World War II (Other Keyword)

1-25 (28 Records)

Alles Vergeht, Alles Verweht: Orphaned Heritage of Denmark’s Atlantic Wall. (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Camilla Damlund.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "“We Go to Gain a Little Patch of Ground. That hath in it no profit but the name”: Revolutionary Research in Archaeologies of Conflict" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The most obvious enduring evidence of WWII in Denmark is the concrete bunkers dotting the landscape. On the west coast, the structures were part of the enormous chain of bunkers that created the Atlantic Wall. The bunkers remain today and have...

Archaeology and Dissonant Memories of Japanese American Incarceration (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Koji H. Ozawa.

Memories of the Japanese American Incarceration Camps during WWII vary widely across America. For some, memories of the incarceration are a focal point of their identity and a driver of political action. Others who underwent this imprisonment chose not to recall their experiences. The incarceration can haunt their descendants as an ever-present but silenced past. Broadly, the United States’ relationship to this past is fractured. Activists invoke the incarceration as an affront to American...

Archaeology, Shadowed Pasts, and the Making of Heritage (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bonnie J. Clark.

As Laurajane Smith contents, heritage is not a series of sites, but of practices. Practioners of contemporary archaeology are lodged firmly in that practice, participating through the data we uncover, the stakeholders we engage, and even the media attention we draw to particular historic events but not others.  The archaeology of Amache, the site of a World War II-era Japanese American internment camp, is a long-term, community-based project focused on a past that has often been muted in...

Artistic Endeavors in Nebraska’s Prisoner of War Camps (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison Young. Allison M Young.

During the Second World War, thousands of prisoners of war were transported to the United States to be held for the duration of the conflict. The Geneva Convention served as the primary doctrine influencing how camps were built and how the prisoner populations were treated. Under the convention, prisoners were able to work for a wage as well as pursue hobbies in areas like education, sports, and the arts. This paper explores how the artistic pursuits of German POWs influenced the material record...

Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War Survey
PROJECT Uploaded by: Kathy Couturier

Documents and images relating to the Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War Survey prepared by Geo-Marine, Inc. for Avon Park Air Force Range.

Avon Park Air Force Range: Cold War Summary (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Geo-Marine, Inc..

This document is a brief summary detailing the historic milestones and developments of Avon Park Air Force Range. Cold War Missions are summarized and the establishment of departments, facilities and ranges are also recognized. The document includes database definitions for cell contents found in the Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War-Era Historic Property Survey (tDAR id: 391320) located in the “Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War Survey” project. The project also includes photographs detailing...

Avon Park Air Force Range: Cold War-Era Historic Property Survey (2009)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Geo-Marine, Inc..

This database accompanies the Avon Park Air Force Range: Cold War Summary (tDAR id: 391321), detailing the facilities, sites and historic properties included in the report. The facility number, street number, street, architect, original drawing number, original building name, category summary, inception date, original building/site use, NRHP status, integrity summary, installation/installation ID and building structure notes are all included in this database for each facility and site in the...

Building Collaboration and Sustaining Partnership for the Recovery of Missing American Airmen from the Second World War in Austria (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adam Fracchia. Sarah A. Grady. Claudia Theune. Peter Hinterndorfer. Marilyn London. Katherine Boyle. Claire Seeley.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Strides Towards Standard Methodologies in Aeronautical Archaeology" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. For the last three years, the University of Maryland, College Park, has partnered with the Department of Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) and the University of Vienna to seek out and recover missing US airmen from World War II. Through archaeological field schools utilizing forensic protocols, our...

Can Firing Position of WWII Soldiers Be Determined by Shell Scatters? Preliminary Data from Experimental Archaeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christina McSherry.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. This poster describes results from an experiment designed to determine if there is consistency in the shell scatter patterns of the Colt 1911, Thompson M1A1 Submachine Gun, M1 Carbine and M1 Garand, all common weapons of the American World War II Soldier. Forensic Ballistic evidence has proven to be a valid method of inquiry when determining the movements of...

Carissimo Salvatore: An Archaeological view of Italian Service Units at the Presidio of San Francisco (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kari Jones.

Over 50,000 Italian prisoners of war were transported to the United States during World War II. After Italy negotiated an armistice with the Allies, POWs were presented with a choice. Those that signed an oath of allegiance to the new Italian government were assigned to Italian Service Units (ISUs). They provided support services for the United States military in exchange for limited freedoms and better living conditions. Those that refused to sign the oath remained in POW camps. This paper...

A Deepwater World War II Battlefield: The German U-boat, U-166, and Passenger Freighter Robert E. Lee (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Church. Daniel Warren. Robert Westrick.

During World War II, Germany sent their U-boats to the Gulf of Mexico to conduct warfare on merchant shipping.  As a result approximately seventy merchant vessels were sunk or damaged with only one U-boat lost in the Gulf of Mexico during that action.  The wreck sites of the German U-boat, U-166 and it last victim the passenger freighter Robert E. Lee were first investigated by archaeologists in 2001.  Fourteen years of historical and archaeological research reveals the intricacies of this...

Exploring the Indigenous Experience of Saipan in World War II (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie N Soder.

During World War II in the Pacific, the Battle of Saipan became one of the pivotal successes of the United States military to turn the tide of war. Unfortunately, this success came at a cost to the residents of the island, and while the Japanese civilian experience has been largely studied, the indigenous experience has been bypassed. By exploring the development of the construction on the island and civilian holding camps by U.S. military and Saipan civilians, the impact sustained from the...

From Caffe’ Latte to Mass: An Intimate Archaeology of a World War II Italian Prisoner of War Camp (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jodi Barnes.

Camp Monticello, located in southeast Arkansas, served as a Prisoner of War camp for Italians from 1943 to 1946. The spatial arrangement of the camp, which consists of two officer’s compounds and three enlisted men’s compounds, was structured according to the central principles of surveillance, discipline, and control. The food, clothing, and possessions of Camp Monticello's inmates were provided by the institution. From mess hall menus and a chapel, archeological research reveals intimate...

Gulfoil: Ghost in the Gulf  (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only W. Shawn Arnold.

  The oil tanker Gulfoil is located in 534 meters of water.  Built by New York Shipbuilding in Camden, New Jersey, Gulfoil is the first oil tanker to be built in the United States of America using British engineer Joseph Isherwood’s system of ship construction.  The Isherwood system used longitudinal framing instead of traditional transverse frames making the ship stronger and lighter than previous construction methods.  Sunk by German submarine U-506 in the Gulf of Mexico in 1942, the...

Hitler's Fortress Builders: The Use of Non-Destructive Testing to Quantify the Differential Treatment of Labourers on Second World War Alderney (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maxwell Meredith.

World War II left behind archaeological evidence of an impressive magnitude on the British Channel Islands, and today many of these features lay untouched. It was throughout my Master's research at Glasgow University in 2013-2014 that I developed a project to enhance our archaeological understanding of these concrete relics. Using a specific set of methods, I was able to accurately and non-destructively test the compressive strength of several concrete features. Combining this raw data with the...

Home Front Households: Patriotism in the Domestic Sphere During WWII (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shauna M. Mundt.

This is an abstract from the "Exploring the Recent Past" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. WWII was a time of significant cultural upheaval in the United States. America’s participation in the war produced substantial changes to gender roles, consumer behavior, advertising, labor, children’s activities, and entertainment, and saw a swell in expressions of nationalism and patriotism. By analyzing a collection of WWII-era artifacts that includes...

Innovative Methods for the Documentation of a B-24 Wreck off Montalto di Castro, Italy (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anne E. Wright. Jason, T. Raupp.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "East Carolina University Partnerships and Innovation with Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In August of 2017, at the request of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA), a collaborative team of researchers from East Carolina University, NOAA, and NPS Submerged Resource Center conducted a survey of a submerged aircraft wreck off the coast of Montalto di Castro, Italy....

Landscapes of Battle and the Search for the Missing (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kimberly A {PhD} Maeyama. Megan E {PhD} Ingvoldstad.

The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) is the governmental entity tasked with the investigation, recovery, identification, and accounting for U.S. military members that have gone missing during conflict, while in service. This effort follows stringent scientific archaeologically-based protocols and practices, proving some degree of success especially for the resolution of incidents involving single-event site types such as aircraft crashes or burials. The archaeologist faces a challenging,...

Letter Report Concerning Survey for Historic Properties for U.S. Army Reserves Complex Site at Tafuna, American Samoa (2002)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erika Radewagen.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Maritime archaeology of oil tanker shipwrecks from World War II (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael L. Brennan. Deborah Marx. Aaron Jozsef. James P. Delgado.

This is an abstract from the "Developing Standard Methods, Public Interpretation, and Management Strategies on Submerged Military Archaeology Sites" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. World War II awakened the industrial power of the United States. Supplying and waging war across two oceans, the US relied on tankers to move oil to its naval fleets and those of its allies. Carrying the fuel that drove the American war machine, these tankers became...

Matters of Steel: Examining the Deterioration of a World War II Merchant Shipwreck (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kara D Fox.

Between May 24th and June 1st, 2014, NOAA’s Monitor National Marine Sanctuary collaborated with the Battle of the Atlantic Research and Expedition Group to survey and map the merchant shipwreck Caribsea, a freighter sunk off the coast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in 1942 by the German submarine U-158. The data acquired from this project was instrumental in a study designed to illustrate and interpret site formation processes affecting World War II ferrous-hulled merchant shipwrecks. This...

Of Water and War: Examining the Intersection of Desalination Technologies and Military Strategy on Wake Atoll During World War II (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carrie H. Cecil.

Although desalination systems saw widespread use in maritime settings throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, mechanical improvements in the mid-1800s increased the utility of this technology for military purposes – specifically, the occupation and defense of otherwise uninhabitable lands. This paper examines the implementation and impacts of desalination technologies in one such location. Situated halfway between Hawaii and the Philippines, Wake Atoll is devoid of any natural source of...

Public Memory and Dark Heritage at Santa Claus Village (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Paul R. Mullins. Timo Ylimaunu.

Cutting across the Arctic Circle in the heart of Finnish Lapland, Santa Claus Village celebrates familiar holiday legends while offering visits with Santa and the opportunity to purchase a host of consumer goods.  The Yuletide tourist attraction north of Rovaniemi sits on a landscape that was a Luftwaffe airbase during World War II, and many of the foundations of the massive base’s support structures visibly dot the forests around Santa Claus land.  The history of Finland’s status as...

S.S. Thomas T. Tucker (1942): Updated Research on a Wrecked U.S. Liberty Ship in South Africa (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nathaniel R King.

S.S. Thomas T. Tucker, a U.S. Liberty Ship operated by the Merchants and Miners Company on behalf of the US Maritime Commission, was part of the 42-ship convoy carrying material to the British African Front during World War II. The ship was reported lost in action carrying an assortment of British lend-lease and wartime purchase cargo. This disarticulated beach shipwreck site provides an ideal educational opportunity for students to conduct basic pre-disturbance archaeological recording,...

Searching for the lost Marines of Guadalcanal (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Toney. Michael Desilets.

In early 2016, Garcia & Associates conducted forensic archaeological investigations for the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. DPAA (formerly JPAC) is the Department of Defense agency tasked with providing the fullest possible accounting for missing American service personnel from past wars. During World War II, the Battle for Guadalcanal lasted from 7 August 1942 to 9 February 1943 and included intense ground fighting to secure the airstrip known as...