National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - New Boston Air Force Station Archaeological District

Author(s): Robert C. Whetsell

Year: 2004


The New Boston Air Force Station (NBAFS) Archaeological District is a time capsule of New Hampshire and New England history. The 2,826-acre District contains a diverse and wide-ranging array of archaeological sites and structures representative of human occupation of the region beginning with the Archaic Period (10,000-3,000 B.P.) and ending with the use of the land as a bombing range during World War II and the early Cold War periods of U.S. history. The district is like no other archaeological district in the region because of its size, quality of preservation, and association with important events and periods in local, state, and regional history. Contained within the district and making it a cohesive unit are significant cultural properties associated with the early settlement, agriculture, and industry, as well as prehistoric/historic archaeology, architecture, engineering, transportation, education, and social and military history. As a result, the district has great potential to provide important contextual information and knowledge about various topics of New Hampshire history. The district will make significant contribution to the understanding of New Hampshire prehistory, early settlement and land use patterns, agricultural history, rural farmstead development and architecture, early industrial history of Hillsborough County, material culture and trade in rural farmsteads communities, engineering and transportation history, New Hampshire’s World War II and Cold War military history, and in areas of New Hampshire social history topics, such as the Underground Railroad and the Abolition Movement.

Cite this Record

National Register of Historic Places Registration Form - New Boston Air Force Station Archaeological District. Robert C. Whetsell. 2004 ( tDAR id: 438078) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8438078

This Resource is Part of the Following Collections


Archaic Euroamerican Historic

Site Name
27-HB-233 27-HB-234 27-HB-235 27-HB-236 27-HB-237 27-HB-238 27-HB-239 27-HB-240 27-HB-241 27-HB-242 27-HB-243 27-HB-244 27-HB-245 27-HB-246 27-HB-247 27-HB-248 27-HB-249 27-HB-250 27-HB-251 27-HB-252 27-HB-253 27-HB-254 27-HB-255 27-HB-256 27-HB-257 Show More

Site Type
Bombing Range Target Area Bridge Commercial or Industrial Structures Dam Dump Farmstead Military observation tower Mill Resource Extraction / Production / Transportation Structure or Features Road Road, Trail, and Related Structures or Features Storage Water Control Feature

Investigation Types
Archaeological Overview Historic Background Research

Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1700 to 1941 (Pre-WWII era Historic Sites)

Calendar Date: 1793 to 1883 (Residency of Luther Melendy, abolitionist)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -72.713; min lat: 42.864 ; max long: -70.746; max lat: 43.914 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): James Wilde

Landowner(s): New Boston Air Force Station

Prepared By(s): United States Department of the Interior, National Park Service

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
NBAFS_NRHP-Nomination-Form__OCR_PDFA.pdf 33.49mb Sep 13, 2017 3:37:19 PM Confidential
This file is unredacted.

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): James Wilde