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Virginia (Other Keyword)

1-25 (26 Records)

1607 to 1619: An Examination of Change over Time at James Fort (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Danny W. Schmidt. Lisa E. Fischer.

Within the first few weeks of landing on Jamestown Island in the spring of 1607 the colonists set about constructing a triangular palisaded fort. At first tents served to house the colonists, and to shelter their place of worship. Slowly but surely with the first public buildings, the storehouse and the church, more permanent structures began to rise. The interior of the fort would see many changes during these years, both reflected in the documentary record as well as the archaeological record....

Camp 'a Colchester: Fairfax County, VA (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT jean Cascardi. Megan B Veness.

Acquired in 2006 the Old Colchester Park and Preserve is over 145 acres located in Lorton, Virginia situated on the Occoquan River and is part of the Fairfax County Park Authority’s system of parks. Archaeological investigations in the park have revealed foundations contemporary to the Colchester port tobacco town that was in operation from ca. 1754-1830. Through research and various survey methods the Colchester Archaeological Research Team (CART) have discovered the presence of numerous...

Characterizing Colonowares from Three Sites in the Central Virginia Piedmont (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Barbara Heath.

First described in the literature in 1962, colonowares were initially interpreted by Ivor Noël Hume as low-cost provisions to enslaved people that substituted for more costly colonial ceramics. Later archaeologists argued that they were the products of enslaved potters or represent a creolized folk pottery that mixed Native American, African and European potting traditions. Whoever made them, a growing body of evidence indicates that they were used by enslaved and free people across racial...

The Comparative Archaeology of Anglo-American Slavery Regimes: Reconsidering the Chesapeake from the Perspective of Bermuda (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Marley Brown III.

Recent comparative scholarship by historians of Anglo-American slavery has emphasized the dynamic relationship between statute law and social practice, particularly as this relationship bears on such issues as economic agency, resistance to enslavement, and collective identity.  This paper revisits selected quarter sites excavated in Tidewater Virginia  in view of the material life of enslaved Bermudians during the eighteenth century.  Recent discoveries at a c. 1720-1860 domestic site in the...

Comparative Ceramics Analysis of Enslaved Contexts at Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Caitlyn C Johnson.

Ceramics and socioeconomic analyses are useful tools for comparing market access, choice, and economic status between sites associated with enslaved people.  Located in Bedford County, Virginia, Poplar Forest plantation was home to enslaved peoples beginning with its establishment in the mid-18th century and continuing through multiple owners until emancipation.  Archaeology conducted since the 1990s has yielded substantial datasets for several different slave quarters on the property, which...

Current Interpretations at the "Cemetery" Site at Old Colchester Park and Preserve (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Erica A. D'Elia.

The Old Colchester Park and Preserve (OCPP), located in southern Fairfax County along the Occoquan River, was acquired by the Fairfax County Park Authority in 2006. The nearly 145 acres of preserved parkland includes numerous prehistoric and historic sites spanning 10,000 years of human occupation. Prominent among these sites is the colonial tobacco port town of Colchester, ca. 1754-1830. Current excavations are focused on the site immediately adjacent to the cemetery, located about half a mile...

Daniel Gookin’s Atlantic World: Comparative Archaeological Landscapes in Ireland and Virginia. (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Luke J. Pecoraro.

This poster illustrates an enhanced comparative approach to understanding colonial projects by using the archaeological biography of Daniel Gookin Jr. (1612-1685), an important but relatively unknown figure involved in English plantation projects in Ireland, Virginia, Maryland, and Massachusetts.  The study of individual biography provides a framework from which to better situate archaeological sites of the seventeenth-century Chesapeake in the greater Atlantic world.  Through creating a broader...

Developing Long-Term Research Goals at Gloucester Point through Problem-Oriented Research (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Lyle Torp.

Fieldwork and archival research has been conducted at Gloucester Point since the mid-1970s, yet only recently has an effort begun to synthesize the data developed from this piecemeal effort. Synthesis requires a concentrated effort at compiling and organizing cartographic and historical records, not solely to develop context and create narratives for the occupants of this place over time, but also to create research questions that can be addressed with the vast amount of available archeological...

The Distribution of Cowrie Shells in Colonial Virginia (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Barbara Heath.

Cowrie shells (Cypraea moneta and Cypraea annulus) have been found in historic contexts associated with African enslavement on New World sites in the Caribbean, the American South, the Middle Atlantic, and the Northeast. Historical archaeologists have come to see these tiny shells as generally indicative of African presence and as specific evidence of spirituality at the sites where they are recovered. In this paper, I examine the role of cowrie shells in the global economies of the 17th, 18th,...

A Historical look at American Archeology

PROJECT Uploaded by: Aaron Deguzman

This project was set up by ASU undergraduate Aaron Deguzman for a individual study project that he did with FPMcManamon in the Spring semester of 2011. Included are digital copies of some of the historic publications he read and some of his written summaries and assessments of these readings. The following two paragraphs are Aaron's statement of what he hoped to get out of the readings course. What I'd like to study is the history of archeology with an emphasis on the public outlook on...

"In a New York State of Mind: Developing Stoneware Traditions in Virginia from Richmond to the Upper Shenandoah Valley" by Kurt C. Russ (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Kurt Russ.

From urban centers like Richmond to backcountry markets in the upper Shenandoah Valley, developing Virginia stoneware manufacturing traditions were strongly influenced by New York and New Jersey production.  The migration of potters rooted in this early transplanted Germanic stoneware tradition -- many sought out by Virginia businessmen and entrepreneurs beginning in the last decade of the eighteenth century – resulted in regional styles and variation in production in Virginia reflective of...

Interpreting The Constructs For Enslaved Worker Housing In Virginia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Douglas W. Sanford.

Scholars from the fields of archaeology, architectural history, and history have established common categories and cultural conditions for the building types used to house enslaved African Americans in Virginia between the 17th century and the American Civil War.  This paper examines architectural, political, and social constructs deemed critical to understanding both the diversity and the patterning of Virginia slave housing.  Recent research regarding surviving slave buildings, together with...

The Landscape through Nat Turner’s Eyes (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Garrett Fesler.

Landscape, to some degree, is in the eye of the beholder. In the late summer of 1831 in Southampton, Virginia, enslaved African Nat Turner led one of the largest slave revolts in U.S. history. Devoutly religious, Turner believed God summoned him to violently rise up against the white master class to end slavery. Where once Turner had gazed upon a bleak rural landscape of captivity—farms, fields, and woods, intersected by dirt roads and footpaths, as he led his insurrection, Turner saw the...

New Directions for Underwater Archaeology in Virginia (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT John D. Broadwater.

More than two thousand ships have been lost in Virginia waters since the first European explorers ventured here. In addition, countless prehistoric sites and historic piers, wharves and other structures now lie underwater. Yet, except for a few significant exceptions, little emphasis has been placed on locating and studying Virginia’s submerged sites. In a partnership with the Virginia Historic Resources Department, the Archeological Society of Virginia recently formed a Maritime Heritage...

Notes on the State of Virginia: Query XI (1801)

DOCUMENT Thomas Jefferson.

Thomas Jefferson, in his mission to describe Virginia, (more or less unknowingly) writes a small ethnographic chapter on the Native Americans that inhabit his place of interest. One intensely interesting point of discussion lies in Jefferson's short description of his archeological findings of a burial mound.

Old Questions, New Direction: Research at Ash Lawn-Highland (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Sara E. Bon-Harper.

As part of Ash Lawn-Highland’s strategic direction, the historic site has undertaken a new phase of research to address lingering mysteries about the standing house and its story as a portion of James Monroe’s 1799 main residence. Addressing the questions involves a multi-disciplinary team and opens the door to the creation of revised public narratives. This paper discusses the points at which uncertainty entered the site’s established narratives, the range of research efforts in the current...

Potomac Portage: Great Falls National Park and the Potomac Divide (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Greg Katz.

Dr. Stephen Potter has a long-standing interest in Great Falls Park, a unit of the George Washington Memorial Parkway (GWMP), in Virginia. The park is located in the Potomac Gorge, a rocky area where rapids divide the upper and lower Potomac River valley. Breathtaking in its beauty, Great Falls was also an important feature of the Native American and Colonial era landscapes. The falls were able to be crossed, but not without difficulty and danger. Native American petroglyphs are concentrated in...

Reexamination of a Small Prehistoric Site in Southeastern Virginia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Courtney Birkett.

Fort Eustis, a small military installation in southeastern Virginia, has over one hundred sites containing prehistoric components, most of which yielded no diagnostic artifacts when identified at the survey level. These sites were subsequently labeled as camps of indeterminate time period and assumed to have little research potential. A recent reinvestigation of one of these supposedly insignificant sites yielded a large quantity of debitage, along with ceramic sherds, concentrated within a very...

Rising from the Dark Marshes: Investigations of an Elite Homestead on Mulberry Island, Virginia (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT pete regan.

Mulberry Island, a peninsula on Virginia’s James River and home to Joint Base Langley-Eustis’ Fort Eustis, is a trove of cultural resources. Among its more than 230 archaeological sites are dozens of indentured, enslaved, and tenant laborers’ ephemeral homesteads. Relatively few sites associated with its economically advantaged minority have been discovered on Mulberry Island, leaving a gap in the archaeological record compounded by the loss of antebellum public records during the Civil War....

Section 106, FCC Guidelines, and Small Project Area Archaeology: Little Footprints can Find Significant Sites (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Sara Ayers-Rigsby.

This paper explores the role of Section 106 compliance in small projects, such as telecommunications facilities, city parks, and fiber routes. Often thought of as less significant by regulatory agencies, state historic preservation offices, and CRM firms themselves, small scale archaeology is capable of identifying national register eligible sites, and can play a critical role in examining areas that have been heavily developed by the private sector and therefore not previously subjected to the...

A Teardrop Shaped Foundation In Fairfax County, Virginia (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Megan B Veness.

The Old Colchester Park and Preserve, located in southern Fairfax County, Virginia consists of approximately 145 acres along the Occoquan River.  This natural and cultural resource Park was acquired by Fairfax County Park Authority in 2006.  Located within the Park along the Occoquan River was the ca. 1754-1830 tobacco port town of Colchester.  Systematic and targeted testing over the past four years by Colchester Archaeology Research Team (CART) has yielded numerous artifacts and features. ...

To be, Rather Than to Seem: Comparative Colonialism and the Idea of the Old North State. (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT J. Eric Deetz. Anna Agbe-Davies.

North Carolina has often been described as "a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit" a sentiment also reflected in the official state motto "to be rather than to seem."  The idea that North Carolina was markedly different from either of its colonial neighbors has been almost universally accepted.  The contrast has been forwarded by North Carolinians for generations, from historians to presidential candidates. For example, the often cited lack of a deep-water port has been used to...

A Trail of Tools: An Analysis Exploring the Procurement, Use, and Repair of Agricultural Tools at George Washington's Mount Vernon (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Lily E Carhart.

During his lifetime, George Washington's Mount Vernon Estate spanned 8,000 acres and encompassed five separate farms, four of which were used for large-scale cultivation of field crops. The exception was Mansion House Farm, where the only cultivation consisted of kitchen gardens, vineyards, and some agricultural experimentation. Yet a substantial number of iron agricultural tools have been found archaeologically. This study addresses the anomaly by focusing specifically on the agricultural hoes...

Uncovering German Identity on the Colonial Virginia Frontier (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Amelia Chisholm.

Archaeological excavations began during the summer of 2016 at Fort Germanna, an 18th century piedmont Virginia fort.  The fort was built in 1714 at the bequest of Governor Alexander Spotswood to expand the western frontier of Virginia.  Fort Germanna was only in existence for 4 years, from 1714-1718, and inhabited by German miners brought to Virginia by Spotswood to set up an iron mine.  While building the research agenda for this project we consider how a German ethnicity and identity could be...

Where did Gloucestertown go? Reconstructing the Disappearance of a Colonial Town (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT David Brown. Thane H. Harpole. Stephen Fonzo. Colleen Betti. Erin S. Schwartz.

Despite more than 40 years of historical and archaeological research on Gloucester Point, the placement of the colonial town grid on the modern landscape is still unclear.  The piecemeal nature of projects resulted in untestable hypotheses based on individual buildings and modern landscape features, rather than stitching together archaeological data from projects from across this area.  While the construction of a comprehensive GIS is underway, and discussed next, an alternative track was...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America