Phase III Archaeological Investigations on the Bull Hill Run Site 44PG316, Fort Lee (FL1989.002)
Site 44PG316 is a small multi-component prehistoric site located along Bull Hill Run in Prince George County, Virginia. Excavations identified occupations dating from the Late Archaic/Transitional through Late Woodland periods. Although natural disturbance in the form of flood scouring was noted, the site has remained unplowed and some stratigraphic separation of cultural material was present. Artifacts and floral remains recovered suggest that the exploitation of acorns and other plant foods was a major activity during most of the occupations. The excavations uncovered a large number of subsurface features. Among these features were a number of large shallow basin features interpreted as acorn leaching pits. A series of post features representing three individual structures were also uncovered. The largest of these was radiocarbon dated to the Late Woodland. A second, slightly smaller but similar house probably also dates to the Late Woodland. A third structure, consisting of an open windbreak is associated with an earlier Late Woodland occupation. Structures, particularly on smaller sites, are very rare In the archaeological record of the area. The finds are considered very significant and potentially unique for eastern Virginia. Investigations on 44PG316 provided important information concerning exploitation of local resources as well as insights into changing settlement patterns during the Woodland period.
This project contains the site report, an artifact catalog and results of the examination of vertebrate faunal remains with accompanying field notes and radiocarbon sample data sheets.
Cite this Record
Phase III Archaeological Investigations on the Bull Hill Run Site 44PG316, Fort Lee (FL1989.002). ( tDAR id: 392560) ; doi:10.6067/XCV82J6DBW
This Resource is Part of the Following Collections
min long: -77.372; min lat: 37.223 ; max long: -77.294; max lat: 37.27 ;
Individual & Institutional Roles
Contact(s): Patty Conte
Contributor(s): Virginia Commonwealth University Archaeological Research Center; Beta Analytic, Inc.; Douglas C. McLearen; Dagmar von Toal; Catherine Poole; Andrew Wichorek; George Lynch; Lee Brice; Bruce Rogers; Barbara Drummond
Field Director(s): Frederick Barker
Project Director(s): Christopher P. Egghart
Collaborator(s): Virginia Department of Transportation
Repository(s): Fort Lee Regional Archaeological Curation Facility
Radiocarbon Sample Code Number(s): 44PG316-F-34; 44PG316-F-13A; 44PG316-Structure 1; 44PG316-F-1; 4PG316-F-24
Accession Number (s): FL1989.002
Project Number(s): 0095-074-101, C503, C506
Resources Inside this Project (Viewing 1-3 of 3)
Examination of Vertebrate Faunal Remains & C14 Radiocarbon Results, Site 44PG316, Fort Lee (1989)
This document contains results of the examination of vertebrate faunal remains from Bull Hill Run Site, 44PG316, with accompanying field notes and radiocarbon sample data sheets.
Phase III Archaeological Investigations on the Bull Hill Run Site (44PG316), A Multi-Component Prehistoric Site in Prince George County, Virginia (1989)
This report presents the findings of the Phase III Investigation of site 44PG316 in Prince George County, Virginia. The site was first identified during land clearing activities associated with the construction of US Route 295. The Virginia Commonwealth University Archaeological Research Center (VCU-ARC) entered a contractual agreement with the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) to conduct archaeological testing. The initial goals of the investigation were to asses the size and...
Artifact Catalog, Bull Hill Run Site 44PG316, Fort Lee (2012)
This resource contains an inventory of artifacts excavated at the Bull Hill Run Site, 44PG316, located at Fort Lee, Virginia.