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The Basques in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1530-1760: An archaeological overview

Author(s): Brad Loewen ; Vincent Delmas

Year: 2014

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Research on the Basques in the Gulf of St. Lawrence has often focused on 16th-century whaling in the Strait of Belle Isle. However a fuller look at the historical and archaeological data shows a presence that extended without interruption to the 18th century, covered a much larger area, and included cod fishing and trading. It also shows regional differences that developed during the 17th century, allowing us to distinguish French and Spanish Basque sites and material culture. Archaeologists have investigated more than 20 Basque sites and archives mention nearly a hundred. We have identified four periods of Basque presence in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, based on differences in activity, regional focus and the geographic origin of the Basques. For each period, a representative site illustrates differences over time and in space: Red Bay, L’’Anse-à-la-Cave, Petit-Mécatina and Pabos

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The Basques in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1530-1760: An archaeological overview. Brad Loewen, Vincent Delmas. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 436730)

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-16,01

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America