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Wet and Dry: the Archaeology of Basque and Inuit Pioneers at Hare harbor, Petit Mecatina, on the Quebec Lower North shore

Author(s): William Fitzhugh ; Erik Phaneuf

Year: 2014

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Summary

Since Red Bay much information on 16th C.Basque whaling has become available. However, few sites have been excavated intensively, and none shed light on post-1600 activities. Hare Harbor-1 provides information on a 17th/early 18th C. fishing station of probable French Basque origin. Like Red Bay, the site offers land and underwater deposits, with the latter especially rich in organic and ceramic remains. The land site includes both Basque and Inuit structures, an industrial charcoal production enterprise, and an absence of try-works. On land, much European material is found in Inuit houses and middens, and Inuit materials are present on European floors. So far, history is mute regarding the identity of the Europeans. The close proximity of European and Inuit structures and combined materials suggest Inuit-European collaboration in a 17/18th C. fishing outpost over a period of a decade or more.


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Cite this Record

Wet and Dry: the Archaeology of Basque and Inuit Pioneers at Hare harbor, Petit Mecatina, on the Quebec Lower North shore. William Fitzhugh, Erik Phaneuf. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 436734)


Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-16,05

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America