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World War II (Other Keyword)

1-21 (21 Records)

Archaeology and Dissonant Memories of Japanese American Incarceration (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Koji H. Ozawa.

Memories of the Japanese American Incarceration Camps during WWII vary widely across America. For some, memories of the incarceration are a focal point of their identity and a driver of political action. Others who underwent this imprisonment chose not to recall their experiences. The incarceration can haunt their descendants as an ever-present but silenced past. Broadly, the United States’ relationship to this past is fractured. Activists invoke the incarceration as an affront to American...


Archaeology, Shadowed Pasts, and the Making of Heritage (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Bonnie J. Clark.

As Laurajane Smith contents, heritage is not a series of sites, but of practices. Practioners of contemporary archaeology are lodged firmly in that practice, participating through the data we uncover, the stakeholders we engage, and even the media attention we draw to particular historic events but not others.  The archaeology of Amache, the site of a World War II-era Japanese American internment camp, is a long-term, community-based project focused on a past that has often been muted in...


Artistic Endeavors in Nebraska’s Prisoner of War Camps (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Allison Young. Allison M Young.

During the Second World War, thousands of prisoners of war were transported to the United States to be held for the duration of the conflict. The Geneva Convention served as the primary doctrine influencing how camps were built and how the prisoner populations were treated. Under the convention, prisoners were able to work for a wage as well as pursue hobbies in areas like education, sports, and the arts. This paper explores how the artistic pursuits of German POWs influenced the material record...


Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War Survey

PROJECT Uploaded by: Kathy Couturier

Documents and images relating to the Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War Survey prepared by Geo-Marine, Inc. for Avon Park Air Force Range.


Avon Park Air Force Range: Cold War Summary (2009)

DOCUMENT Geo-Marine, Inc..

This document is a brief summary detailing the historic milestones and developments of Avon Park Air Force Range. Cold War Missions are summarized and the establishment of departments, facilities and ranges are also recognized. The document includes database definitions for cell contents found in the Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War-Era Historic Property Survey (tDAR id: 391320) located in the “Avon Park Air Force Range Cold War Survey” project. The project also includes photographs detailing...


Avon Park Air Force Range: Cold War-Era Historic Property Survey (2009)

DOCUMENT Geo-Marine, Inc..

This database accompanies the Avon Park Air Force Range: Cold War Summary (tDAR id: 391321), detailing the facilities, sites and historic properties included in the report. The facility number, street number, street, architect, original drawing number, original building name, category summary, inception date, original building/site use, NRHP status, integrity summary, installation/installation ID and building structure notes are all included in this database for each facility and site in the...


Carissimo Salvatore: An Archaeological view of Italian Service Units at the Presidio of San Francisco (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Kari Jones.

Over 50,000 Italian prisoners of war were transported to the United States during World War II. After Italy negotiated an armistice with the Allies, POWs were presented with a choice. Those that signed an oath of allegiance to the new Italian government were assigned to Italian Service Units (ISUs). They provided support services for the United States military in exchange for limited freedoms and better living conditions. Those that refused to sign the oath remained in POW camps. This paper...


A Deepwater World War II Battlefield: The German U-boat, U-166, and Passenger Freighter Robert E. Lee (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Robert Church. Daniel Warren. Robert Westrick.

During World War II, Germany sent their U-boats to the Gulf of Mexico to conduct warfare on merchant shipping.  As a result approximately seventy merchant vessels were sunk or damaged with only one U-boat lost in the Gulf of Mexico during that action.  The wreck sites of the German U-boat, U-166 and it last victim the passenger freighter Robert E. Lee were first investigated by archaeologists in 2001.  Fourteen years of historical and archaeological research reveals the intricacies of this...


Exploring the Indigenous Experience of Saipan in World War II (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Stephanie N Soder.

During World War II in the Pacific, the Battle of Saipan became one of the pivotal successes of the United States military to turn the tide of war. Unfortunately, this success came at a cost to the residents of the island, and while the Japanese civilian experience has been largely studied, the indigenous experience has been bypassed. By exploring the development of the construction on the island and civilian holding camps by U.S. military and Saipan civilians, the impact sustained from the...


From Caffe’ Latte to Mass: An Intimate Archaeology of a World War II Italian Prisoner of War Camp (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Jodi Barnes.

Camp Monticello, located in southeast Arkansas, served as a Prisoner of War camp for Italians from 1943 to 1946. The spatial arrangement of the camp, which consists of two officer’s compounds and three enlisted men’s compounds, was structured according to the central principles of surveillance, discipline, and control. The food, clothing, and possessions of Camp Monticello's inmates were provided by the institution. From mess hall menus and a chapel, archeological research reveals intimate...


Gulfoil: Ghost in the Gulf  (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT W. Shawn Arnold.

  The oil tanker Gulfoil is located in 534 meters of water.  Built by New York Shipbuilding in Camden, New Jersey, Gulfoil is the first oil tanker to be built in the United States of America using British engineer Joseph Isherwood’s system of ship construction.  The Isherwood system used longitudinal framing instead of traditional transverse frames making the ship stronger and lighter than previous construction methods.  Sunk by German submarine U-506 in the Gulf of Mexico in 1942, the...


Hitler's Fortress Builders: The Use of Non-Destructive Testing to Quantify the Differential Treatment of Labourers on Second World War Alderney (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Maxwell Meredith.

World War II left behind archaeological evidence of an impressive magnitude on the British Channel Islands, and today many of these features lay untouched. It was throughout my Master's research at Glasgow University in 2013-2014 that I developed a project to enhance our archaeological understanding of these concrete relics. Using a specific set of methods, I was able to accurately and non-destructively test the compressive strength of several concrete features. Combining this raw data with the...


Landscapes of Battle and the Search for the Missing (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Kimberly A {PhD} Maeyama. Megan E {PhD} Ingvoldstad.

The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) is the governmental entity tasked with the investigation, recovery, identification, and accounting for U.S. military members that have gone missing during conflict, while in service. This effort follows stringent scientific archaeologically-based protocols and practices, proving some degree of success especially for the resolution of incidents involving single-event site types such as aircraft crashes or burials. The archaeologist faces a challenging,...


Letter Report Concerning Survey for Historic Properties for U.S. Army Reserves Complex Site at Tafuna, American Samoa (2002)

Citation DOCUMENT Erika Radewagen.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Matters of Steel: Examining the Deterioration of a World War II Merchant Shipwreck (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Kara D Fox.

Between May 24th and June 1st, 2014, NOAA’s Monitor National Marine Sanctuary collaborated with the Battle of the Atlantic Research and Expedition Group to survey and map the merchant shipwreck Caribsea, a freighter sunk off the coast of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in 1942 by the German submarine U-158. The data acquired from this project was instrumental in a study designed to illustrate and interpret site formation processes affecting World War II ferrous-hulled merchant shipwrecks. This...


Of Water and War: Examining the Intersection of Desalination Technologies and Military Strategy on Wake Atoll During World War II (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Carrie H. Cecil.

Although desalination systems saw widespread use in maritime settings throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, mechanical improvements in the mid-1800s increased the utility of this technology for military purposes – specifically, the occupation and defense of otherwise uninhabitable lands. This paper examines the implementation and impacts of desalination technologies in one such location. Situated halfway between Hawaii and the Philippines, Wake Atoll is devoid of any natural source of...


Public Memory and Dark Heritage at Santa Claus Village (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Paul R. Mullins. Timo Ylimaunu.

Cutting across the Arctic Circle in the heart of Finnish Lapland, Santa Claus Village celebrates familiar holiday legends while offering visits with Santa and the opportunity to purchase a host of consumer goods.  The Yuletide tourist attraction north of Rovaniemi sits on a landscape that was a Luftwaffe airbase during World War II, and many of the foundations of the massive base’s support structures visibly dot the forests around Santa Claus land.  The history of Finland’s status as...


S.S. Thomas T. Tucker (1942): Updated Research on a Wrecked U.S. Liberty Ship in South Africa (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Nathaniel R King.

S.S. Thomas T. Tucker, a U.S. Liberty Ship operated by the Merchants and Miners Company on behalf of the US Maritime Commission, was part of the 42-ship convoy carrying material to the British African Front during World War II. The ship was reported lost in action carrying an assortment of British lend-lease and wartime purchase cargo. This disarticulated beach shipwreck site provides an ideal educational opportunity for students to conduct basic pre-disturbance archaeological recording,...


Searching for the lost Marines of Guadalcanal (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Joshua Toney. Michael Desilets.

In early 2016, Garcia & Associates conducted forensic archaeological investigations for the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) on Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands. DPAA (formerly JPAC) is the Department of Defense agency tasked with providing the fullest possible accounting for missing American service personnel from past wars. During World War II, the Battle for Guadalcanal lasted from 7 August 1942 to 9 February 1943 and included intense ground fighting to secure the airstrip known as...


Telepresence-Enabled Archaeological Exploration of ex-USS Independence (CVL22) in the Gulf of the Farallones (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT James P. Delgado. Michael L. Brennan.

In 2016, a joint NOAA/Ocean Exploration Trust mission in the E/V nautilus conducted a series of telepresence-enabled dives on the carrier Independence, a World War II veteran used as a target ship in the 1946 atomic weapons tests at Bikini Atoll.  Subsequently used as a floating laboratory and a post-nuclear attack training platform by the US Navy, Independence rests in 822 meters of water where it was scuttled in 1951.  The dives, the first to survey and document the wreck, were shared with a...


Twentieth Century Geoglyphs - Military Training Targets of World War II (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Susan Edwards. Jeffrey Wedding.

For archaeologists, the term geoglyph typically conjures up images of enormous carved landscapes such as the Nazca Lines in Peru or the Blythe Intaglios in California’s Mojave Desert. But the creation of earth drawings is not restricted to people of the distant past. Modern populations have also been known to produce their own geoglyphs. Like their prehistoric predecessors, many contemporary geoglyphs have spiritual or ceremonial significance, but others were generated for purely functional...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America