Archaeological Research at Proposed Cooper Lake, Northeast Texas 1974-1975

Author(s): Karen Doehner; Richard E. Larson

Year: 1977


Testing at four and excavation of two prehistoric sites has revealed new information about the aboriginal settlement of the South Sulphur River Basin. Sites located in and immediately adjacent to the river floowplain have been shown to be functionally similar. Extensive excavation of the Arnold Site and the Ranger Site has revealed that larger artifact samples bear out the same functional attributes as shown through the limited testing of sites within the lake area. The collection of a large faunal assemblage from the Arnold Site has shown that contrary to expectations, the site was occupied during all seasons. The site contains a cemetery area with 12 individuals, and the deposit appears to have built up over several hundred years. Occupation of the Sulphur River floodplain environs was apparently more intense than previously understood, and the postulated bottomland flooding does not seem to have been a major hindrance to floodplain occupation. The regional settlement pattern remains to be evaluated after conducting an investigation of sites located in the uplands. However, current evidence suggests that the Cooper Lake area represents either the location of a marginal Caddoan development or the location of only part of a settlement/subsistence system.

Cite this Record

Archaeological Research at Proposed Cooper Lake, Northeast Texas 1974-1975. Karen Doehner, Richard E. Larson. 1977 ( tDAR id: 447052) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8447052

Spatial Coverage

min long: -95.891; min lat: 33.068 ; max long: -95.381; max lat: 33.427 ;

Record Identifiers

Contract(s): CX7000-5-0238

Contract (s): CX5880-6-0020

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
Archaeological-Research-at-Proposed-Cooper-Lake--Northeast-Tex... 92.48mb Nov 2, 2018 12:46:54 PM Confidential

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): US Army Corps of Engineers Mandatory Center of Expertise for the Curation and Management of Archaeological Collections, St. Louis District