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Defining Cumberland Lithic Technology: A Study of Biface Technological Variation and Landuse Patterns

Author(s): Jesse Tune

Year: 2015

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Cumberland fluted-bifaces are recognized as being lanceolate, full-fluted points that immediately post-date Clovis in the Midsouth United States. A review of the existing literature reveals brief descriptions of morphology, preliminary explanations of production technology, and speculation about regional fluted-point chronologies. This study examines Cumberland fluted-point technology and regional landuse patterns to develop a greater understanding of human adaptive behaviors during the Younger Dryas. Cumberland biface technology is characterized here based on data collected throughout the entire Midsouth region. Additionally, a model of Cumberland regional landuse was constructed and is compared to Clovis and Dalton landuse patterns. The results of this research help to formally define Cumberland fluted-bifaces as a distinct late Pleistocene technological complex based on aspects of point morphology and landuse patterns.

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Defining Cumberland Lithic Technology: A Study of Biface Technological Variation and Landuse Patterns. Jesse Tune. Presented at The 80th Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, San Francisco, California. 2015 ( tDAR id: 398108)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -91.274; min lat: 24.847 ; max long: -72.642; max lat: 36.386 ;

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America