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Society for Historical Archaeology 2014

Part of: Society for Historical Archaeology

Society for Historical Archaeology 2014


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Documents

  • A 15th to 19th century housing district in the center of Elbeuf (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    La fouille d’un quartier d’habitations dans le centre-ville d’Elbeuf en Haute-Normandie a permis d’étudier l’évolution de l’occupation entre le 15e et le 19e siècle. Le site comprend des îlots constitués de petites maisons associés à des cours et des jardins comprenant silos, latrines et fosses d’aisances. Le mobilier comprend une importante quantité de faïences et de céramiques communes reflétant la vie quotidienne de ce quartier à l’époque moderne. La communication s’attachera plus...

  • A 16th-Century Public Dump in Rouen (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Un site destiné à recueillir les déchets des habitations voisines au nord-ouest du centre-ville historique de Rouen, aux abords du château de Philippe-Auguste, a été fouillé en 2012. Cet immense dépotoir a livré une grande diversité de mobilier archéologique illustrant la vie quotidienne de la ville de Rouen au 16e siècle. L’abondante céramique domestique associée à quelques pièces plus luxueuses, témoigne d’une consommation locale et extra-régionale (céramiques du Beauvaisis ou grès...

  • 175 Water Street to Washington Square Park: is flexibility the key to urban archaeology? (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Thirty years ago, during what could be called the ‘Golden Age’ of New York City archaeology, I served as PI on a block-wide urban project in Lower Manhattan. The field methods were traditional, albeit with the help of a backhoe, and the findings spectacular. Three decades later, as ‘Project Archaeologist’ for the reconstruction of a park in historic Greenwich Village, the archaeology relied even more on heavy equipment and was limited to monitoring or testing associated with the introduction of...

  • The 1799 Siege of Acre: A Re-evaluation of the Historical and Archaeological Record (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Napoleon’s failed siege of Acre, Israel in the spring of 1799 was a turning point in his eastern campaign. Had he succeeded in gaining control of the port, he would have been well-positioned to challenge Britain’s influence in the East. It was only through the assistance of the British naval commander Admiral William Sidney Smith that the city was able to withstand the siege; Smith kept up a constant bombardment of Napoleon’s position from his fleet for over two months. Understandably,...

  • The 1812 period Naval Hospital at Point Frederick, Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Over the last five years, archaeologists’ understanding of the War of 1812 Naval Establishment at Point Frederick / Royal Military College, Kingston, Ontario has undergone some profound changes. Among these is the recognition that the 1812 period naval hospital does not correspond with the current Commandant’s house, but instead represents an entirely separate and ruined structure associated within the same area of the complex as the Commandant’s house but distinct from it. Through the...

  • 3D Scanning Sonar: A discussion of its applications and limitations based on recent tests by the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Over the last two summers the Lake Champlain Maritime Museum (LCMM) has had the opportunity to deploy a 3D Scanning Sonar unit in its archaeological fieldwork. This emerging technology offers many advantages for the assessment and study of submerged cultural resources including ease of deployment and the ability to operate well in low-visibility situations. In 2012 the LCMM employed the sonar unit in a detailed examination of the Sloop Island Canal Boat. This vessel had been documented with...

  • 3D to 2D to 3D ‘ The Reconstruction of the H.L Hunley’s Forward Crew Compartment (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    3D to 2D to 3D ‘ The reconstruction of the H.L Hunley’s Forward Crew Compartment.Since its recovery and excavation, archaeologists have employed advanced 3D measurement techniques to document the H.L Hunley submarine. The archaeological team has employed the traditional survey techniques such as; photography and illustration to record the vessel, and most notably, employed advanced techniques such as; 3D point measurement systems, laser scanning, color structured light scanning, and...

  • 3D Virtual Landscape Analysis at Fort Ethan Allen, VA (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    As part of archaeological investigations carried out at Fort Ethan Allen, VA for the Arlington County Department of Community Planning, Neighborhood Services, Versar prepared a 3D digital model of the fort and its environs as it may have appeared during the Civil War. Fort Ethan Allen was among the forts erected by the Union in 1861 to defend Washington, DC. Only small portions of the earthworks are still visible, and the surrounding area has been entirely transformed by suburban development....

  • 3D Virtual Landscape Analysis of 18th-century Settlement in the Swedes Tract, PA (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Manatanien, or Manatawny, present-day Douglasville in Berks County, PA, was settled by second generation Swedes within a 10,000 acre tract along the Schuykill River granted by William Penn in 1701. During the first decades of the 18th century, Swedish, German, and English settlers cleared long narrow plots of land anchored on the river within the so-called Swedes Tract. Combining historical maps and records with a 3D digital model of the community created in Autodesk Maya allows for a detailed...

  • 500 Years of Experience at a Ten-Year Old Museum: Positives And Pitfalls of Avocational Cooperation (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The Museum of the Coastal Bend in Victoria, Texas, has a large prehistoric collection, largely collected by avocational archaeologists. This is not unusual for a museum. What is perhaps more unusual is the extent to which ongoing research is conducted under the aegis of the museum.In an era of tight budgets, when many universities have had to cut back fieldwork, the museum’s field research program is expanding. The research program is active at multiple long-term sites, as well as providing...

  • ‘”[A] sweet life after a most fatiguing campaign”’: The Evolution and Archaeology of Military Encampments of the Revolutionary War (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Despite the breadth of information that has been recorded regarding the American Revolution, little is known about the day-to-day life of the American soldier. Much has been ingrained in the American psyche concerning the mythic lore regarding the Continental Army during Revolutionary War. The archaeology of the Revolutionary War encampment provides researchers with an uncanny glimpse into the daily lives of the Revolutionary War soldier, as well as the broader patterns that shaped the conflict....

  • Above and Beyond the Lowstand: Three Lithic Artifacts Recovered from the Gulf of Maine (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This paper will discuss three prehistoric lithic artifacts discovered by fishermen in the area of Mount Desert Island, Maine. All three artifacts were recovered while using heavy equipment to harvest shellfish from the seafloor. The first two artifacts were found by scallop draggers in areas sub-aerial during the last glacial lowstand, making it possible that they are from submerged terrestrial contexts. The third find was brought to the surface in a quahog bucket from depths below the lowstand,...

  • Academia in Underwater Archaeology (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This paper will explore the opportunities and constraints placed on academic programs that include underwater archaeology in a research and/or applied curriculum. While opportunities for new directions may abound, constraints on funding, staffing, curriculum development, and return on investment are real and inhibit sustained change. The conservative nature of academic program accreditation, and its impact on multidisciplinary programs, will be addressed.

  • Access to First Choice Foods and Settlement Failure at French Azilum (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Azilum in northern Pennsylvania was a thriving community of French aristocrats and enslaved Africans that existed from 1793-1809. Despite many advantages, including wealth and cultural capital, the settlement eventually vanished. This paper will argue that a major detrimental factor to the success of Azilum was the lack of access to first choice foods. Modern global food systems are designed in part to assure cultural elites constant access to first choice foods. In the case of Azilum,...

  • Accommodating personalities: the role of purpose-built mill workers’ housing in communal identity (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    At the end of the 18th century, Derbyshire in England witnessed unprecedented social upheaval with the introduction of the first water-powered cotton mills along the Derwent Valley. These ventures brought fame and fortune for the mill-owners; however, they also transformed the local demographic from dispersed agricultural hamlets into prominent industrial communities. Brought together within purpose-built settlements, mill workers gained not only innovative forms of accommodation (industrial...

  • The Accotink Quarter (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The Accotink Quarter was a circa 1720 to 1769 outlying tobacco plantation quarter site in Fairfax County, Virginia. Intact historic features and artifact deposits indicated the location of an overseer’s house and a dwelling for enslaved laborers. The overseer during the late period of the occupation was identified from store accounts where his purchases of various goods for himself and the quarter were documented. A total of 1,400 colonoware sherds representing a minimum of 197 vessels were...

  • Action, Compromise, and Transformation: Mortuary Genealogies and Social Change in the Virgin Islands and Barbados (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This paper interprets documentary data, material remains, and landscape histories for St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands (formerly part of the Danish West Indies) and Barbados (part of the British Commonwealth) to examine how Caribbean Moravian congregations enacted, compromised, and transformed burial and commemorative practices through social and spiritual interactions. I identify historical variation in burial site materiality and spatiality to understand how burial grounds reflected and informed...

  • Africans were not alone. A view over African experience and expression in relation to other ‘subaltern’ groups (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    During the illegal slave trade period, thousands of Africans arrived in Brazil. A coastal community in this period, where free, poor and white-mestizo (branco e pardo) group of pottery makers lived side by side with Africans and their descendants, will be the subject of this presentation. From the archaeological perspective, locally made pottery in these contexts is frequently seen by Brazilian researchers as having African influence. They can, however, be observed in another perspective, with...

  • Afrodescendientes en el Ferrocarril del Norte: Memorias y Materialidad de Pueblos Fantasmas del Valle del Mira (Carchi - Ecuador) (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    La historia oficial ecuatoriana desconoce el rol de Afrodescendientes del Valle del Mira (Carchi) en la construcción del Ferrocarril del Norte y su impacto en estas. Este proyecto fue parte de la agenda progresista que surge en el S XVIII, del cual el Ferrocarril del Norte fue elltimo tramo que se construyó (1957) y funcionó hasta la década de los 90. Unió Ibarra con San Lorenzo, transformando los poblados del trayecto que emergieron con las vías férreas pero que luego se vieron abandonados,...

  • After They Drove Old Dixie Down: Identity and Isolation in a Southwestern Oregon Mountain Refuge (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In the spring of 1872 the ‘Carolina Company’ wagon train left the war-torn Appalachian Mountains and headed to Oregon. Pulling up generations’ worth of roots in a region particularly devastated by the infamous Stoneman’s Raid of 1865, the group eventually found refuge on a remote mountain on the Southwest Oregon Coast, where they were given three years to ‘starve out’ by neighboring communities. Described as ‘the bone and sinew’ of the south, the Carolina Company soon established a mill, school,...

  • Against All Odds: The British Siege and the Spanish Defense of Cartagena in 1741 and the Interpretation of Spanish Shipwrecks (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In 1741, British Admiral Edwin Vernon attempted to sack the Spanish colonial town of Cartagena de Indias. Though outmanned and under-gunned, the fragile defensive network established by Blas de Lezo held, thwarting the English attempts. This defensive network is now one aspect of the larger Sunken Ships of Cartagena Project. In 2012 and 2013, marine archaeologists and researchers from the Universidad del Norte en Barranquilla, Texas State University, volunteers from federal institutions, the...

  • Agents, Africans and Agriculture: The Transplantation of British Nobility in Early Carolina (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In 1674, the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper, had his most trusted colonial agents settle a fortified plantation and Indian trading post within a 12,000 acre property that defined the British frontier in Carolina. The site contained a massive cattle herd, experimental agriculture, indentured servants and enslaved Africans. This settlement, called St. Giles Kussoe, existed only until 1685. Ashley Cooper was Lord Chancellor of England, a member of the Royal Society of London,...

  • Alien invasions: modernization and the dispersal of insect pests in Iceland (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The development of the modern western world was characterized by technological advances in farming and shipping, the globalization of trade and the ongoing densification of urban spaces such as villages, towns and cities. These phenomena, which caused dramatic changes in people’s lifeways, also affected insect populations around the world by enabling the global dispersal of pest species, some of which successfully established permanent populations in new territories. Recent investigations of...

  • ‘Allah the Divider’ was Lost in the Public House: A Pocketknife with Arabic Inscriptions from Colonial Brunswick Town (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Located on the Cape Fear River, Brunswick Town was one of the most active trans-Atlantic ports in eighteenth century North Carolina, particularly in the export of naval stores. Sometime between 1726-1776, a small brass pocketknife was lost by someone in the Public House. While the majority of artifacts recovered by archaeologists may be a result of loss, what makes this pocketknife significant is the Arabic script embossed on each side of the knife, with quotes from the Quran reading ‘Allah...

  • Analyses and Research: the Warwick, Bermuda 1619 (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    For the past four years, archaeologists have been carefully excavating the remains of the English galleon-type ship Warwick on the bottom of Castle Harbour, Bermuda. Although the shipwreck was partially salvaged in the past, the amount of cultural, botanical, and geological data still present within the intact section of the hull proved significant. Collectively, these artifacts allow for better insight not only into the shipbuilding techniques and rigging, but also into ballasting and...

  • And what about French Clay Pipes? (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Historical literature and archaeological evidence both indicate that clay pipes were produced in France before 1760, namely in various towns of Northern France, but such pipe collections have yet to be systematically analyzed. This situation makes it difficult to identify them ‘ if any ‘ in archaeological collections found in North America. Neutron activation analysis was therefore performed on a few clay pipe fragments found in Trois-Rivières, a New France site dating before 1770, to compare...

  • Animal Landscapes of the Lowcountry: Evidence from Drayton Hall (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Studying Lowcountry plantations as landscapes allows for an understanding of people’’s interactions with and negotiations of both cultural and natural elements in daily life. Animals in the Lowcountry, both wild and domesticated, contributed to this daily life and blurred the distinction between those elements which were natural and those which were cultural. Ongoing zooarchaeological analyses of the faunal remains from Drayton Hall, South Carolina, reveal the incorporation of vast local...

  • Another Look at Fort Ouiatenon: Native-European Creolization and the Frontier Meat Diet (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Newly excavated faunal remains from an 18th century Native structure near the walls of Fort Ouiatenon have been considered alongside previously excavated Native, European and Euro-American materials excavated in previous decades from the fort site and its environs. The excavation of Native contexts, particularly structures, from this temporal period in the Midwest is rare. The fort was built on the northern banks of the modern day Wabash River in Indiana in 1717 by the French and saw successive...

  • Application of Environmental Legislation to Protect Underwater Cultural Heritage on the Outer Continental Shelf (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Although the law has significantly improved protection for Underwater Cultural Heritage (UCH) in state waters with the Abandoned Shipwreck Act, and in federally-designated sanctuaries under the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act, UCH, including Native American artifacts, outside of these areas on the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) is still at risk. As shipwrecks often integrate with the natural environment, thereby becoming artificial reefs and fish aggregating devices, existing...

  • Approach to the building strategies used in the early colonial forts in the Plata River Basin (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The arrival of the first European colonizers in the Southern Cone was followed by a settlement policy of a markedly military nature. The forts set up on the banks of the rivers were strategic enclaves from which to carry out the conquest of the inland Plata River Basin territories. The forts were also the building axis of the European settlements erected on the other side of the Atlantic. In this paper we study the main elements of the buildings in Sancti Spiritus, Buenos Aires and Asuncion to...

  • Approvisionnement en poterie de terre de deux établissements coloniaux Martiniquais du XVIIIe siècle d’après deux fouilles récentes (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The excavations of the site of the Court of appeal in Fort-de-France and the warehouses and gardens of the house of the Caravelle in Trinity have provided a great quantity of pottery finds. These objects, although fragmentary, are typical of the crockery in use in the 18th century, in two particularly affluent environments. The household crockery and horticultural pottery is mainly glazed ware imported from the regions of Saintes, Provence and Bordeaux, but table services from Provence and Italy...

  • Archaeological Context of Jamestown’s Starving Time (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In 2012, a mutilated human skull and severed leg bone were found in a trash deposit that partially filled an early 17th century cellar at Jamestown, Virginia. This find put into motion inductive reasoning based on three sources of evidence: archaeological context, forensic science and historiography. This paper will focus on defining the archaeological context, how it contributed to determining that the human remains were found in associated deposits inside the confines of the original James...

  • Archaeological Dimensions of the Acadian Diaspora (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The deportation and diaspora of more than 6000 Acadians beginning in 1755 led to progressive regroupings of survivors in Europe, North America, French Guiana, the Falkland Islands, and Haiti. Only after 1785 was a sizeable community established in Louisiana. This middle passage had a formative effect on diasporic Acadians, especially those born during transit. Random separations and destinations resulted in dendritic, rather than converging family histories. Creolization occurred at every step...

  • Archaeological Evidence of two French Colonial Buildings in St. Charles, Missouri (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Living floors for two buildings have been identified at the French Colonial Louis Blanchette Site in St. Charles, Missouri (circa 1770). Based upon artifacts found in the floors, one building has been tentatively associated with the founder and first ‘mayor’ of the City of St. Charles, Louis Blanchette. The second building has been tentatively associated with Blanchette’s successor, Don Carlos Tayon, dating back to approximately 1793. While neither floor has been completely excavated,...

  • Archaeological excavations in the Harbour of Grønnegaard, Copenhagen: Examples of quays, careening wharf, slipway, crane, and the reuse of scuttled ship-hulls in 17th & 18th century (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The aim of the paper is to present and discuss the archaeological finds from the B&W site in Copenhagen, which was excavated in 1996-1997. The site unveiled the archaeological remains of 8 ships and boats, dating from the period 1580-1650, as well as numerous remains of harbor installations, ranging in date from the end of the 16th century till the 20th century. The B&W site is part of the former harbour of Grønnegaard, which is the oldest historically known harbour reserved for wintering...

  • Archaeological Findings From The 2013 Survey of the Soviet Tanker Ashkhabad (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Between May 25 and June 1, 2013, NOAA’s Monitor National Marine Sanctuary collaborated with the Battle of the Atlantic Research and Expedition Group to survey the wreck of the Ashkhabad, a Soviet tanker sunk in 1942 by the German submarine U-402. Over this 8-day period, 17 divers spent over 270 man-hours underwater, mapping the roughly 400-foot-by-150-foot debris field, all that currently remains of the vessel. This paper will outline the methodology undertaken by the group, the challenges...

  • Archaeological Investigations of Civil War Activity in an Urban Setting: Franklin, Tennessee (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Since 2003, the Nashville office of TRC Environmental Corporation has carried out a variety of archaeological investigations linked to the U.S. Civil War in Franklin, Tennessee. Located near Nashville, Franklin saw extensive action during the war, capped by the bloody Battle of Franklin in late 1864. The TRC archaeological efforts have ranged from work on city parks on the outer edge of the town to recovery of an isolated soldier’’s burial to a search for remnants of Federal defensive lines in...

  • Archaeological Investigations of pre-1745 French Domestic Properties at Rochefort Point, Fortress of Louisbourg (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    From c. 1720 to 1745, three French domestic properties stood in the middle of Rochefort Point, a small peninsula extending beyond the east gate of the fortified town of Louisbourg. These properties were destroyed at the beginning stages of the first siege of Louisbourg in 1745 and concluded a short phase of French domestic life on Rochefort Point. Since the 18th century, climate change has heavily impacted the shoreline of Rochefort Point. Rising seas, powerful storms and shoreline erosion have...

  • Archaeological Management in Ontario: Legislation and Development Planning (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The legislative requirements for archaeology related to public and private development in Ontario must be counted among the most comprehensive in North America. How decisions related to archaeological resources are made at the municipal level, where the role of development approval resides, is not necessarily uniform across the province, but many of the areas experiencing the greatest development pressures seek to ensure that planning decisions are informed by detailed archaeological management...

  • Archaeological Significance, Professional Practice, and Public Praxis, Part 1: Archaeological Identity and the determination of archaeological site significance (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This paper (Part 1 of 2) examines how the construction of a dominant archaeological identity within the profession has determined how archaeological significance is constructed in US preservation law and policy. This formal legal framework guiding professional practice is then contrasted with the notion of significance that emerged during the public’s engagement with the President’s House site in Independence National Historical Park (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA). The resulting contrast...

  • Archaeological Significance, Professional Practice, and Public Praxis, Part 2: Identity, Community Engagement, and the Significance of Archeological Sites (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This paper (Part 2 of 2) surveys public engagement with the President’s House Site In Independence Park (Philadelphia, PA, USA) in order to juxtapose how various communities of interest actively construct disparate notions of site significance from reservoirs of common memory and shared identity. The comparison makes clear that the archaeological profession represents but one particular community of interest whose restrictive practice does not encompass all that is valuable about a site. This...

  • Archaeologies of Conflicting Ideologies: Frederick Douglass as a Contemporary Post-Colonial Thinker (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    One of the more prolific writers of the 19th Century was Frederick Douglass. Douglass devoted his career to the abolition of slavery and equality for African Americans. As Archaeology in Annapolis turns to Douglass’s writings to help locate and interpret the sites he describes in his autobiographies, we are increasingly recognizing Douglass’ importance not just as a guide to 19th Century quarters and plantations, but to understanding the ways in which ideologies can be understood, combated,...

  • Archaeologies of Removal: The Adaeseños of late 18th century Spanish Texas (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The strategic importance of the presidio and missions on the eastern boundary of the province of Texas was diminished just prior to the end of the Seven Years War when France ceded its holdings west of the Mississippi River to Spain in 1762. Much of French Louisiana became Spanish, and the Spanish decided to close the three missions and presidio in the area of Los Adaes in 1773. Hundreds of Adaeseños were removed to San Antonio some 400 miles away. Many eventually returned in 1779 to the...

  • Archaeology Goes Underground: The Potential for Historical Archaeology in Wind Cave (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Caves offer a unique point of intersection between the natural and cultural worlds. While caves have often been the topic of discussion in archaeological literature, this discussion has primarily focused on prehistoric uses, and more often than not equates cave with rock shelter. In contrast, we will be discussing historic uses of caves with extended dark zones. Using data from Wind Cave National Park (WICA) collected during explorations, we hope to elucidate how the historical uses of caves...

  • Archaeology in 140 Characters: The Efficacy of Social Media in Archaeological Heritage Management (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Social media outlets such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube and others, have significantly altered the way information is transmitted, globally. Social media has expedited communication, reaching but also appealing to wider audiences. However, the efficacy of social media in archaeological heritage management (AHM) has not been measured. This paper assesses the effectiveness of the District of Columbia Historic Preservation Office’s and other local group’s efforts to utilize social...

  • Archaeology in a Municipal Planning Context: The City of Kingston Archaeological Planning process (2005-2011) (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Archaeology in the Province of Ontario (Canada) is a matter of provincial interest. However, the approval agents for most planning works are local municipalities. In response to provincial requirements, the Corporation of the City of Kingston (Ontario) embarked on a multi-year archaeological plan¬ning project designed to integrate archaeology into not only the land-use and heritage conservation approvals processes, but also into municipal operations. The project resulted in the development of...

  • Archaeology of a 19th Century Miner’s Boarding House Yard (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The Clifton site (20KE53), located on the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, was the settlement site for the Cliff Mine, the first profitable copper mine in Michigan. Operating throughout the 1850s and 60s, the town of Clifton began to disappear around 1871 when the Boston and Pittsburgh mining company ceased operations and began to lease out the land to individual prospectors. The Industrial Archaeology program at Michigan Technological University has been performing field work...

  • An Archaeology of Community Investment: The Old Edgebrook Schoolhouse in Chicago, Illinois (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Many contemporary communities use refurbished schools to house historical societies and museums, and they are valued as part of local history. One-room schoolhouses also may be used to explore community investment and identity in the past; as such schools were built using locally donated land, labor, funds, and materials. Community members made deliberate choices in how to design and furnish their school. Such choices were investigated at the Old Edgebrook Schoolhouse in northwest Chicago,...

  • The Archaeology of Conquest: Employing a Trans-conquest Approach to Interpreting Processes of Resistance and Incorporation (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    European countries have undertaken colonialist ventures throughout the Old and New World over the past six centuries. Yet Spanish colonialism in South America is unique as it was significantly structured by local relationships forged through Inka statecraft. The degree of Inka investment and local responses to these interests fundamentally impacted the success of Spanish conversion and governance. In the contiguous regions of Pampachiri/Larcay and Cocharcas, we find complimentary evidence of...

  • An Archaeology of Landscape on the Petit Nord (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Landscapes endure for centuries. A landscape can been understood as a network of landmarks where human activity occurs, for example the extraction of natural resources. The relationship of landscape and landmark is recursive; landscapes of different scales nest, like Matrushka dolls, one within another. A landscape at one level is a landmark, taking a broader view. The fundamental geographical unit in the early-modern, transatlantic, dry salt-cod fishery was the fishing room, the shore...

  • Archaeology of Oostenburg. The Amsterdam harbour extension of 1660 and the VOC ship yard (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In the 1660s the city of Amsterdam witnessed the completion of a process of systematic urban extension which started 50 years earlier. This led to the creation of the characteristic highly renaissance conceived semicircular city plan. This comprised a wealthy residential area concentrated along the belt of canals with a middle class housing and labour quarter and fortification around it. The major feature of the 1660 extension was the creation of three large scale harbour islands along the...

  • The archaeology of siege warfare at the gateways of Paris : training Louis XIV’s troops at the Saint-Sebastien Fort (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    A 28 hectare preventative excavation was conducted in 2011-2012 by the INRAP at Saint-Germain-en-Laye, on the alluvial plain of the Seine river. This excavation led to the discovery of abundant remains of the Saint-Sebastien fort, built in 1669 as an exercise ground for training the troops belonging to the military household of Louis XIV for siege warfare.This year long excavation yielded impressive fortified structures as well as encampment areas within the fortifications. This data provides us...

  • The archaeology of the early modern period and the Eighty Years’ War in the Zwin-Scheldt estuary (Belgium, the Netherlands) (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The Zwin-Scheldt estuary witnessed a turbulent history, with constantly changing occupations, landscape transformations and a complex urban-rural interaction following the outbreak of the Eighty Years’ War in 1567. However, three centuries of almost continuous warfare are hardly reflected in Flemish archaeological fieldwork. This presentation tries to uncover the underlying causes of this observation and illustrates the potential of research on military sites and material culture by the case of...

  • Archaeology on the Line: A 19th century mill hamlet on the Maine-New Brunswick border (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Archaeological investigations at the Historic Period Boundary Line Mill Hamlet (BLMH) site (ME 055-001) in Bridgewater, Aroostook County, Maine was conducted by the Northeast Archaeology Research Center, Inc. (NE ARC) on behalf of United States (U.S.) Customs and Border Protection (CBP). Archaeological phase II testing and phase III data recovery was conducted at the site through a contract with Geo-Marine, Inc. and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Fort Worth District. Archaeological...

  • Archaeology without Ottoman Past: Historical Archaeology in Turkey (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Archaeology can be recognised as a modern preoccupation with our own past worlds in order to write a history of the present. Discursive formations of archaeology have been constructed by political powers and their cultural-academic institutions. Political powers present their desire to discover a meaning in history through their epistemological shifts by refusing previous or alternative powers. Each epistemological mutation of discourses in these constructions has been produced by addressing the...

  • Archaeometrical study of Glass Trade Beads from the ClFi-10 site: results and their potential to investigate Amerindian exchange networks (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Hundreds of kilos of glass beads were imported by European traders and were a privileged exchange “money’ with Amerindians during the 17th and the 18th centuries. Once acquired, these beads were either used or bartered with other Amerindian people. Glass beads could therefore be of great help to trace for trade routes in North America. For this purpose, markers for each group of beads imported from Europe need to be found. The chemical composition of glass beads has been analyzed by instrumental...

  • Archeological discoveries and hypothesis for a new colonial portrait (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The works at the Cartier-Roberval waiting for next phase of excavations. As there is many discoveries who involved a new comprehension of this first colony, there is some hypothesis made whom give us a better idea of the establissement. It is time to shom some of interpretive view of the site. Those hypothesis have now to be confronted with new archaeological findings on the site.

  • Archeological discoveries and hypothesis for a new colonial portrait (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The works at the Cartier-Roberval waiting for next phase of excavations. As there is many discoveries who involved a new comprehension of this first colony, there is some hypothesis made whom give us a better idea of the establissement. It is time to shom some of interpretive view of the site. Those hypothesis have now to be confronted with new archaeological findings on the site.

  • Archeology and 3D photography (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In recent years, new developments in 3D technology has offered new possibilities for archeologists to display objects and document searching sites with the added reality of 3D.This presentation will cover the benefits of 3D photography for archeology, starting from the 19th century stereoviews as a primary source of historical images on the major archeological sites, and move on to use modern day 3D to display objects and sharing knowledge.This presentation will require attendees to wear 3D...

  • Architectural Reconstruction and the Andy Warhol Factor (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Part of the Colonial Williamsburg’s new emphasis on interpreting the American Revolution to its visitors is the reconstruction of what was known as the Public Armoury, a weapons and material repair operation located in the center of Williamsburg between 1778 and 1780. Part of that operation included the commandeering of a residence on the adjacent lot in order to house the Armoury’s tin workers. After the war, this house became the home of a free African American family, one of the few such...

  • The Archivist, the Archaeologist, and Feminist Questing (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    More than a decade ago a knowledgeable archivist wished me luck conducting documentary research on a 17th-century Christian Indian village in southeastern Massachusetts. The archivist conceded that he had failed to ‘find much’ during his research on the community. Contrary to his experiences, my questing produced considerable information on southern New England Christian Indian villages and revealed how the colonization process transformed those communities. Particularly noteworthy was evidence...

  • The Archéo-Québec network: a review and forthcoming projects (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Since 1999, the Archéo-Québec network has been working to raise public awareness of the importance of Québec’s archaeological heritage. Since the beginning, it has managed to engage the community by promoting synergy between various stakeholders in the cultural and tourism sectors. Now comprised of the driving forces in Québec archaeology, Archéo-Québec has some one hundred institutional and individual members dedicated to conservation, to research, and to highlighting our archaeological...

  • Archéo-Québec: L’archéologie préventive : Guide pratique à l’intention des municipalités du Québec (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    L’adoption de la nouvelle loi sur le patrimoine culturel du Québec amène de nouvelles dispositions pour les municipalités du Québec désirant mettre en valeur ou protéger son patrimoine. En matière d’archéologie, les démarches peuvent paraître complexes et coteuses. Pour contrer cette image erronée, le réseau Archéo-Québec présente un guide pratique destiné aux municipalités pour comprendre la marche à suivre adapté à chacune des réalités. Préparé selon les outils et les méthodes de travail des...

  • Archéodendrométrie et artéfacts, de la fouille au musée (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    En France, de très nombreux artefacts sont exhumés des chantiers de fouilles en plus ou moins bon état. On se propose d’exposer toutes les étapes nécessaires à un suivi scientifique efficace de ces objets à leur mise en valeur muséale. Cette présentation sera illustrée d’exemples montrant qu’à chaque phase, des données essentielles peuvent être récoltées aussi bien pour fournir des informations sur l’essence employée, la datation à l’année, la provenance, les modes de façonnage et d’usage, la...

  • Archéologie préventive et monuments historiques coloniaux dans les départements d’outremer français : quels enjeux ? (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Cette communication cherche à présenter les contraintes et les intérêts d’opérations d’archéologie préventive réalisées sur des Monuments Historiques ou des bâtiments devant être conservés de la période coloniale dans les DOM américains. Cette présentation s’appuie sur différents types d’opérations allant du suivi de travaux à la fouille proprement dite dans le cadre de projets de restauration menés en Guadeloupe et en Martinique (Fortifications, habitations’). Elle cherchera ainsi à mettre en...

  • Arguing for an Archaeology of Dog Fighting (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Humans pitting dogs against each other as a source of entertainment has seemingly existed for thousands of years. The popularity of the ‘sport’ throughout history has attracted a wide array of enthusiasts. In the United States it inspired the development of new breeds and sophisticated fighting rings, the organization of which was equal to many legitimate professional sports, including the creation of official rules and popular magazines. The inhumanness of dog fighting also inspired...

  • Armed Slaves: The Possession of Firearms by Enslaved Persons at Kingsley Plantation, FL (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Kingsley Plantation, in Duval County, Florida, is located on a tranquil island that has seen many dynamic eras in its past. Fort George Island’s largest slave owner was Zephaniah Kingsley, the slave trading Africaphile that owned the plantation in the early nineteenth century. Recent excavations of the slave quarters at Kingsley Plantation have revealed the presence of firearms of various types in every domestic context investigated. These weapons were of the most up-to-date technology...

  • Arqueología e Memoria : La Mujer Borrada (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    El artículo es fruto de investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en la restauración de un edificio histórico, ubicada en Plaza de So Francisco, Patrimonio de la Humanidad, en la ciudad de So Cristóvo/SE Brasil. La investigación se ha limitado al entendimiento del espacio construido y del rescate de las memorias asociadas al monumento restaurado. Los hallazgos revelaran una pequeña casa del siglo XVIII cuyos restos materiales han sido usados en la edificación del siglo XIX. La puesta en...

  • Art and Archaeology of Konark Sun Temple:A World Heritage Site (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The name Konark is derived from the Sanskrit word Kona (meaning angle) and word Arka (meaning sun) in reference to the temple which was dedicated to the Sun god Surya. The entire complex was designed in the form of the God’s huge chariot drawn by seven spirited horses on twelve pairs of exquisitely decorated wheels at its base.The Sun Temple of Konark often called as the Black Pagoda was constructed in mid thirteenth century by Raja Narasinghs Deva-I of the Ganga Dynasty. It is an ample...

  • Ashkhabad: Video Documentation of the 2013 Field Season (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    During the May-June 2013 maritime archeological survey of the Soviet tanker Ashkhabad, three Battle of the Atlantic Research and Expedition Group videographers took over eight hours of high-definition video of the wreck site. This video documentary will combine historical photographs; wartime newsreel footage; photographic stills and video of the wreck; and interviews with key participants to provide a general overview of the Battle of the Atlantic on the North American East Coast, the attack...

  • Assessing the Long Term Stability of Underwater Archaeological Conservation Techniques (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The ideal end result of any archaeological conservation project is the long term stability of conserved artifacts. The scientific conservation of unstable archaeological materials recovered from underwater sites is still a relatively nascent field, and as such, long term assessments of common conservation techniques are vital to the continued advancement of the field. Along with evaluating the ‘tried and true’ methods, it is prudent to consolidate and assess the efficacy of new and innovative...

  • Assigning Site Function: An Archaeological Investigation of the Fickling Settlement at Dixie Plantation in Hollywood, SC (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The College of Charleston’s Center for Environmental Research (CER) in Hollywood, SC is located 19 miles west of the College of Charleston’s main campus in downtown Charleston. The CER was formerly an 18th and 19th century rice and cotton plantation known as Dixie Plantation. A 1799 and a ca.1807 plat map of the area indicates the plantation consisted of a main house, an avenue of oaks, and an unidentified settlement simply labeled ‘Fickling’s’ on the ca. 1807 map. This settlement was...

  • At the limits of the colonial world: a brief analysis of missionary springs and water sources (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Between the 16th, and 17th. Centuries, in the River Plate Basin, contact between religious Europeans and indigenous ethnic Guranis, was one of the most emblematic moments in the Iberian colonization process of the New World. From the cultural interaction, between a baroque and a neolithic world, small and very active townships appeared, where communities prospered with their own social characteristics today denominated as Jesuitical-Guarani, or more properly, missionary. As witnesses of this...

  • At the Margins of the Plantation: An Archaeology of the ‘Poor Whites’ of Barbados (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Plantation studies continue to be a mainstay of historical archaeological scholarship, particularly in the Caribbean where, for centuries, the plantation system dominated political, economic, and social life. In Barbados, the advent of this system engendered a ‘poor white’ underclass on the island that would survive on the margins of the plantation landscape. Archaeological investigations of a ‘poor white’ tenantry village, abandoned since the 1960s, are revealing a web of relationships...

  • Attempting to Reconstruct a French Colonial Settlement on the Alabama Frontier: Geophysical Investigations at Fort Toulouse (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Between 1717 and 1763 a French community associated with Fort Toulouse thrived near the junction of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers in present-day central Alabama. Although several prior archaeological investigations have targeted the remains of the three forts built by the French in this location, until recently, few explicit efforts had been directed toward the recovery of archaeological data from the community that developed outside these defensive structures. During the summers of 2012 and...

  • Basques and Iroquoians in the St. Lawrence Basin: recent documentary data (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In 1990, Charles Martijn proposed that Spanish Basques and St. Lawrence Iroquoians shared a ‘privileged trading partnership’ in the 16th century. This paper looks at two new fields of data that appear to support the Martijn hypothesis. The first considers the geopolitical struggle between France and Spain for control of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, with reference to a crisis in Spanish Basque whaling in 1579 that may be related to the Iroquoian dispersal. The Basque crisis may have provided a...

  • The Basques in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1530-1760: An archaeological overview (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Research on the Basques in the Gulf of St. Lawrence has often focused on 16th-century whaling in the Strait of Belle Isle. However a fuller look at the historical and archaeological data shows a presence that extended without interruption to the 18th century, covered a much larger area, and included cod fishing and trading. It also shows regional differences that developed during the 17th century, allowing us to distinguish French and Spanish Basque sites and material culture. Archaeologists...

  • The Battle of Caulk’s Field, Kent County, Maryland (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Under a moon lit night on August 31, 1814, British Captain Peter Parker engaged American Lieutenant Colonel Philip Reed in battle on an open field in Kent County, Maryland. After an hour of artillery and musket fire, the British, suffering heavy casualties, quit the field and marched back to the HMS Menelaus. Lieutenant Colonel Reed and his men held their final position with only three wounded men. Under a National Park Service, American Battlefield Protection Program grant, archaeologists...

  • Battle of the Wabash 1791 - Using Archaeological results to support GIS Data Modeling and further Historical Research (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Ball State University’s Department of Anthropology was awarded a 2010 American Battlefield Protection Program Grant to conduct archaeological research on the site of the Battle of the Wabash (now modern day Fort Recovery, Ohio), a historically significant 1791 battle that was part of the Northwest Indian Wars. GIS data modeling results using the National Park Service’s KOCOA landscape methodology highlighted probable Native American battle strategy and movement. Additional historical research...

  • Battlefield Topography: An analysis of Lt. General Ewald’s first hand account of his observations of the action on Washington’s right flank at the Battle of Brandywine - An ethnographic view of command decision on an eighteenth century battlefield (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Lt. General Johann von Ewald (20 March 1744 ‘ 25 June 1813) the Hesse-Kassel officer and his diary of his encounter with American Continental forces at the Battle of Brandywine is the topic of discussion. Comparative analysis of Ewald’s and other primary sources of the actions on the right flank of Washington’s army posted along the Brandywine River in Chester County , Pennsylvania will be examined using GIS technologies in an effort to replicate the possible positions of the American Divisions...

  • Becoming Brooklyn (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Becoming BrooklynThe Johannes I. Lott farmhouse site in Marine Park, Brooklyn is a unique place to explore the shifting identities that occurred in the greater NYC area as it became more and more urbanized. The Lott’s originally owned more than 200 acres of land. The Lott family passed down this property to descendants from 1719 to 1989 during this time, Lott family members had to adapt to many changes including a change from Dutch to English rule, the formation of the United States, the birth...

  • Behind Closed Doors: An Introduction and Case Study from a 19th-century Boston brothel (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This paper serves at the introductory paper for the symposium Behind Closed Doors: Exploring taboo subjects in historical archaeology. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief introduction to the topics addressed in this symposium, focusing particularly on prostitution and feminine hygiene. Following the introduction, this paper will address the author’s own theoretical perspective concerning the analysis of these subjects through the use of a case study. The case study will focuses on...

  • Being A ‘Good’ Girl: Crafting Gender in Indian Residential Schools (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    There is a growing interest in exploring the feminine and sexual attributes of colonialism, particularly in an effort to unravel the often hidden, complex, and contradictory history of Aboriginal women’s lives during colonization. Institutions such as the Indian residential schools shaped the lives of Aboriginal girls by embedding western ideals of femininity in habitus. Modelled behaviour, appearance and clothing, personal possessions, and household goods informed respectability, and Aboriginal...

  • Beneath the Dome: An Archaeological Investigation of Falmouth, Jamaica’s “Phoenix Foundry” (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    From the late-18th to the early-19th c., Falmouth, a British harbor on the north coast of Jamaica, developed into one of the most prosperous ports in the Caribbean. Housing and harboring merchants, sailors, the planter elite, free and enslaved craftsmen, the town relied upon its weekly markets, post office, hospital, taverns, and specialized workshops to dwell urban ‘- moving goods, people, and information in, out, and within northern Jamaica.Begun in 2010, the “Dome Site” project has continued...

  • Beyond Change and Continuity, Beyond Historical Archaeology (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Historical archaeologists have been leaders in trying to revisit the interpretive frameworks used to study change and continuity in the past. For many, this is one of the fundamental questions addressed by archaeology. Multiple historical datasets, the engagement with postcolonial theory and decolonizing methodologies, commitments to working with descendent communities, and a critical eye for heritage issues have helped to stimulate these developments in historical archaeology. A variety of...

  • Beyond Guns, Soldiers, and Palisades: The Archaeology of Fort St. Joseph on the Frontier of New France (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Fort St. Joseph, an 18th-century French mission, garrison, and trading post complex, served as an important hub for colonial relations in the western Great Lakes region. Dominated primarily by exchange activities, the fort brought Native peoples and French colonists into close interactions with significant material implications. Archaeological evidence gathered through excavations at Fort St. Joseph suggests the emergence of a fur trade society marked by mutual influence that led to complex...

  • Beyond Identification: Aviation Archaeology in the U.S. Navy (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The United States Navy maintains title to all its aircraft, irrespective of date or place of loss. While the primary aim of any investigation into a newly-discovered wreck site is the identification of the individual aircraft and, if applicable, recovery of lost servicemen and women, recent technological advances in underwater data collection allow for a broader range of study. While marine conditions can destroy identifying features, and historical records do not always provide definitive...

  • Beyond Jane: A Tightly Dated Context of the Early Seventeenth Century (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    As a result of extensive excavations and long-term documentary research since 1994, the Jamestown Rediscovery Project has gathered significant data on early seventeenth century material culture. Sealed, completely excavated, closely dated, and large subsurface features were repositories for objects used and discarded by the inhabitants on an entire, enclosed (palisaded) town. One such feature, the ‘Jane” kitchen cellar, contained refuse that reflects the occupation of James Fort between 1607...

  • Beyond Sugar: Rethinking Caribbean Plantation Landscapes (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Much has been written about the ‘sugar revolution’ sweeping the islands of the Caribbean in the 17th and 18th centuries. Recent work by archaeologists, however, has challenged this overarching narrative. On the island of St. Lucia, a program of landscape survey joined with a close analysis of maps and census records has revealed a surprisingly different pattern of landscape development. Building on a legacy of subsistence agriculture inherited from the Amerindians, early European settlers on St....

  • Beyond the pale: Inuit resistance to the Moravian reconstruction of northern Labrador (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Moravian missionaries in central and northern Labrador won growing numbers of Inuit converts during the nineteenth century, as they pursued a concerted program of economic, social and cultural reorganization aimed at establishing stable mission communities that were tightly articulated with the wider Moravian network. Inuit who declined to convert to Christianity came to be marked as dangerous hold outs, ‘heathens’ who represented a nagging moral threat to the missionary project. ...

  • A Big Project for a Small Submarine: H.L. Hunley, Recovery, Conservation and Interpretation (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley was recovered from the seafloor off Charleston, SC in 2000. The planning and preparation for the archaeology, engineering, and conservation was extensive and was accelerated over a 2 year span. This included development of innovative recovery methodology and construction of a state of the art conservation laboratory, as well as procuring 4 to 5 million dollars for a project that was heavily front-end loaded with costs. However difficult this seems, it is...

  • The Bimeler House Restoration: A Case Study in Historic Preservation and Research Archaeology, Zoar Village, Tuscarawas County, Ohio (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In 2012, the Ohio Historical Society undertook efforts to restore and stabilize the damaged foundation of the Bimeler House in Zoar Village, Tuscarawas County, Ohio. This paper looks to examine how the research efforts at the Bimeler house have shone some light on how the Zoarites may have lived while also examining the CRM aspects in restoring a portion of an important home in Ohio history in a unique way.

  • Black and Yellow: Thoughts on Crossing a Different Color Line in the American Southeast (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    This contribution questions how historical archaeology’s focus on ‘culturally bounded’ groups might restrict a fuller exploration of oppressive social practices such as slavery, racism, and inequality. The discussion explores the interconnected lives of African and Asian Americans in the Deep South during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. While most Americans are aware of the African American experience in the region, dedicated studies of Chinese Americans in the southern states are rare....

  • Black Experiences within the Field of Archaeology (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    African American historical and heritage sites have increasingly become the center of archaeological attention in America; however members of the African Diaspora, both within and outside the academy, such as graduate students, project organizers, field excavators and community collaborators, remain largely underrepresented. The Society of Black Archaeologists (SBA) was created in 2011 with five goals in mind; one of which is to highlight the past and present achievements and contributions that...

  • Blackwater Maritime Heritage Trail: A Model for Site Interpretation (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Maritime heritage trails are a valuable technique to share cultural and historical resources with the public in a manner that emphasizes the availability and responsibility local citizens and visitors have to enjoy and care for them. The major issuing confronting those responsible for developing such projects is the degree to which these sites should be interpreted. The proposed Blackwater Maritime Heritage Trail is ideally positioned to bridge this gap. This project seeks to develop a model for...

  • Blue Caribbean: A Possible Indigo Plantation, Great Camanoe Island, British Virgin Islands (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Indigo was a major cash crop in the eighteenth-century Caribbean, but it has received less study than sugar. Though similar in many ways, requiring intensive cultivation and dangerous and difficult processing (accomplished by enslaved Africans), indigo required less capital outlay and grew in more marginal soils. Therefore it was a transitional crop and was popular in poorer areas. Indigo also held symbolic, spiritual, and practical importance to many African groups, and its production and...

  • Boilers on the Shore: Piecing together the history and significance of the steamship site at Fort Gadsden (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    The machinery remains of an early nineteenth century steamboat were recovered in the 1978-1980 Corp of Army Engineers dredging episode of the Apalachicola River. They were deposited at the historic site of Fort Gadsden and have remained there unstudied until 2009. This paper places a time frame on the machinery comprised of two boilers, two paddlewheels, a mud drum, and assorted pieces, using historical reference in comparison to the construction of the recovered artifacts. This research allows...

  • Bretons, Basques and Inuit in Southern Labrador and Northern Newfoundland: the Struggle over Maritime Resources in the 16th and 17th Centuries (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    Europeans developed a seasonal salt-cod fishery in northern Newfoundland and southern Labrador, in the early 16th century. In the same period, the Inuit arrived in Labrador and began to move southwards along the coast. While we have plenty of 16th-century evidence for Breton, Norman and Basque exploitation of Labrador, by fishers and later by whalers, Europeans then withdrew from the area until the end of the 17th century, when Quebec merchants began to exploit the Labrador Straits for salmon...

  • Bridging the Three Cultures: Commercial Archaeology, Academia and Government in the Study of the Past (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    In 2006 the prehistorian Richard Bradley wrote what became a seminal paper in the Antiquaries Journal entitled ‘Bridging the Two Cultures’ on the relationship between academic and commercial archaeology. Some eight years later, this paper builds on Bradley’s conclusions to consider not just the two-way relationship between academia and commercial archaeology, but the three-way relationship between academia, commercial archaeology and government. Bradley optimistically concluded that better...

  • Bringing 50 Years of Underwater Archaeology from Parks Canada to the Public (2014)
    Citation DOCUMENT

    During its 50 years of existence, Parks Canada’s Underwater Archaeology Service (UAS) has been leading exciting projects nation-wide, exploring, locating, researching and learning from Canada’s many submerged cultural resources. Throughout the years, its relationship with and outreach to the public has changed significantly. The purpose of this paper is to retrace the different phases of public communication the UAS has undergone throughout its history, with the intent to learn from past...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America