South America: Patagonia and Southern Cone (Geographic Keyword)

1-25 (28 Records)

Big Pictures, Broad Questions, and Archaeological Knowledge along the Steppe and the Forest in the Southern Argentinean Patagonia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juan Belardi. Flavia Carballo Marina. Patricia Campan.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Luis Alberto Borrero changed the way archaeological knowledge was produced in Southern Patagonia (and beyond). We consider three analytical units that underlie his legacy: the landscape, the...


A Biogeographic Approach to Hunter-Gatherer Dispersion Constraints in Northern Patagonia (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gustavo Neme. Adolfo Gil. Laura Salgan. Miguel Giardina. Clara Otaola.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Northwest Patagonia late Holocene human occupation was almost a "barrier" against farmer dispersion, at least during the last 1500 years BP. The causes for this remain unclear and are...


Biogeographic Barriers, Marginality and Explicit Analytical Scales in the Northern Archipelago of Western Patagonia, Chile. (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Omar Reyes. César Méndez.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The last decade of archaeological research in the coast of northwestern Patagonia, specifically in the Chonos Archipelago (43°-46° S), has been profoundly influenced by theoretical...


Ceramic Diversity in Hunter-Gatherers Societies from Atuel River Basin, Argentina (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nuria Sugrañes. Gustavo Neme.

Hunter-Gatherers from Southern Mendoza started to use ceramic at 2000 years BP, and it starts to diversified rapidly in each environment. Such diversity shows a contrast between highlands and lowlands tipologies. According to Lagiglia, this ceramic diversity was motivated for exchange between agricultural communities from western side of Andes and northern Mendoza. In this poster, we present new ceramic information from six archaeological sites located in the Atuel river basin. This information...


Chronology of the Human Occupation of the North-western Channels of Patagonia (43°-46° S), Chile (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Omar Reyes. Cesar Méndez. Manuel J. San Román.

We present results of a systematic radiocarbon dating program carried out in the Chonos archipelago, the northernmost part of the channels of western Patagonia. Eighty-six samples obtained from a variety of archaeological sites, including: strata beneath organic soils, open-air shell middens, caves and rock shelters, individual burials and ossuaries, and modern industrial extraction shell middens, were analyzed. The chronological and spatial distribution of dates along with the analyzed...


Colonial Borderlands and Conflicting Landscapes in Colonial Chile (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Beatriz Marin-Aguilera.

This is an abstract from the "Contested Landscapes: The Archaeology of Politics, Borders, and Movement" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Chile was the most important and complex borderland of the Spanish Empire (1550–1818), in which colonial power and indigenous resistance were contested over centuries. Control over this frontier was of vital importance for the Spaniards because the main Pacific harbour was located there. The indigenous people,...


Colonization of the Southern Tip of the World (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Atilio Zangrando. Angélica Tivoli.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In the last years of the 1980s, Luis Borrero elaborated an archaeological model of the peopling of Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego which still prevails. In particular, this model provides...


The Development of Hydroelectric Power over Ancestral Land in Chilean Patagonia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ruby Kerwin. Sarah Klassen.

Chile is largely reliant on fossil fuels for energy and is working to transition to more renewable energy sources, specifically hydroelectric power. As part of this initiative, the state is proposing the construction of five hydropower dams in southern Chile. In this paper, we analyze the potential impact of this project on the ancestral land of the Mapuche. The Mapuche have been resisting the modern Chilean state’s approach to water and power and are fighting for land rights and the...


Diet Among Marine Hunter-Gatherer-Fishers of the Northern Patagonian Channels (41°50’- 47° S): Assessing Plant Use and Consumption through Dental Calculus Studies (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carolina Belmar. Omar Reyes. Ximena Albornoz. Flavia Morello Repetto. Manuel J. San Román.

In the western Patagonian channels, the archaeofaunistic record, technological and isotopic studies show subsistence strategies based on fishing, hunting and gathering of marine resources. Unfortunately the consumption of plant resources still has not been assessed for this area and the consumption of C3 plants is hard to detect though these type of analysis. Our aim is to evaluate the consumption of wild and domesticated plants and parafunctional use of the teeth for the processing of plant...


Distributional Archaeology in the Steppes on North Patagonia (Río Negro Province, Argentina) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gustavo Martinez. Florencia Santos Valero. Erika Borges Vaz. Luciana Stoessel. Gustavo Flensborg.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. One of the most important legacies of Dr. L.A. Borrero to the archeology of Patagonia has been the application of distributional approaches. The objective of this paper is to present...


From the Forest to the Steppe: Mobility Strategies of Late-Marine Hunters (Alacaluf) in the Strait of Magellan, Chile (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Manuel J. San Román. Flavia Morello. Victor Sierpe. María José Barrientos. Jimena Torres.

This is an abstract from the "Human Behavioral Ecology at the Coastal Margins: Global Perspectives on Coastal & Maritime Adaptations" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this paper we discuss the characteristics of marine hunter-gatherer peopling (Alakaluf) in the Strait of Magellan (52°30'- 54°00'S) during the last 2000 radiocarbon years. Focusing on zooarchaeological information and other sources of evidence, we evaluated the modalities of use of...


The Geoarchaeology of Megamammal Survival in the Argentine Pampas (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gustavo Politis. Cristian Favier Dubois. Pablo Messineo.

While most of the South American archaeological sites with extinct megamammals have produced Late Pleistocene ages (12,000 to 10,000 14C years BP), a few locations in the Pampas region have been dated well into the Early Holocene. Among these, Campo Laborde and La Moderna, two kill/scavenging and processing sites in the border of ancient swamps have provided 11 taxon dates (Megatherium americanum and Doedicurus clavicaudatus) which range between 9730 and 6550 14C years BP. Recent excavations in...


Human Demography and Ecosystems: Comparative Approach of Human Age-at-Death Profiles from Northpatagonia (Southern Mendoza, Argentina) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eva Peralta. Leandro Luna. Claudia Aranda. Adolfo Gil.

The aim of this presentation is to provide information about human age-at-death profiles in order to understand the environmental/demographic dynamics of pre-Hispanic people from Southern Mendoza. Burials from 20 archaeological sites are included in age-at-death profiles, which are compared to discern regional particularities. This is a transitional area between hunter-gatherers groups and farming populations. The presentation evaluates if the introduction of domesticated resources in the diet...


Human-Environment System Change and Stability in the Farming/Hunter-Gatherer Transition (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adolfo Gil. Gustavo Neme. Maria de la Paz Pompei. Laura Salgan. Nuria Sugrañes.

This is an abstract from the "Global Perspectives on Climate-Human Population Dynamics During the Late Holocene" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Central Western Argentina shows during historical times a surprising mosaic of human strategies, ranging from populations with domestic plants and animals in one extreme, to populations focused on wild resources in the other. In general, this variation was associated with more sedentary and dense...


Hunter-Gatherer Adaptation in the Deserts of Northern Patagonia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Fernando Franchetti. Miguel Giardina. Loukas Barton. Clara Otaola.

Arid environments (marked by scarce water and heterogeneous resources) constrain human adaptation. In this paper, we explore changes in the use of land in the Diamante Valley, Mendoza province, Argentina, during the Holocene. The principal aim of this exploration is to test the validity of a perceived intensification process in the area of North Patagonia where we conducted a systematic random surface sampling in three ecological zones: the Highlands, the Piedmont and the Lowlands. Within these...


"In pursuit of the past": Borrero Influences in our Regional Research in the NW of Patagonia (Chubut, Argentina) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vivian Scheinsohn. Florencia Rizzo. Sabrina Leonardt.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This presentation aims to highlight the theoretical and methodological relevance of Borrero’s work to address regional research in Patagonia through our own project in Genoa and Pico valleys...


Junius Bird Collections from Sites Rockshelter 1, 2 and 3 (Beagle Channel, Patagonia, Chile) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Flavia Morello Repetto. Marta Alfonso-Durruty. Tom Amorosi. Victor Sierpe. Manuel J. San Román.

Between 1933 and 1980 Junius Bird, researcher from the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) New York, traveled through southern Chile where he carried a wide array of archaeological excavations and studies. Towards the beginning of this period, Bird conducted extensive excavations in three sites in the Southern most region of Fuego-Patagonia. Collections from these sites are currently housed at the Division of Anthropology AMNH, and were recently analyzed as part of the activities of Grant...


Living in/visiting Andean Dead Ends: Measuring the Intensity of Human Land Use at the Fringes of the Northern Ice Field. (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amalia Nuevo Delaunay. César Méndez. Omar Reyes.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Luis Borrero´s conception of the occupation of Andean dead ends is a pivotal framework for the study of western valleys of Patagonia. Main circulation routes, most likely located at the east...


Luis Alberto Borrero South-North Drift, Multiple Markers for the Archaeology of Tierra del Fuego and the Fueguian Archipelago (52º-56º S) (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Flavia Morello Repetto. Mauricio Massone. Fabiana Martin. Robert McCulloch. Manuel San Román.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The contributions and influence of Luis Borrero started with his early work at Tierra del Fuego and then surpassed multiple barriers –including the Strait of Magellan- as he developed an...


Luis Borrero´s Model of Peopling of Patagonia: Some Examples of his Application in Lithic and Mobility Studies (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nora Franco.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Borrero's work has greatly influenced Patagonian archaeology. Through his papers and classes, he strongly influenced new generations of archaeologists. In the case of lithic studies, his...


Maritime Hunter-Gatherers from Southernmost Patagonia (South America, Chile): Discussing Occupation Intensity and Resource Exploitation Strategies for the Central Strait of Magellan during the Late Holocene (2500 BP – XVIII Century) (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Manuel J. San Román. Flavia Morello Repetto. Jimena Torres. Victor Sierpe. Karina Rodriguez.

Maritime hunter-gatherers from Fuego-Patagonia are of special archaeological interest given their sudden emergence in the archaeological record and their highly specialized economic adaptation. In 2011 we carried an intense salvage archaeological excavation program along the central area of Strait of Magellan in Southernmost Patagonia, Chile. Here we present the results obtained from 1.546 m2 of excavation, where a total of 18 archaeological sites, located along the eastern shore of the...


mtDNA and the Peopling of Fuego Patagonia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marta Alfonso-Durruty. Miguel Vilar. Manuel J. San Román. Flavia Morello Repetto.

Information regarding the prehistoric human migration into Southernmost Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego provides a baseline against which it is possible to compare interpretations regarding the colonization of the Americas, including its timing and rates of human dispersion. The earliest archaeological evidence in Fuego- Patagonia dates to the Late Pleistocene (c. 10.500 BP). By the Middle Holocene archaeological record (c. 8000-4000 BP) shows marked differences between the technological,...


Post-contact Times in Southern Patagonia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amalia Nuevo Delaunay. Juan Belardi. Flavia Carballo Marina.

The history of the different indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that inhabited Patagonia since the Pleistocene was profoundly affected by the arrival of Europeans during the sixteenth century. This resulted in significant changes in various aspects of their lifeways, both archaeologically and ethnographically recorded. We integrate the available archaeological data of the post-contact period in southern Patagonia, along with ethnographic and historical data; showing the heterogeneous and complex...


Prehistoric Dogs in the Uruguay Lowlands (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only José López Mazz.

This paper presents archaeological information about domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) recovered in prehistoric sites in the southeastern lowlands of Uruguay. The presence of dog in the archaeological record is associated to horticultural activities of hunter-gatherers adapted to the very dynamic conditions of this flood ecosystem during the Holocene. Dog findings in mounds have a recurrent and unique association with burials. This context allows a starting discussion on the economic,...


Re-evaluation of the Archaeology of the Pali Aike Lava Field (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Fabiana María Martin.

This is an abstract from the "Patagonian Evolutionary Archaeology and Human Paleoecology: Commending the Legacy (Still in the Making) of Luis Alberto Borrero in the Interpretation of Hunter-Gatherer Studies of the Southern Cone" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A new research project will focus on the archaeology of the Pali Aike Lava Field, Patagonia, Chile by a restudy of the collections obtained by Junius Bird between 1936 and 1970. These objects...