Assigning Site Function: An Archaeological Investigation of the Fickling Settlement at Dixie Plantation in Hollywood, SC
Author(s): Eva Falls
The College of Charleston’s Center for Environmental Research (CER) in Hollywood, SC is located 19 miles west of the College of Charleston’s main campus in downtown Charleston. The CER was formerly an 18th and 19th century rice and cotton plantation known as Dixie Plantation. A 1799 and a ca.1807 plat map of the area indicates the plantation consisted of a main house, an avenue of oaks, and an unidentified settlement simply labeled ‘Fickling’s’ on the ca. 1807 map. This settlement was represented by two structures on the 1799 map and then four structures on the 1807 map. Today, the avenue of oaks and the remnants of rice canals are all that is left of the former plantation. The primary research goals of this project were to relocate the settlement indicated by these maps, establish an occupation period, and determine the function of these four buildings from the collected artifact assemblage. It is hypothesized that the buildings represent the former enslaved worker residences, though it is possible that they could also represent the carriage house, stables, or other outbuildings. This paper will discuss the challenges of assigning site function for the Fickling settlement.
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Assigning Site Function: An Archaeological Investigation of the Fickling Settlement at Dixie Plantation in Hollywood, SC. Eva Falls. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 437185)
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