Assessing Continuity and Change in Paleoindian Landscape use through Time in Indiana: Implications for site Predictive Modeling
This is an abstract from the "Geoarchaeology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.
The recent completion of the Indiana State Historic Preservation Office’s SHAARD database provides researchers with a comprehensive site archive that includes site locations, projectile point typologies, raw material types, and a marginal record of site details. We use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to analyze the distribution of over six hundred Early, Middle, and Late Paleoindian sites that have been previously recorded in Indiana. We map site distributions relative to regional chert sources and potential travel corridors using least cost paths to highlight likely mobility patterns. These data, combined with local site and projectile point types, support an argument for multiple macrobands in the state and show the process of settling in, particularly during the Late Paleoindian Period. Site distributions along highly productive resource areas, overland travel corridors, and high rates of local chert use suggest that even Early Paleoindians were well aware of local resources.
Cite this Record
Assessing Continuity and Change in Paleoindian Landscape use through Time in Indiana: Implications for site Predictive Modeling. Edward Herrmann, Mackenzie Cory. Presented at The 84th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Albuquerque, NM. 2019 ( tDAR id: 450775)
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min long: -103.975; min lat: 36.598 ; max long: -80.42; max lat: 48.922 ;
Abstract Id(s): 23327