Paleoindian (Other Keyword)

1-25 (110 Records)

2015 Allendale Chert Quarry Survey: Methods and Preliminary Results (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelsey Meer. J. Ryan Young. D. Shane Miller. Albert C. Goodyear.

In 1984, Goodyear and Charles conducted a survey of an area adjacent to the Savannah River encompassing the Allendale Chert quarries, which includes the multi-component Topper Site (38AL23) in Allendale County, South Carolina. During the summer of 2015, Mississippi State University revisited a 102-acre area included in this survey. The survey revealed a near continuous scatter of lithic debitage throughout the project area, at varying depths across different geomorphological settings....

Archaeological and Geomorphic Investigations of Paleoindian Sites near Smith Mountain, VA. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph Gingerich. William Childress. Daniel Wagner. Michael Johnson.

Identification of stratified Paleoindian components in eastern North America is rare. Because few stratified sites exist, cultural chronologies and depictions of Paleoindian lifeways have been drawn from large geographic areas and warrant revision. Recent work along the upper Roanoke River in Virginia has identified several sites that show an almost complete cultural sequence from 8,000 to 13,000 calendar years ago. These sites also show the use of a unique suite of lithic raw materials during...

Archaeological and Geomorpholgical Investigation at the Bash Site: Phase II Investigation of 13Mr228, Local Systems Project LFM-6R93(1) A.K.A. Lynks Road, Marshall County, Iowa (1991)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Collins.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Archaeological Investigation of the Stone Feature Located at Area 12, Gault Site Bell County, Texas (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Vilsack.

A 2x2 meter fractured limestone cobble surface was excavated in February of 2001 through May of 2002 at the Gault Site in Bell County, Texas dating to either the Clovis or pre-Clovis period. Current research indicates two toss zones associated to the 10-centimeter thick stone floor. One toss zone is illustrated through the faunal assemblage arcing around the southwestern corner of the feature and the second toss zone is associated to lithic artifacts concentrated around the northeastern corner....

Archaeological Investigations of the Archaic and Paleoindian Occupations at Hall’s Cave, Texas (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Keene. Tyler Laughlin. Michael Waters.

Hall’s Cave is a well-studied paleontological site that has provided a detailed climatic record for the Texas Hill-country from the late Pleistocene through the Holocene. There have been no discussions, however, of the archaeological record of the cave deposits. Archaeological excavations at Hall’s Cave conducted in 2017 revealed a 3 m thick, well-stratified sequence of sediments derived from the watershed outside the cave. Early deposits ranging from 18,000 to14,000 cal yr B.P. contain the...

Archaeology and Geomorphology of Paleo-shorelines at Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Douglas MacDonald. Matthew Nelson. Jordan McIntyre.

Recent archaeological and geomorphological studies illuminate an understanding of paleo-shorelines along Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming. Current shorelines are not always adequate predictors of prehistoric archaeological site locations due to ever-shifting lake levels over the last 12,000 years. The 20-mile-long Yellowstone Lake is within a caldera and, thus, has experienced dramatic shifts in lake levels associated with volcanism. In addition, lake levels have changed greatly due to Late Pleistocene...

The Archaeology of Clovis Landscape Use at the Mockingbird Gap site, New Mexico and Surrounding Regions (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Marcus Hamilton. Briggs Buchanan.

In this paper we discuss recent work at the Mockingbird Gap Clovis site, New Mexico, and the surrounding region, designed to understand how Clovis hunter-gatherers utilized and adapted to the regional landscape and its available resources. Focusing on lithic raw material use, we show that the Clovis occupants of Mockingbird Gap had access to a wide diversity of high quality raw materials from a large area of the Southwest. Moreover, Clovis raw material network analysis across the continent...

The Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey
PROJECT Uploaded by: Saul L. Hedquist

The Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey is a long-term project to document known occurrences of Paleoindian and Paleoarchaic-age projectile points throughout the state of Arizona by drawing upon public outreach, voluntary disclosure, and the results of published research. Of particular interest are public and private artifact collections containing projectile point types dating between roughly 11,500 and 8,000 radiocarbon years before present. These include fluted Paleoindian point types...

The Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey - Database (2011)
GEOSPATIAL Saul L. Hedquist.

Database for the Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey

The Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey - Database References (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Saul L. Hedquist.

References for the Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey Database

The Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey - Poster (2011)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Saul L. Hedquist. Mary M. Praciunas. Jesse Ballenger. D. Shane Miller. Cherie Freeman.

The Arizona Paleoindian Projectile Point Survey is a long-term project to document known occurrences of Paleoindian and Paleoarchaic-age projectile points throughout the state of Arizona by drawing upon public outreach, voluntary disclosure, and the results of published research. Of particular interest are public and private artifact collections containing projectile point types dating between roughly 11,500 and 8,000 radiocarbon years before present. These include fluted Paleoindian point types...

Bashing Bones – Experimental Archaeology and its Application to the Carter/Kerr-McGee Site (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Allison Grunwald.

Thirty years ago, the Paleoindian bison bonebed at Carter/Kerr-McGee, located in northwest Wyoming, was interpreted as a winter kill-butchery locale with possible frozen meat storage. The recent complete analysis of these 9,000 year-old bones, originating from about 50 Bison antiquus, and comparisons of the bone fragmentation patterns at this site with those of experimentally broken bones, supports this initial assessment. Preliminary results confirm the presence of 15 regular spiral (fresh)...

Beaver River Complex Contribution to Folsom Archaeology: An Update and Future Directions (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leland Bement.

The Beaver River Complex (NW Oklahoma) of early Paleoindian (Clovis and Folsom) large-scale bison kill sites began contributing to our knowledge of Folsom hunting organization two decades ago with the identification, excavation, and analysis of the Cooper site. Since then a total of five Folsom kill components have been identified at three arroyo kill sites within a 700 m reach of the Beaver River. The most recently discovered site, Badger Hole, contains the youngest Folsom kill component of the...

Bull Creek: A Paleoindian Camp in the Oklahoma Panhandle (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristen Carlson. Leland Bement. Brian Carter.

Bull Creek is one of a handful of Paleoindian camps, which has survived the taphonomic consequences of time. In this presentation we will discuss our current understanding of the site and it’s inhabitants. The topics discussed include environmental reconstruction and the broader use and reuse of the surrounding region by Paleoindian people. Snapshots of butchering techniques have been captured at Bull Creek as well as differential seasonal use of the site. After the third season of excavation...

Changing Food Choices from Paleoindian to Classic Maya Periods: A Zooarchaeological Analysis (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephanie Orsini. Carolyn Freiwald. Keith Prufer.

Very little is known about Paleoindian and Archaic subsistence strategies of the people of Mesoamerica prior to the development of ceramics as food processing, storage, and serving containers. Rockshelters with good preservation and stratigraphic deposits can provide excellent contexts for a comparative faunal analysis though time. We examine subsistence patterns using the faunal remains from the Maya Hak Cab Pek (MHCP) rock shelter in the Toledo District of southern Belize before and after the...

Characterizing Cut Marks: A Comparison of Cooper and Badger Hole Butchery Patterns (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leland Bement. Kirsten Carlson.

By describing tool cut marks on bones, Eileen Johnson elevated such incisions to the status of artifact. The size, shape, and morphology provided more than just details of cutting but also came with controversy as to whether these marks alone indicated a human presence. Building on the procedures employed by Johnson on the Southern Plains Cooper site bison bones, the Badger Hole kill assemblage is analyzed to provide a comparison of Folsom bison butchery at sites separated by only 0.7 km...

Clovis Origins: A Global Perspective (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Juliet Morrow. Stuart Fiedel.

I review the archaeological record of northern Eurasia and North America from 15,000 to 12,000 cal BP to better define the Clovis cultural complex and identify its most likely area and time of origin. Evidence including a clinal pattern of point style changes indicates migration southward and eastward through North America south of the ice sheets. Diagnostic attributes permit discrimination of early, middle and late Paleoindian assemblages. These data support a relatively simple and parsimonious...

The Clovis-Cumberland-Dalton Succession: The Evolution of Behavioral Adaptations During the Pleistocene/Holocene Transition (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jesse Tune.

Considerable debate has recently been focused on understanding the effects of the Younger Dryas on human behavioral adaptations throughout the Northern Hemisphere. It has been proposed that adverse paleoecological conditions in southeastern North America triggered a decline and/or substantial reorganization in human populations. The Tennessee Paleoindian biface data in the Paleoindian Database of the Americas is used to assess the evolution of behavioral adaptations during the...

Clovis-Killed Mammals (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gary Haynes. Janis Klimowicz.

Published opinion pieces about Clovis prey choices are unintentionally misleading. Over 120 individual animals from 8 extinct megafaunal species (or 12, depending upon taxonomy) were killed by Clovis people in a relatively short time span, according to conservative estimates -- and the number is even higher in some lists. The 11 Clovis sites said to have acceptable evidence for human predation on mammoths actually contain 50-53 separate individuals, some being discrete kills that should be...

Colonization of Northern North America: a view from Eastern Beringia (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ben Potter. Joshua Reuther. Vance Holliday. Charles Holmes.

Recent investigations at multiple well-stratified multi-component sites in interior Eastern Beringia have provided important data on late Pleistocene technology, subsistence economy, and habitat use. Our review incorporates recent multidisciplinary work at Upward Sun River, Mead, and Swan Point. We summarize these data within human ecological perspectives and derive implications for the lifeways of early Beringians. We review the biogeography and early archaeological record for the Ice Free...

Cultural Resource Management Plan for Shaw Air Force Base and Poinsett Range: Final Report (1983)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Ann R. Brown. Timothy W. Jones. Kenneth J. Basalik.

The purpose of this progress report is to comply with the requirements set forth in the Scope of Work. An extensive literature search and knowledgeable informant search was completed as specified in the Scope of Work. A research design following the Scope of Work specifications and the contract proposal prepared by CHRS has been developed. The research design has incorporated the information acquired by the literature and informant research. A predictive model for both the prehistoric and...

Defining Cumberland Lithic Technology: A Study of Biface Technological Variation and Landuse Patterns (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jesse Tune.

Cumberland fluted-bifaces are recognized as being lanceolate, full-fluted points that immediately post-date Clovis in the Midsouth United States. A review of the existing literature reveals brief descriptions of morphology, preliminary explanations of production technology, and speculation about regional fluted-point chronologies. This study examines Cumberland fluted-point technology and regional landuse patterns to develop a greater understanding of human adaptive behaviors during the Younger...

Discovery Bias, Excavation Bias, Clovis Diet, and Archaeological Mythmaking (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Douglas Bamforth.

The myth of Paleoindian big-game specialization has deep roots in our field. None of these roots run deeper than for the Clovis Period, where the vision of humans armed with stone-tipped spears attacking animals the size of extinct elephants has enchanted the public and professional imaginations almost equally. But issues of differential site discovery and investigation run equally deep, and this is especially so for Clovis archaeology. Ancient archaeological sites left by mobile hunters can be...

Documenting Variability Among a Geographic Cluster of Paleoindian Sites on the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation in Southeastern Connecticut (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Zachary Singer. Brian Jones.

Over the past thirty years, many Paleoindian sites have been identified near the Great Cedar Swamp on the Mashantucket Pequot Reservation in Southeastern Connecticut. Examination of isolated Paleoindian lithics and three excavated sites, Hidden Creek, Ohomowauke, and Raspberry Trail highlights Paleoindian site variability on the local landscape. The comparison of the lithic technological organization, intra-site patterning, and age of occupations among the sites provides insight into the...

The early peopling and use of space during the colonization of Southeast of South America (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rafael Suárez.

Research on the early occupation in the Southern Cone has turned its attention to a particular type of diagnostic artifact: the Fishtail points. Archaeological excavations conducted in Uruguay over the last 15 years have allowed indicating the presence of a cultural tradition of bifacial stemmed points, represented by at least three distinct cultural groups defined on the basis of different projectile points types: Fishtail (12,800- 12,200 calibrated yr BP), Tigre (12,000-11,200 calibrated yr...