North America: Midwest (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (171 Records)

A 3D Geometric Morphometric Comparison of Bone Surface Modifications on Proboscidean Assemblages from the Western Great Lakes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolina Gonzalez. Jake Harris. Curtis Marean. Daniel Joyce. Erik Otárola-Castillo.

This is an abstract from the "Novel Statistical Techniques in Archaeology I (QUANTARCH I)" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Currently, an alarming number of plants and animals are on the brink of extinction due to habitat loss caused by human activities and climate change. Though numerically unprecedented, this may not be the first instance of a human-driven mass extinction. For decades, scholars have hypothesized that human predation led to the...


Analyzing Stress, Discovering Cooperation: A case study of a Late Archaic sample from the Green River region of Kentucky (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna-Marie Casserly. Briana Moore.

This is an abstract from the "Cooperative Bodies: Bioarchaeology and Non-ranked Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. While considerable portions of bioarchaeological work have been dedicated to examining evidence of violence and conflict, little research has been devoted to understanding collaboration in the past. Analysis of stress biomarkers, particularly that which utilizes an osteobiographical approach, provides one potential avenue for...


Approaching Monument Diversity in the Woodland Societies of the Central Scioto Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Timothy Everhart.

The Woodland societies of the central Scioto Valley are renowned for various aspects of their ceremonial practices. Among the better known are craft production of ornate works from exotic materials and the erection of vast monumental landscapes. Those construction practices led to monuments with an incredible diversity of form, scale, and organization. This variability is yet difficult to explain, with the existing explanations differing widely and being inter-related with various other social...


Archaeology for the People: Community-Based Research, Hands-On Education, and their Place in Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cailey Mullins.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology Education: Building a Research Base" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archaeology has long captured the minds of the public, but it has not always been as open to community involvement as it could be. How could the field change if our research was run by, with, and for communities? How can archaeology shape the minds of young people through educational programs? When used in a hands-on educational manner,...


Archaic Copper Economy and Exchange in the Western Great Lakes: A Comparative Study from Two Wisconsin Localities (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Ahlrichs.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This research presents the results of an analysis of a large privately curated collection of Archaic period (Old Copper Complex) copper from the Western Great Lakes. Results from metric, LA-ICP-MS chemical characterization, and radiometric dating analyses will be presented. The data set is drawn from a collection of over 2000 formal copper tools recovered by a...


Artifact Highlights from the Yeo Site (23CL199): A Kansas City Hopewell Site (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Melissa Frederick. Grace Gronniger.

The St. Louis Veterans Curation Program has close to 50 investigations currently being processed in our lab. One of these investigations is from the Smithville Lake Project area in the Kansas City District. This investigation alone contains materials from 27 different sites including the Yeo Site (23CL199) and dates from the late 6th to 7th century A.D. The site was excavated by Kansas State University archaeologists ca. July 1976 and this past year, veteran technicians began processing the...


Assessing Continuity and Change in Paleoindian Landscape use through Time in Indiana: Implications for site Predictive Modeling (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward Herrmann. Mackenzie Cory.

This is an abstract from the "Geoarchaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The recent completion of the Indiana State Historic Preservation Office’s SHAARD database provides researchers with a comprehensive site archive that includes site locations, projectile point typologies, raw material types, and a marginal record of site details. We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to analyze the distribution of over six hundred Early, Middle, and...


Assessing Our Impact: An Examination of the Role of Historic Preservation in the Gentrification of Urban Centers in the Midwestern United States (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Huntley.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Over the past few decades urban centers, especially in the Midwestern United States, have experienced "revitalizations" that have completely altered the socio-political and ethnic make-ups of these cities. While historic preservation does not always play a role in the gentrification of cities—especially in urban locations were the emphasis has been placed on...


Assessing the Distribution of Limestone Temper in Southern Ohio (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley Rutkoski. Michelle Bebber.

The earliest known occurrence of limestone temper usage in Ohio began sometime during the Middle Woodland Period, and becomes common in Late Woodland cave sites in the southern part of the state. However, little is known about the overall temporal and geographic distribution of this temper type. Toward this end, we analyze pottery throughout the southern Ohio Woodland period by assessing it with hydrochloric acid (HCl) for the presence or absence of limestone. The results of this examination...


Aztalan from the Perspective of Institutions of Social Relatedness (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lynne Goldstein.

This is an abstract from the "Kin, Clan, and House: Social Relatedness in the Archaeology of North American Societies" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The archaeological site of Aztalan is located between the modern cities of Milwaukee and Madison, Wisconsin, and is commonly identified as Mississippian, dating to about AD 1000. The site has been known since the 1800s, and many amateur and professional archaeologists have excavated there. Much of...


Beer, Bologna, and Beaux-Esprits: A Legacy of John R. White (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only David Parker.

This paper discusses the public engagement of the late Dr. John R White through stories, observations, and news media. White, who passed away in 2009, had been an archaeologist at Youngstown State University, where he led excavations, gave interviews, and presented the past since 1971. For many residents of the Mahoning Valley, White was a fixture, often teaching archaeology to his students, then later their children, and finally the grandchildren over the course of four decades. Not content to...


The Bethel Cemetery Relocation Project: Academic Collaboration, Archaeological Science, and CRM (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan Peterson. Alex Badillo. Joshua Meyers. Jeremy Wilson.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeological Science Outside the Ivory Tower: Perspectives from CRM" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Bethel Cemetery project combined the best of what the CRM and University communities have to offer, while documenting, exhuming, and relocating over 500 graves from a 19th century cemetery in Indianapolis, IN on an aggressive schedule. Over 30 professionals from the University of Indianapolis and IUPUI were...


Bethel Cemetery: Photogrammetric Field Methods in Burial Excavation (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Myers. Alex Badillo.

This is an abstract from the "Towards a Standardization of Photogrammetric Methods in Archaeology: A Conversation about 'Best Practices' in An Emerging Methodology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. During the summer of 2018, cultural resource management professionals, in collaboration with local universities, relocated a nineteenth-century cemetery from an urban setting, as a component of planned infrastructure expansion by the Indianapolis...


Bones at the End of River Street: A Graphic Ethnography of a Bridge in Lansing, Michigan (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amanda Garrison.

There are bones of a bridge in Lansing exposed on the muddy banks of the Grand. In this cityscape, a "Sortatropolis", a once urban space now emaciated and exhausted. There would have been nothing special about this bridge to make its 1987 demolition, its absence, a remarkable tragedy, except that its disappearance can be directly connected to the long exhale of this once thriving capital. The Sortatropolis is haunted by the ghosts of auto industry moguls, lumber barons, and boot-strapping...


Bound to the Western Waters: Searching for Lewis and Clark at Ft. Kaskaskia, Illinois (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Wagner. Ryan Campbell.

Lewis and Clark recruited 11 soldiers from the small US Army outpost of Ft. Kaskaskia (1802-1807), Illinois, in 1803 to join their expedition to explore the American west. This event traditionally has been identified as having occurred at a 1750s French fort of the same name. The 2017 SIU summer field school investigations within the fort walls including the use of LIDAR, GPR, and hand excavations revealed that the fort is primarily a single component French construction dating to the mid-1700s...


Building Village Communities: Early Fort Ancient Villages in the Ohio Valley (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marcus Schulenburg.

The Fort Ancient Period (AD 1000-1700) saw the introduction of formal villages to the peoples of the Middle Ohio Valley. To help understand the transition to full time sedentary villages, this paper explores how these new villages operated as communities. This allows for an examination of the relationship between communities and villages as concepts and as organizational units. This paper uses the Guard Village site (12D29), an Early Fort Ancient village, as a case study to examine this new form...


The Burgess-Williams Site: An Early Euro-American Settlement on Grand Island (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Emma Meyer.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeological Method and Theory: Papers in Honor of James M. Skibo, Part I" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Burgess-Williams Site on Grand Island, Michigan, is a mid-nineteenth-century homestead located on the south shore of Lake Superior. The 2009 and 2010 field seasons produced over two thousand artifacts that have provided data for the continuing study of the frontier settlement of the island. The analysis...


Burning Down the House: Evidence for Controlled and Uncontrolled Structure Fires among the Late Woodland and Mississippian Settlements at the Orendorf Site in Fulton County, Illinois (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrea Alveshere.

The Orendorf site (11F107), located on a bluff overlooking the central Illinois River valley, comprises a mound group and a series of Late Woodland and Mississippian habitations. The occupation of the site is characterized by a gradual migration of the community to the west through successive abandonment and rebuilding. Burned structures have been found in all Orendorf settlements, and at least two of the abandonments followed complete burning of all structures. Intensive salvage excavations of...


Cahokia After Dark: Affect, Water, and the Moon (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Susan M. Alt.

This is an abstract from the "After Dark: The Nocturnal Urban Landscape & Lightscape of Ancient Cities" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Cahokia may not be the first place to come to mind when thinking about urbanism, but given new thinking and discoveries from a series of major excavations at and around this novel kind of city, views about the causes and consequences of American Indian urbanism are substantially changing. In part this is because...


A Change of Hearth: Stages of Production in Hot-Rock Technology at a Late Woodland Rockshelter (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Luke Stroth. Rebekah Truhan. Jacob Foubert.

This paper applies the chaîne opératoire analytical framework to hearth maintenance behavior. There are distinct phases of production involved in creating and maintaining a hearth, as new hearthstones are introduced, exhausted, and discarded. These stages may be identified through spatial distribution of new and exhausted hearthstones. The authors argue that these stages may also be identified geochemically. We use pXRF to compare a series of experimental burnings to those from a hearth feature...


Changes and Reactions: Hunting and Gathering by Agriculturalist in the Woodland Period (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Enloe.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeology on the Edge(s): Transitions, Boundaries, Changes, and Causes" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In the midcontinent of North America, the transition from the Archaic to the Woodland Period is generally signaled in the archaeological record by the presence of ceramics and the adoption of agriculture, particularly of low yield indigenous plants including barley grass, goosefoot, sunflower, and squash during the...


Chiasin (The Big Rock): Mementos of Identity (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patrick Lawton.

The story of Chesaning begins long before the first historic documents; the village’s name originating from a massive stone pushed from Ontario by glaciers. This memento, known as the Big Rock, or "Chiasin" in the Anishinabe language was and continues to be an unmistakable feature on the landscape. According to pioneer histories, Chiasin was a place of prehistoric corn feasts and ceremonies. However, when visited in 1837, one such source reports a haunting lack of people. Where had the people of...


Chronologies of Paleoindian Site Distributions and Raw Material Use in Indiana: An Analysis of State-level Data (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward Herrmann. Mackenzie Cory. Katie Hunt. John Flood. Josh Myers.

In this paper, we present an analysis of all recorded Paleoindian sites in Indiana and place them in a diachronic framework. Our findings are part of a long-term project to construct a Geographic Information Systems database of Paleoindian sites that can be queried for data relevant to a better understanding of the Paleoindian presence in Indiana. Preliminary data indicate that time-transgressive differences exist for where Paleoindians placed themselves on the landscape, and for how...


Chronology of a Fortified Mississippian Village in the Central Illinois River Valley (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anthony Krus. Edward Herrmann. Matthew Pike. G. William Monaghan. Jeremy Wilson.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Geophysical survey and excavations from 2010–2016 at Lawrenz Gun Club (11CS4), a late pre-Columbian village located in the central Illinois River valley in Illinois, identified 10 mounds, a central plaza, and dozens of structures enclosed within a stout 10 hectare bastioned palisade. Nineteen radiocarbon measurements were taken from single entities of wood...


Clovis and the Chronology of Megafaunal Extinctions in the Southern Great Lakes (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew G. Hill.

This is an abstract from the "Human Interactions with Extinct Fauna" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Over 40 unpublished AMS results on Rangifer, Cervalces, Bootherium, and Ovibos combined with ~80 published assays for Mammuthus and Mammut are used to profile extinction of these taxa in the Southern Great Lakes. At least one result for each of these taxa falls in the Clovis time period, except for Ovibos. Numerous dates for Mammut and Cervalces...