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Reconciling African Enslavement and Chickasaw Removal

Author(s): Terrance Weik

Year: 2014

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Native American removal from lands east of the Mississippi River is often recounted in narratives that emphasize injustices (e.g. physical stressors of migration). However, the paper-trail documenting the Chickasaw semi-forced migration provides glimpses of people of African descent whose lives were shaped by generations of displacement in captivity. These enslaved migrants made a significant difference in the fortunes of indigenous slaveholders, playing a role in issues such as the amount of land U.S. officials allocated to Chickasaws (based on household headcounts, including slaves). Archaeological research is picking up on the trails of Chickasaws and Africans in Mississippi and Oklahoma, and in the process attempting to reconcile contradictions of interest and historical interpretation. An Archaeology of Chickasaw-African Removal also has the potential to shed light on neglected gender histories and the complexities of identity transformations.

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Reconciling African Enslavement and Chickasaw Removal. Terrance Weik. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. 2014 ( tDAR id: 437358)

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): SYM-80,01

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America