The Natural and Cultural Environmental Resources of the Aquilla Creek Watershed, Hill County, Texas

Author(s): S. Alan Skinner

Year: 1972


This report describes the findings of an archaeological site survey within the Aquilla Creek Watershed in Hill County, Texas. One hundred and twenty-five prehistoric sites were recorded during the survey which was concentrated in the area along Aquilla and Hackberry Creeks between State Highway 22 and Aquilla, Texas. Additional information about other archaeological sites within the watershed was provided by amateur archaeologists. Site testing was not included within the scope of the study.

The Aquilla Creek Watershed is located in central Texas within the southern portion of the Central Brazos River Basin. The watershed has a maximum length of 41 miles and a maximum width of 16 miles. Terrain within the watershed can be described as rolling and hilly with narrow valleys and streams which are moderately entrenched. The Eastern Cross Timbers, Blackland Prairie and Grand Prairie physiographic areas interdigitate and form an ecotone within the watershed, thereby making considerable environmental variation available within short distance.

The site survey reported herein was undertaken for the purpose of evaluating the cultural resources of this area with regard to the impact that construction of the proposed lake will have upon them. The report concludes with recommendations for salvage excavations which are needed in order to recover cultural information about the prehistoric occupation of the Aquilla Creek Watershed before construction is begun.

Cite this Record

The Natural and Cultural Environmental Resources of the Aquilla Creek Watershed, Hill County, Texas. S. Alan Skinner. 1972 ( tDAR id: 447043) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8447043


Early Archaic Late Archaic Middle Archaic PaleoIndian

Chipped Stone Fauna Ground Stone Shell

Site Name
41HI100 41HI101 41HI102 41HI103 41HI104 41HI105 41HI106 41HI107 41HI108 41HI109 41HI110 41HI111 41HI112 41HI113 41HI114 41HI115 41HI116 41HI117 41HI118 41HI119 41HI120 41HI121 41HI122 41HI123 41HI124 41HI125 41HI126 41HI127 41HI128 41HI129 41HI130 41HI131 41HI132 41HI133 41HI134 41HI135 41HI136 41HI137 41HI138 41HI139 41HI140 41HI141 41HI142 41HI143 41HI144 41HI145 41HI146 41HI147 41HI148 41HI149 41HI150 41HI151 41HI152 41HI153 41HI154 41HI155 41HI31 41HI32 41HI33 41HI34 41HI35 41HI36 41HI37 41HI38 41HI39 41HI40 41HI41 41HI42 41HI43 41HI44 41HI45 41HI46 41HI47 41HI48 41HI49 41HI50 41HI51 41HI52 41HI53 41HI54 41HI55 41HI56 41HI57 41HI58 41HI59 41HI60 41HI61 41HI62 41HI63 41HI64 41HI65 41HI66 41HI67 41HI68 41HI69 41HI70 41HI71 41HI72 41HI73 41HI74 41HI75 41HI76 41HI77 41HI78 41HI79 41HI80 41HI81 41HI82 41HI83 41HI84 41HI85 41HI86 41HI87 41HI88 41HI89 41HI90 41HI91 41HI92 41HI93 41HI94 41HI95 41HI96 41HI97 41HI98 41HI99 Show More

Site Type
Domestic Structure or Architectural Complex Encampment

Spatial Coverage

min long: -97.381; min lat: 31.828 ; max long: -96.827; max lat: 32.229 ;

Record Identifiers

Contrat No.(s): DACW 63-72-C-0105

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Aquilla-Creek-Watershed--Hill-County--TX---Skinner--1972_OCR_P... 3.43mb Nov 2, 2018 12:38:54 PM Confidential

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): US Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise for the Curation and Management of Archaeological Collections, St. Louis District