish colonial sites in Texas, consideration of the archaeological implications of the mix of regional and social identities that made up the settlers sent to populate these sites remains limited. Consequently, most research focuses on the presumed cultural provenance of artifact manufacture – European/Mexican/Chinese/Indigenous - to interpret colonial period sites and the material aspects of emerging frontier identities. While capturing important macroscale colonial realities, it too often reinforces through artifacts an idealized Indian/European colonial division that masks internal social pluralism and diverse material cultural traditions. The Texas Historical Commission excavations at the 1720-1726 location of Presidio La Bahia (41VT4) along Garcitas Creek in Victoria County, Texas, provides the opportunity to compare a discrete archaeological assemblage with the enrollment roster of the first 40 soldier settlers, and to propose a more nuanced, historically situated interpretation of a Spanish colonial presidio assemblage in Texas.


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Cite this Record

It Always Comes Back to Identity: Materiality and Presidio Soldier Identity During the 1720-1726 Occupation of Presidio La Bahia (41VT4), Victoria County, Texas. Bradford M. Jones. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435238)


Keywords

Temporal Keywords
18th Century


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 632

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America