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Dating ‘aboiteaux’ with the use of dendroarchaeology : examples for Acadia

Author(s): André Robichaud ; Colin Laroque

Year: 2014

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Summary

Land reclamation of marshlands for farming using ‘aboiteaux’ is a distinctive trait of Acadian culture. The dyke and drainage techniques were used early during colonization at Port-Royal and spread in all Acadian settlements around the Bay of Fundy where saltmarshes abound, particularly at Grand-Pré blessed with a most suitable environment and where settlers developed an extensive and remarkable farming system. After deportation, Acadians that resettled in the Maritimes continued to dyke salt marshes where appropriate and several other aboiteaux systems were built. Many have been lost through time but some still exist today in various states of preservation. Archaeological interest in aboiteaux has grown in the last few decades as old buried sluices were discovered in various areas. However, a major issue in their study is to date them accurately. One efficient method to overcome this problem is dendroarchaeology which uses tree rings to date archaeological objects made of wood. In this paper, we present dendroarchaeological techniques including wood identification along with some case studies from several locations and time periods to illustrate the method


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Dating ‘aboiteaux’ with the use of dendroarchaeology : examples for Acadia. André Robichaud, Colin Laroque. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 437039)


Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-49,08

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America