African American (Other Keyword)

1-25 (39 Records)

African Americans and NAGPRA: The Call for an African American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin Dunnavant.

Increasing urbanization and gentrification have led to the rapid development of some of America's largest cities. As urban space becomes more scarce, African American heritage sites face increasing threats from developers and city planners alike. In light the 50th anniversary of the National Heritage Preservation Act and more than 25 years after the passage of NAGPRA, this paper highlights the disparities and challenges associated with preserving African American heritage sites in the USA....

Answering the Question, "Where Did We Come From?" Through the Collaborative Efforts of the Fort Ward/Seminary African American Descendant Society and Archaeologists in Alexandria, Virginia (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Furlong. Adrienne T. Washington.

"We’re still here" has been the theme of the efforts of the Fort Ward/Seminary African American Descendant Society to incorporate the history of their community into the public interpretation of Fort Ward Park and Museum. However, "where did we come from?" remains an important question that has yet to be answered through archaeological and historical research. In this paper, Descendant Society leader Adrienne Washington will discuss the efforts of descendants to answer this question and why it...

Archaeological Investigations at the Sotterly Plantation Slave Cabin, St. Mary's County, Maryland (1996)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica L. Neuwirth.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

The Archaeology of Enslaved Labor: Identifying Work and Domestic Spaces in the South Yard (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Terry Brock.

While the domestic lives of enslaved families and communities are a critical element of understanding enslaved life, the majority of each day was spent carrying out work for their masters. Recent excavations at Montpelier have begun to examine structures related to the work of James Madison's domestic slaves. These excavations include work on the extant kitchen and two smokehouses, buildings clearly designed for the support of the Montpelier Mansion. However, the proximity of these structures to...

The Archaeology of Historic Laurel Cemetery in Baltimore, Maryland (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ronald Castanzo. Elgin Klugh.

Laurel Cemetery was created in 1852 in Baltimore, Maryland, as a nondenominational burial place for African Americans in the city. By the 1930s, after perhaps several thousand people were interred at the site, the cemetery company had become insolvent, and the grounds were no longer being maintained. After the property was sold in the 1950s, the cemetery was demolished in preparation for what would become a shopping center. Approximately 300-400 burials were moved, but it was not known how many,...

Barriers to Access, or the Ways Racism Continues (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Teresa Moyer.

Black history at historic plantations concerns more than slavery and freedom; it also tells the story of why blacks in the past are omitted at places with so much of their history to tell. Historic plantations offer rich laboratories in which to examine the ways that racism changes and stays the same through the circumstances that enable black history to be revealed or hidden.  By studying the interpretation--or lack thereof--of black history at places like Mount Clare, we can learn from the...

Beyond Battlefields: Incorporating Social Contexts into Military Sites (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Hannah A. Vahle.

Although it has been more than a century since the US Civil War was fought, battles regarding interpretation and the public memory of the conflict continue to rage. Hundreds of sites along the eastern seaboard are consecrated to this period, with many preservationists and other historical organizations dedicated to sterile interpretations of these battlefields. These interpretations fail to capture social contexts of the site, as well as the development of the landscape since the Civil War. The...

The Bird-Houston Site, 1775-1920: 145 Years of Rural Delaware (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tiffany M Raszick. John Bedell.

The Bird-Houston Site is a homestead that was occupied from around 1775 to 1920. During that long span the site was used in various ways by diverse occupants. Two houses stood there; the earlier log house was replaced by a frame house around 1825, and the two houses were far enough apart to keep their associated artifacts separate. The site’s occupants included unknown tenants, white property owners, and, after 1840, African American farm laborers and their families. Excavation of the site...

The Church on the Hill: Inter-related Narratives and Conflicting Priorities for the Emory Church Property in Washington, D.C. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew Palus. Lyle Torp.

Fort Stevens was one of the only fortifications comprising the Civil War Defenses of Washington that saw combat, during Jubal Early’s raid on July 11-12, 1864. Prior to the Civil War, the land was sold by free African American woman Elizabeth Butler to the trustees of Emory Chapel in 1855 for construction of a church; when Fort Massachusetts was initially constructed in 1861, the church stood within it, but later was razed by the Union army when the fort was expanded and renamed Fort Stevens in...

The Church on the Hill: Inter-related Narratives, Conflicting Priorities, and the Power of Community Engagement (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lyle Torp. Matthew Palus.

Fort Stevens is a well-known fort within the Civil War Defenses of Washington. Prior to the Civil War, the land was owned by Betsey Butler, a free black woman, who sold the land to the trustees of Emory Chapel in 1855 for the construction of a church. The church was razed for the construction of Fort Massachusetts in 1861, which was later expanded and renamed Fort Stevens in 1863. The congregation rebuilt the church following the Civil War. The context of the Emory Church is entwined with the...

Consumerism As A Strategy For Negotiating Racism: A Comparative Study Of African Americans In Jim Crow Era Annapolis, MD (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kathryn H Deeley.

Archaeologists have studied many different ways in which African Americans coped with the racist structures of the late 19th and early 20th centuries in America. One way in which this was done was through consumer choice as part of the capitalist market used to create African American consumer aesthetics. With this understanding, archaeologists can study how commodities were used to express internally imposed classes within the African American community. In this paper, the archaeological...

Domestic Labor in Black and Green: Deciphering the Shared experiences of African American and Irish Domestics Working in the same Northern Virginia Households and Communities (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mary Furlong.

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries wealthy American households relied on domestic labor for the running of the home. In the Northeast, this labor was provided by European immigrants, who often moved from job to job seeking better opportunities. While in the South, African Americans continued to perform the same work many had performed under slavery, often staying in the same geographical region as their family and former owners.  In Northern Virginia, these two forms of domestic labor...

Exploring African American Life through Small Finds from Poplar Forest’s Wing of Offices (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Proebsting.

This is an abstract from the "POSTER Session 1: A Focus on Cultures, Populations, and Ethnic Groups" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Archaeologists at Poplar Forest are revisiting the artifacts recovered during the excavation of the Wing of Offices, which serviced Jefferson’s retreat home and plantation in Bedford County, Virginia. This building included a kitchen and smokehouse along with two additional rooms that could have been used for other...

Fate of Our Fathers: An Assessment of Mental Health Among African American Archaeologists (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joel A. Cook.

This is an abstract from the "POSTER Session 1: A Focus on Cultures, Populations, and Ethnic Groups" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Logic holds that the person best suited for farming is a farmer, and the person best suited for sailing a sailor. In much the same way, the people best suited for different types of archaeological work are those who have a connection to the topic they choose to study. It is also logical that, like the physical...

Finding Little Egypt (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Timothy L. Sullivan.

In May 1962, trucks and moving vans pulled into an African American community known as "Little Egypt" in northeast Dallas, Texas.  Within a single day, the residents were packed up and moved out. Bulldozers swept in, making way for a commercial center, leaving little trace of the previous occupants. Who were they?  Where did they go? What was their story? In 2015, Dr. Tim Sullivan (Anthropology) and Dr. Clive Siegle(History) of  Richland College (Dallas County Community College),  combined their...

Following the Drinking Gourd: Considering the Celestial Landscape (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Patricia M. Samford.

The world of enslaved African Americans included not only the solid ground beneath their feet and other physical landmarks, but also the sky above them, replete with planets and stars.  In a world without maps, compasses or, in many instances, the ability to read directions, the enslaved were dependent upon visual cues for making their way through the landscape.  Oral traditions and historical documents reveal that planets and constellations were important guides for finding one’s way,...

The Freeman Family Of Black Governors: Agency And Resistance Through Three Generations (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anthony Martin. Warren Perry. Janet Woodruff. Jerry Sawyer.

This is an abstract from the "Archaeologies of Enslavement" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology.  From the mid-18th to mid-19th century, African American communities in New England t developed their own political and cultural structure headed by elected officials known as Black Governors or Black Kings.  Black Govenors/Kings operated at the local level and performed several important social functions including heading events, resolving conflicts and...

In the Name of Progress": Urban Renewal and Baltimore’s "Highway to Nowhere (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lorin Brace.

This is an abstract from the "Urban Erasures and Contested Memorial Assemblages" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The nation-wide wave of urban highway construction of the postwar era dramatically changed the appearance and structure of American cities. Throughout the 1950s-1970s, highway construction cut through inner-cities across the country, devastating entire neighborhoods, and dislocating hundreds of thousands of residents—overwhelmingly...

Kinkeadtown: Archaeological Investigation of an African-American Neighborhood in Lexington, Kentucky (1996)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nancy O'Malley.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Lewis Doesn’t Live Here Anymore: Fairfield Plantation after the Burwells (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thane H. Harpole. David Brown.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Before, After, and In Between: Archaeological Approaches to Places (through/in) Time" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Visitors to Fairfield plantation are intrigued by the magnificent c. 1694 brick manor house, the Burwell family who planned it, and the enslaved Africans who largely built it. The powerful Lewis Burwells and their families (five generations with the same name) helped shape 18th-century...

The Mill Swamp/Ralph J. Bunche Community Center Restoration Project (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah A. Grady.

This is an abstract from the "The Public and Our Communities: How to Present Engaging Archaeology" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In July 2017, the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center (SERC) partnered with the Mill Swamp community, both located in Edgewater, Maryland, in an effort to restore and preserve the history of their historic Rosenwald type school.  Since 1970, after integration, this building had served the Mill Swamp commnity as...

Mother Baltimore’s Freedom Village and the Reconstitution of Memory (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas E. Emerson. Miranda L. Yancey-Bailey. Joseph M. Galloy.

The inconspicuous Mississippi River town of Brooklyn, Illinois was the first black town in the USA. Located just north of East St. Louis, Brooklyn was founded around 1829 as a freedom settlement by several enterprising African-American families that emigrated from Missouri. The most remarkable settler was a former slave named "Mother" Priscilla Baltimore, who was a major figure in the AME movement. Today, despite serious economic hardships, Brooklynites display tenacity, resilience, and a strong...

The Multi-faceted Approach to African American Archaeology under Larry McKee’s Mentorship at The Hermitage (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole S Ribianszky.

The historical archaeology internship program under Larry McKee’s leadership from 1988 to 1999 exhibited several key components which characterized it as one of the preeminent models in the Southeast. First, McKee grounded his vision of developing the program securely in the people themselves, the enslaved African Americans, whose lives and work made The Hermitage possible. An awareness and sensitivity to understanding and recovering their past contributions infused the structure of the program,...

O is for Opium: Offering More than Education at the Abiel Smith School (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dania D. Jordan.

The Abiel Smith, constructed between 1834 and 1835 in Beacon Hill in Boston, MA, is one of the oldest black schools in the United States. The Smith School is central to Beacon Hill’s Black history because it helped Black Bostonians advance in society and negotiate racism through education. However, the Smith School may have served another important role in the Black community. Medicinal bottles excavated from the site suggest that the school administered medicine to students. In the nineteenth...

Oral History and the Archaeology of a Black Texas Farmstead, c. 1871-1905 (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maria Franklin.

Starting in 2009, the Texas Department of Transportation funded research, community outreach, and public education that focused on the history and archaeology of formerly enslaved African Americans and their descendants. Excavation of the Ransom and Sarah Williams farmstead (41TV1051) by Prewitt and Associates (Austin, TX) yielded 26,000 artifacts that represent rural life in central Texas for freedmen and their children. The equally significant oral history component of the project has allowed...