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Perishable: Willow Mat AZRU8-3408

Creator(s): Laurie Webster

Year: 2006

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Willow Mat, Accession AZRU-00008, Catalog #3408. Morris FS 5551. Analyzed by Laurie Webster, 2006. Small, rectangular willow mat threaded with 8 rows of 2S-Z AND 2(2Z-S)Z yucca cordage. The cords are tied in overhand knots at both ends. The cords at one end extend beyond the knots and may have served as handles. One side is complete, the other broken. Element diameter = 0.8-0.9 CM. Measurements: L 19.0, W 78.0 CM. Images: AZRU8-3408 A: sewn willow mat in drawer. AZRU8-3408 B: sewn willow mat in drawer 2. AZRU8-3408 C: detail showing short length of mat. AZRU8-3408 D: knotted cords along finished edge. AZRU8-3408 E: knotted cords and cordage, possible handle. Recovered from Earl Morris' excavation of Room 180, Aztec West Ruin. Morris described Room 180 as “fallen into ruin [before the later occupation of Aztec Ruin]. The partial excavation of this chamber revealed the first story filled with detritus from the upper walls, including the well-preserved, though broken, timbers, apparently of two ceilings…Visible in it, through the door leading into Room 147, were long slender pine poles and portions of willow mats, some of them with a striped color effect produced by alternating series of white peeled sticks with series of dark brown unpeeled ones. Extending from the upper limit of the debris to 5 feet above the level of the second floor at the west side and 7 feet at the east, was a refuse deposit containing a large number artifacts and Burials Nos. 89-101” (Morris1928:378).

Reference: Earl Morris, 1928, Notes on Excavations in the Aztec Ruin, Volume XXVI, Part V, Anthropological Papers of the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Cite this Record

Perishable: Willow Mat AZRU8-3408. Laurie Webster. 2006. Aztec Ruins National Monument ( tDAR id: 374010) ; doi:10.6067/XCV85T3HMK


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1110 to 1140 (Late Chacoan)

Calendar Date: 1140 to 1280 (Post-Chacoan)

Spatial Coverage

min long: -108.038; min lat: 36.803 ; max long: -107.955; max lat: 36.861 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Gary Brown

Contributor(s): Lori Reed ; Anne Grulich ; Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, NM ; Aztec Ruins National Monument

Principal Investigator(s): Laurie Webster

Repository(s): American Museum of Natural History, New York City, NY


Rights & Attribution: Artifact was collected from Aztec West Ruin excavations by Earl Morris between 1916 and 1922. Morris' excavations were sponsored and funded by the American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Rights & Attribution: High resolution images of the item are archived and available to researchers through the National Park Service, Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Rights & Attribution: Publication or use of the image is restricted; permission may be obtained through consultation with American Museum of Natural History and Aztec Ruins National Monument.

Source Collections

Original Item: Property of American Museum of Natural History, New York.
Image: NPS, Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico
Original Item: Housed at Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

Related Comparative Collections

Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Hibben Center, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque
Aztec Ruins Collections housed at American Museum of Natural History, New York
Aztec Ruins Collections housed at Aztec Ruins National Monument, Aztec, New Mexico

File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
azru8-3408-e.jpg 365.42kb Jan 31, 2012 10:08:13 AM Public
azru8-3408-b.jpg 329.37kb Jan 31, 2012 10:08:30 AM Public
azru8-3408-c.jpg 379.48kb Jan 31, 2012 10:08:39 AM Public
azru8-3408-d.jpg 294.28kb Jan 31, 2012 10:08:52 AM Public
azru8-3408-a.jpg 287.18kb Dec 30, 2011 12:24:21 PM Public
Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America