tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Phoenix Rising: Developing a Municipal Archaeology Program in Arizona, USA

Author(s): Todd Bostwick

Year: 2014

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


In 1928, the City of Phoenix in Arizona was the first municipality in the USA to create a City Archaeologist position. However, it was not until 2000 that a comprehensive archaeology program was in place that included the review of both private and public construction projects. This paper discusses the various challenges in developing this program during the author’s 21-year tenure as City Archaeologist from 1990 to 2011. Because the Phoenix Historic Preservation Ordinance is ambiguous and limited in scope in regards to archaeology, a set of independent review policies and procedures were created by fostering an appreciation of the value of archaeology among city staff, and by garnering public support by sharing the results of the archaeological investigations in a variety of public venues. From 2000 to 2010, nearly 750 archaeology projects were undertaken, with up to 1000 construction projects reviewed annually as part of the city planning process.

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

Phoenix Rising: Developing a Municipal Archaeology Program in Arizona, USA. Todd Bostwick. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 436663)

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-10,05

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America