Revising traditional attributions of some French tin-glazed earthenware through archeological data and geochemical compositions of the bodies
Significant amounts of French tin-glazed earthenware, also known as faience, are found during archaeological excavations of Quebec colonial sites. Those artifacts are usually identified using morpho-stylistic typologies based on subjective criteria. The development of the archaeology of French production sites allowed a better understanding of specific technical characteristics of some manufactures. According to these data and with the help of geochemical compositions of the bodies, i. e. using objective criteria, traditional attributions have been revised. Thus, by establishing reference values based on manufacturing waste from faience factories dumps, the attribution of several collection pieces was revised. For example, some tin-glazed earthenware so far attributed to La Rochelle or Le Croisic were identified as coming from Nevers. These advances are particularly important regarding the material culture studies in the former colonies of the Atlantic. Indeed, they challenge the archaeological typologies and some interpretative models related to the socio-economic organization of the institutions of New France.
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Revising traditional attributions of some French tin-glazed earthenware through archeological data and geochemical compositions of the bodies. Laetitia Metreau, Jean Rosen. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 437329)
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