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Plantation Archaeology (Other Keyword)

1-25 (28 Records)

Another Place for Thinking: A Decade of Making Connections at Wye House (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Mark P. Leone. Benjamin Skolnik.

In a 2005 article in World Archaeology, Dan Hicks revisits the William Paca garden in Annapolis, calling it "a place for thinking", not only in the literal sense used by Leone but also in that scholars frequently revisit it as they work out disciplinary issues in the present.  As we think about "Peripheries and Boundaries", we cannot help but to think beyond them, to the connections that tie together the sites we excavate and to the people we find there both in the past and in the present.  In...

Archaeology of the 18th-Century French Colonial Metoyer Land Grant Site, Natchitoches, Louisiana (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Clete Rooney. David Morgan. Kevin MacDonald.

Recent plans to develop a tract of land on Cane River prompted examination of a locality pivotal to understanding the colonial creole experience in northwest Louisiana. Survey work in 2011 and 2012 identified a large river front site, part of which was home to the plantations of Narcisse Prud’homme, John Plauché, and Pierre Metoyer—the latter an economically prominent colonial known for his relationship with the celebrated Marie-Thérèse Coincoin. Subsequent archival research, geophysical survey,...

At the Crossroads of Consumption: 19th Century Slave Life in Western Tennessee (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Kimberly Kasper. Katharine Reinhart. Ellie Maclin.

In eight years of excavations on the 20,000 acre Ames land base in western Tennessee, a clearer picture of the 19th century of everyday life and the associated patterns of consumption of the antebellum south has emerged. With over twenty contiguous plantations, we are able to compare specific characteristics of the material culture from large (3,000+ acres) to small plantations (300 acres). Our current focus is on Fanny Dickins, a woman of financial means who established a small plantation after...

At the Intersection: Destabilizing White Creole Masculinity at the 18th-Century Little Bay Plantation, Montserrat, West Indies (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Jessica Striebel MacLean.

Guided by contemporary humoral theory, 18th-century Europeans believed climate and bodily humors to be mutually influential and correlated in their effect on human temperament, appearance, and behavior. Resettlement to a new climate was understood to create humoral imbalances fundamentally affecting an individual’s character and even physical appearance including skin color. Subject to the effects of tropical climate British settlers to the West Indies thus transformed were viewed as...

Beyond the Mansion: How the Archaeology Program at a Plantation Museum Changed so Many Lives (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Whitney Battle-Baptiste.

Between 1988 and 2009, the Hermitage Archaeology Program trained students of archaeology, anthropology, history, and education. Summer after summer, as the excavation units were laid, the wheelbarrows lined up, the shovels and trowels counted and distributed, we were always excited about what was to come. I learned about who I was as an archaeologist, as a scholar of slavery and the African Diaspora, and a Black Feminist Archaeologist. This short reflection paper is to share some thoughts and...

Colonial Foodways in Barbados: A Diachronic Study of Faunal Remains and Stable Isotopes from Trent’s Plantation, 17th-19th centuries (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Heidi E Miller. Diane Wallman. Douglas Armstrong.

The origins of modern cuisine in the Caribbean lie in the complex interactions that occurred during the colonial period. Studying foodways on plantations offers insight into the social relationships, power structures, economic practices and cultural transformations during this time. Here, we integrate and compare the results from zooarchaeological analysis with stable isotope (δ18O, δ13C, δ15N, δ88Sr) analysis of human and faunal remains from Trent’s Plantation in Barbados. Trent’s Plantation...

Confronting Confederate Narratives: Archaeology at the Judah P. Benjamin Confederate Memorial at Gamble Plantation Historic State Park (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Diane Wallman. Matt Litteral.

In recent years, the southern United States has experienced a growing movement to remove confederate memorials from public spaces. These efforts have initiated a dialogue about representations of heritage, and the ethics of memorialization. Arguments for the removal of these memorials and monuments maintain that they misrepresent the past, and minimize the suffering of enslaved people and their descendants. Gamble Plantation was one of several sugar plantations established along the Manatee...

Contextualizing the Exceptional: Understanding "Small Find" Abundance at The Hermitage (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Jillian Galle. Lindsay Bloch. Lynsey Bates.

The archaeological program at The Hermitage was exceptional in many ways, from the breadth and depth of its archaeological education programs and the square footage excavated across the plantation to the range of domestic slave housing types and diversity of artifacts found within and around these dwellings. The richness and diversity of "small finds" across Hermitage sites is particularly striking. Previous studies of Hermitage small finds have focused on individual artifacts as representations...

"Coon, possum, rabbit, squirrel en aw dat": A zooarchaeological investigation of foodways at Witherspoon Plantation, South Carolina (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Diane E. Wallman. Kevin Fogle.

This paper examines the results of zooarchaeological analysis completed on faunal remains from Witherspoon Island, a 19th century cotton plantation in South Carolina. This research contributes to a larger ongoing historical archaeological project exploring the lives of enslaved African-Americans and their descendants on the remote absentee plantation. To examine shifting food practices at the site, we present the results of the analysis of faunal remains recovered from two house and adjacent...

Field of Dreams: Archaeology and Education Hermitage Style (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Elizabeth J. Kellar.

  The Hermitage archaeology program fulfilled the dreams of many, from the children enrolled in the education program and the Earthwatch volunteers to the dozens of summer archaeology interns, many who now professional archaeologists working across the country.  The archaeological research program at The Hermitage was critical to understanding the social and working lives of enslaved individuals, their interaction with the Jacksons, and The Hermitage landscape. Yet, one of the true legacies of...

Hermitage Archaeology, The Early Years (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Samuel D. Smith.

In 1969 the author, then a graduate student at the University of Florida, participated in the excavation of a slave cabin site on Cumberland Island, just off the Georgia coast.  This work (reported in the SHA journal for 1971) was directed by the late Charles H. Fairbanks and is generally considered one of the first two undertakings relevant to the development of what came to be know as "Plantation Archaeology."  In 1974 the author carried this experience forward to begin archaeological...

The House-Yard Revisited: Domestic Landscapes of Enslaved People in Plantation Jamaica (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Hayden F. Bassett.

Across the sugar-producing islands of the Caribbean, the "slave village" has remained both a significant object and context for archaeological study of plantation slavery. Recent landscape perspectives have fostered new methods for seeing the material lives of enslaved people at the household and community scales. In recent years, however, little attention has been given the household infrastructure that extended beyond the house itself and articulated quarters into a village complex. The swept...

Identifying the South Yard: Interrogating Landscapes of Home and Work Yards Enslaved African Americans at Montpelier (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Terry Brock.

Landscape analysis of slave plantations typically approaches the plantation scale, analyzing the distribution of the built environment across the plantation itself. This paper will focus on the analysis of the domestic slave quarter of James Madison's Montpelier, and how the yards, structures, and features were organized and used by the Madisons and enslaved community. Over the course of multiple field seasons , archaeologists have conducted extensive field excavations uncovering three...

If a Picture is Worth a 1,000 words, How Much are GIS Coordinates Worth? The Use of Visual History, Oral History, and GIS Data to Define the McAdoo Plantation Home (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Heather A Fischer.

In the mid- 19th century, General John David McAdoo operated a plantation in Washington County Texas. Dismantled in the 1960s, all that remains of the house are the stone pier foundations. During the summer of 2012, Texas Tech University excavated and mapped the stone piers using Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The primary goal of these investigations was to document the layout and extent of the structure’s remains.  Information about the house comes from both an oral interview and visual...

Interactions Across the Landscape: Interpreting Social Relationships within Montpelier’s Black Community (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Matthew C Greer.

Social relationships structure daily life in a variety of ways.  However, when considering the social world that existed inside slave quarters across Virginia, archaeologists have not been able to come to a consensus on how to approach the study of social networks; with some researchers focusing on social standing, seen most often through the role of material wealth to create connections and others focusing on how interactions can be meaningfully interpreted from the archaeological record.  This...

Intersectionality and Plantation Archaeology: Intertwining the Past, Present and Future (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Kimberly Kasper. Dwight Fryer. Jamie Evans. Claire Norton.

Intersectionality is a useful framework to employ when reconstructing the everyday lives of enslaved individuals during the Antebellum. Often, archaeologists find it difficult to create narratives that connect the material culture of the individuals we excavate with their dynamic experiences, especially impacts of sexual and economic exploitation, human rights and the rule of law. This paper focuses on the overlapping of multiple identities (in this case enslaved and free women and men on the...

Landscape Legacies of Sugarcane Monoculture at Betty’s Hope Plantation, Antigua, West Indies (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Suzanna M. Pratt.

The historic sugarcane industry transformed Caribbean societies, economies, and environments. This research explores the landscape legacies left by long-term sugarcane monoculture at Betty’s Hope Plantation on the eastern Caribbean island of Antigua, which was dedicated to sugarcane monoculture from the mid-1600s until independence in 1981. The study creates a simulation of crop yields using the USDA’s Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator, which is then evaluated using records of historical...

The Life Cycle of a Slave Cabin: Results of the 2014 and 2015 University of Florida Historical Archaeological Field Schools at Bulow Plantation, Flagler County, Florida (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Mary Elizabeth Ibarrola.

Bulow Plantation (8FL7) in Flagler County, Florida, occupied for only fourteen years, provides a narrow window into the life of enslaved African Americans living and working on an East Florida sugar plantation.  In the 2014 and 2015 field seasons, the University of Florida conducted excavations focusing on a single domestic slave cabin and the surrounding yard.  Results from these excavations will be presented with a particular focus on the life cycle of the cabin, from its construction in 1821...

Making Whiteness: White Creole Masculinity at the 18th-Cenutry Little Bay Plantation, Montserrat, West Indies (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Jessica Striebel MacLean.

At the close of the 18th century, a planter’s dwelling overlooking the Caribbean Sea on the northwest coast of Montserrat was destroyed by fire, and never reoccupied. Archaeological excavations yielded an intimate portrait of the domesticity of British Empire materialized in fragments of everyday life. Ownership of Little Bay Plantation transferred through three generations of unmarried male relations, one of who inhabited the dwelling at its burning. As a white Montserratian-born colonial, or...

Nervousnous and Negotiation on a Plantation Landscape (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Megan M. Bailey.

This research focuses on a late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century plantation site, L’Hermitage, in order to investigate how a "nervous landscape" can be read through spatial organization, material culture, and interpersonal interactions.  I refer to Denis Byrne’s use of the phrase "nervous landscape" to explore how a landscape and its occupants can be literally and figuratively nervous when absolute power fails and a heterogeneity and multiplicity of power and identities are introduced....

[Not] Finding Vann’s Quarters: Landscape Dynamics and the Archaeology of the Subaltern on a 19th Century Cherokee Plantation (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Travis Williams.

Historical archaeologists, to varying degrees, have long been interested in researching the lives of people from the past who left little (and about whom little was left) in the form of textual documentation. In North America and beyond, such interests most often take the form of archaeology of slavery and bondage. Unfortunately, the forces that conspired to prevent the voices of enslaved peoples from entering the historical record (i.e., colonialism, racialization, ethnocentrism, capitalism)...

Phase I Archaeological Survey at Waverly Mansion (18HO182), Marriottsville, Howard County, Maryland (1992)

Citation DOCUMENT Steven A. Gaber. Kathy Lee Erlandson.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Prehistoric Production or Enslaved Curation?: An Evaluation of the Temporal and Spatial Distributions of the Lithic Assemblage at The Hermitage. (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Elizabeth Bollwerk.

The Hermitage assemblage is a treasure trove of 19th-century material culture.  However, DAACS analyses have revealed that, in addition to hundreds of thousands of 19th century artifacts, over 23,500 fragments of lithic debitage, projectile points, and tools were unearthed from the plantation complex.  This paper examines this lithic assemblage and evaluates whether its presence and distribution is the result of prehistoric Native Americans’ activities at the site or production/curation by the...

Project Archaeology in Florida: Teaching and Understanding Slavery at Kingsley Plantation (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah Miller. James Davidson. Emily Palmer.

The Florida Public Archaeology Network (FPAN) was established in 2005 and within a year hosted its first Project Archaeology workshop. As a proud sponsor of Project Archaeology in Florida, FPAN staff partnered with the National Park Service and University of Florida to publish the first Investigating Shelter investigation in the southeast. It was also the first in the Investigating Shelter series to feature a National Park site. Investigating a Tabby Slave Cabin teacher guide and student...

Refining The Hermitage Chronologies (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Cooper Cooper. Jillian E Galle. Lynsey A. Bates. Elizabeth Bollwerk.

    Previous chronologies of site occupations at The Hermitage were based largely on historical documentation combined with observed architectural changes across the landscape. Here we use correspondence analysis of ceramic ware-type frequencies to corroborate and refine earlier chronologies developed by Smith and McKee. DAACS data from ten domestic sites of slavery at the plantation, with occupations spanning from the first decade of the nineteenth century to the 1920’s, allow us to develop...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America