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Against All Odds: The British Siege and the Spanish Defense of Cartagena in 1741 and the Interpretation of Spanish Shipwrecks

Author(s): Juan G. Martin ; Frederick Hanselmann ; Christopher Horrell ; Jose Espinosa

Year: 2014

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Summary

In 1741, British Admiral Edwin Vernon attempted to sack the Spanish colonial town of Cartagena de Indias. Though outmanned and under-gunned, the fragile defensive network established by Blas de Lezo held, thwarting the English attempts. This defensive network is now one aspect of the larger Sunken Ships of Cartagena Project. In 2012 and 2013, marine archaeologists and researchers from the Universidad del Norte en Barranquilla, Texas State University, volunteers from federal institutions, the Instituto Colombiano de Antropología e Historia, and the Colombian Navy began documenting the remains of up to three ships likely associated with the city’s 1741 naval defense. This paper discusses the efforts to document and interpret this submerged cultural heritage which defended against Vernon’s siege. The investigation is the genesis of a partnership to protect and preserve Colombia’s submerged cultural heritage demonstrating that Colombia has the capability to protect its patrimony through collaboration and innovation.


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Against All Odds: The British Siege and the Spanish Defense of Cartagena in 1741 and the Interpretation of Spanish Shipwrecks. Juan G. Martin, Frederick Hanselmann, Christopher Horrell, Jose Espinosa. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 437110)


Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-57,08

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America