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The Northern Inland Trade Route, from the Saguenay to the Ottawa: Building an Hypothesis

Author(s): Jean-François Moreau

Year: 2014

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Summary

Trigger suggested that a web of trade routes in the first half of the 17th century followed the St. Lawrence but also extended northward. New archaeological data since Trigger’s original work show that as soon as the French were present along the St. Lawrence at the beginning of the 17th century, east-west trade of European goods inland to the lower Great Lakes became regular as the fur trade was established. However, Trigger described a different pattern for the 16th century, that is a network of west-east inland trade routes, arching north of the St. Lawrence from the Saguenay to the Ottawa. We may thus ask whether the fur trade induced such a dramatic shift in trading patterns, from the northern route into the St. Lawrence Valley? Part of the answer may lie in a change of actors involved: the 16th century trade mainly involved nomadic hunter-gatherer groups and late sedentary Woodland peoples, while the 17th century trade saw an intensification of European participation, particularly by the French. How do archaeological data reflect this shift over time?


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The Northern Inland Trade Route, from the Saguenay to the Ottawa: Building an Hypothesis. Jean-François Moreau. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 436900)


Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-36,04

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America