tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Understanding the Irish Famine Using Deep Neural Networks and Protolanguage

Author(s): Shaiyon Merkel

Year: 2017

» Downloads & Basic Metadata

Summary

Drawing from historical records and archaeological data, we used multilayer neural networks to construct a sociocultural model of the Irish Famine.  We found that Capital Exchange optimization for non-elites frequently contained polynomial-time mappings to the Assignment and Knapsack problems (which are both NP-hard).  However, we only occasionally encountered nontrivial instances of these mappings when the same algorithms were applied to elites.  That pattern of asymmetric computational complexity was reproducible even when resource loss was reduced to survivable levels.  This indicates that the Irish Famine may not have been attributable entirely to insufficient food resources; information advantages encoded within social structures may also have been a contributing factor.  We applied our findings to develop the experimental protolanguage model of computation, with which we successfully averted the emergence of starvation conditions in our model.  While protolanguage computing cannot help those who suffered during the Famine, it can be applied to predict and avert future tragedies.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Cite this Record

Understanding the Irish Famine Using Deep Neural Networks and Protolanguage. Shaiyon Merkel. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435487)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 566

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America