National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - New Boston Air Force Station Archaeological District

Author(s): Robert C. Whetsell

Year: 2004


The New Boston Air Force Station (NBAFS) Archaeological District is a time capsule of New Hampshire and New England history. The 2,826-acre District contains a diverse and wide-ranging array of archaeological sites and structures representative of human occupation of the region beginning with the Archaic Period (10,000-3,000 B.P.) and ending with the use of the land as a bombing range during World War II and the early Cold War periods of U.S. history. The district is like no other archaeological district in the region because of its size, quality of preservation, and association with important events and periods in local, state, and regional history. Contained within the district and making it a cohesive unit are significant cultural properties associated with the early settlement, agriculture, and industry, as well as prehistoric/historic archaeology, architecture, engineering, transportation, education, and social and military history. As a result, the district has great potential to provide important contextual information and knowledge about various topics of New Hampshire history. The district will make significant contribution to the understanding of New Hampshire prehistory, early settlement and land use patterns, agricultural history, rural farmstead development and architecture, early industrial history of Hillsborough County, material culture and trade in rural farmsteads communities, engineering and transportation history, New Hampshire’s World War II and Cold War military history, and in areas of New Hampshire social history topics, such as the Underground Railroad and the Abolition Movement.

Cite this Record

National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - New Boston Air Force Station Archaeological District. Robert C. Whetsell. 2004 ( tDAR id: 438078) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8438078


Archaic Euroamerican Historic

Site Name
27-HB-233 27-HB-234 27-HB-235 27-HB-236 27-HB-237 27-HB-238 27-HB-239 27-HB-240 27-HB-241 27-HB-242 27-HB-243 27-HB-244 27-HB-245 27-HB-246 27-HB-247 27-HB-248 27-HB-249 27-HB-250 27-HB-251 27-HB-252 27-HB-253 27-HB-254 27-HB-255 27-HB-256 27-HB-257 27-HB-258 27-HB-259 27-HB-260 27-HB-261 27-HB-262 27-HB-263 27-HB-264 27-HB-265 27-HB-266 27-HB-346 27-HB-347 27-HB-348 27-HB-349 27-HB-350 27-HB-351 27-HB-352 27-HB-353 27-HB-355 27-HB-356 27-HB-357 Avenger TMB-1C Crash Site B. Fairfield House Barnard & Jones/Harvell Mill Bldg. 100 Bldg. 102 Bldg. 103 Bldg. 105 Bldg. 106 Bldg. 107 Bldg. 108 Bldg. 109 Bldg. 111 Bldg. 113 Bldg. 118 Bldg. 120 Bldg. 122 Bldg. 130 Bldg. 131 Bldg. 132 Bldg. 133 Bldg. 134 Bldg. 135 Bldg. 140 Bldg. 141 Bldg. 142 Bldg. 143 Bldg. 144 Bldg. 148 Bldg. 153 Bldg. 154 Bldg. 155 Bldg. 156 Bldg. 157 Bldg. 158 Bldg. 160 Bldg. 161 Bldg. 164 Bldg. 212 Bldg. 250 Bldg. 251 Bldg. 252 Bldg. 253 Bldg. 254 Bldg. 255 Bldg. 256 Bldg. 257 Bldg. 258 Bldg. 259 Bldg. 260 Bldg. 301 Bldg. 501 Bldg. 502 Campbell Farm East Meadow G. Jones Farm Hadlock Farm J. Haseltine Farm J. Roby Farm Jones House Luther Melendy Farm Mack Hill Road Mack Hill Road Bridge Marshall Farm Mason Farm P.W.J. Melendy Farm Pierce House Roby Dam T-236 WWII Range Building Wells Blog Wm. Melendy Farm Show More

Site Type
Bombing Range Target Area Bridge Commercial or Industrial Structures Dam Dump Farmstead Military observation tower Mill Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Storage Water Control Feature

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Historic Background Research

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1700 to 1941 (Pre-WWII era Historic Sites)

Calendar Date: 1793 to 1883 (Residency of Luther Melendy, abolitionist)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -72.713; min lat: 42.864 ; max long: -70.746; max lat: 43.914 ;

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
NBAFS_NRHP-Nomination-Form__OCR_PDFA.pdf 33.49mb Sep 13, 2017 3:37:19 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

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Contact(s): New Boston Air Force Station