tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

Gender (Other Keyword)

1-25 (105 Records)

Activist Archaeology and Queer Feminist Critiques in Mesoamerican Archaeology (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431729] Chelsea Blackmore. Shankari Patel.

One of the strengths of prehistoric archaeology is its ability to document the full range of human variation. For Latin America, activist archaeology has the potential to inform postcolonial and Third World feminist critiques that challenge white supremacist legal systems that marginalize women of color and indigenous peoples. The false universalisms and cultural essentialisms found in human rights debates ignore the diverse experiences of women’s oppression, especially the indigenous, poor,...

Agent Based Modelling on the origins of the sexual division of labour (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398000] Francisco J. Miguel Quesada. Eduardo Tapia. Débora Zurro. Jorge Caro.

Social differences between men and women are still an object of debate among several areas of knowledge. These differences are the result of a long historical process that led to the establishment of the sexual division of labour as we know it, although we do not know the original cicumstances and steps that initially originated it. In order to throw light on this, we are focusing on hunter-gather societies; ethnographic and historical documentation about these human societies points to...

Aknah and the moon spiners: gender relations and rituals in caves. (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431617] Adriana Sanchez.

Mensabak Lake, in the Lacandon Rainforest, is surrounded by caves that were used as pilgrimage destinations and for different rituals in the Protohistoric period. The role of Maya women in the rituals and ceremonies has been delimited to fertility and dependency stereotypes not only in the historical documents but in the archaeological research. This presentation discusses Maya women’s participation in a multi-regional pilgrimage network having Mensabak as the epicentre.

All are not Hunters that Knap the Stone - A Search for a Woman's Touch in Mesolithic Stone Tool Production (2005)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 421956] Farina Sternke.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...

Antelope Creek Phase Subsistence: the Bone Chemistry Evidence (1994)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 63504] Judith A. Habicht-Mauche. Alytia A. Levendosky. Margaret J. Schoeninger.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

An archaeological investigation of gender on the late prehistoric steppe (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396468] Jeremy Beach. K. Bryce Lowry.

In 1954, Hawkes warned that the intangible aspects of social life are the most difficult for archaeologists to comment on due to distance between object and ideology, the material and the mental world. Certainly, there is an epistemological slippage that can occur when moving between categories of social life that rely on objects to legitimize claims or complete tasks, and those aspects of society which can be veiled within larger, and immaterial, structures or norms—religious beliefs,...

The Archaeology of Gender in Historic America (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 428664] Deb Rotman.

Gendered social relations are fundamental to human experience. The ways in which individuals understand their roles as gendered beings and their relationships to other gendered beings is constantly pushed and pulled by forces both internal and external to the individual and the family/social/economic unit to which they belong at multiple scales from the household to the community to the nation. Identity, sexuality, cultural prescriptions for social roles, socioeconomic class, ethnic heritage,...

The Archaeology of Gendered Resistance at the Industrial Mine in Superior, CO (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435167] Laura E Vernon.

The Industrial Mine at Superior, operating from 1895 to 1945, was one of many coal mines situated within a region known as the Colorado Northern Coal fields. It is exceptional only in that it was one of the largest coal producers in the area and because it was the sole mine in the region with both a company town and company store. This paper examines how camp housing structured the lives of women living at the Industrial Mine, as well as how women altered the camp. Through their gendered...

Beautiful Virgins and Male War Captives: The Role of Sex Attribution in Ancient Maya Human Sacrifice at Midnight Terror Cave, Belize (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430302] Cristina Verdugo. Kimberly Zhu. Lars Fehren-Schmitz.

The prurient element in the popular notion of the Maya sacrifice of "beautiful virgins" during the first half of the twentieth century (Frost and Arnold 1909; Willard 1926) appears to have made researchers wary of the topic of gender in study of human sacrifice. The interest in human sacrifice arose in the 1990s at the same time as the formulation of the warfare hypothesis for the collapse of Maya civilization (Demerast 1990) so that models of human sacrifice tended to assume that victims were...

Behind the Scenes of Hollywood: The Intersectionality of Gender, Whiteness, and Reproductive Health (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435289] Jodi Barnes.

In ongoing research at Hollywood Plantation, a 19th century rural plantation in southeastern Arkansas, intersectionality, with its roots in Black feminist theory, plays two roles. It is an analytical tool for uncovering intersecting power relations, such as gender, whiteness, and reproductive health, as they emerged in the late 19th century. As patent medicines were increasingly marketed to women, medicine bottles provide a lens into rural upper class white women’s healing practices and the ways...

Being A 'Good' Girl: Crafting Gender in Indian Residential Schools (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434103] Sandie Dielissen.

As part of the project of colonialism in North America, churches and missionaries introduced their standards of childhood through the education of Aboriginal peoples. Indian residential schools determined what it meant for Aboriginal girls to become proper women. Western ideals of femininity, modelled behaviour, appearance and clothing, personal possessions, and household goods informed respectability, and Aboriginal girls were taught a Christian home life geared towards removing them from their...

Being a Woman in Roman Gaul: Gendered Votive Offerings in a Colonial Context (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430175] Alena Wigodner.

The annexation of Gaul into the Roman Empire in the mid-first century BCE spurred the development of new religious practices in that region, including the practice of offering votive figurines at sanctuaries. Because each votive represents a personal decision on the part of the dedicant, analysis of votive assemblages provides unique insight into the demographics of worshippers and illuminates aspects of individual identity in this colonial context. Here, I present the results of a quantitative...

Confronting Uncomfortable Pasts: Gender and Domestic Violence in Pennsylvania Company Towns, 1850 to Present (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434706] V. Camille Westmont. Mikaela Girard.

Historical archaeology has an opportunity to tell histories that have been obscured, overlooked, or forgotten, purposefully or otherwise, through the passage of time; however, some of these facets of the past continue to ring true in the present. Archaeologists from the University of Maryland have documented patterns and stories of domestic violence in small company "patch" towns in Northeastern Pennsylvania’s Anthracite coal region covering nearly 100 years of history. Oral histories with town...

Cuts to the Bone: Using Scalping Evidence to Examine the Relationship Between Warfare and Gender in Pre- and Proto-Historic North America (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 398273] Brian Geiger.

Stories of brutal cranial de-fleshing terrorized European settlers throughout colonial North America for centuries. Scalping was simultaneously dreaded by common settlers and promoted by European military leaders. In this context, scalping has often been viewed from a western, etic perspective. However, recent bioarchaeological studies of prehistoric scalping provide an opportunity to examine the cultural contexts of scalping and trophy-taking within American Indian culture, both before and...

Defining Historical Archaeology in New York City: New Terms, New Archaeology (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434540] Elizabeth Martin.

Historical Archaeology was in its early stages as Diana diZerega Wall and her cohort, lead by Bert Salwen at NYU, began to excavate in New York City.  Here I will discuss how the use terms like gender, class, and race were revolutionary at the time and how they have allowed us to investigate further subtleties such as the dialectic relationship between insider and outsider communities.  Wall and her cohort have taught us to work with local descendant communities, bridged the gap between academia...

Direction, Gender, and Cosmology in the Pre-Columbian Textile Technologies of Mesoamerica (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431865] Lois Martin.

Despite the paucity of actual archeological textiles in Mesoamerica, alternative sources provide a picture of pre-Columbian textile technologies. These include: Colonial-era depictions and descriptions, tools, and especially continuities to ethnographic practice. Together, these reveal the centrality of textiles to these societies, and even hint at how textiles conceptually embodied and reflected indigenous cultural norms and notions. I argue that these sources suggest some hitherto...

Empowering Social Justice And Equality By Making Minority Sites And Intersecting Power Dynamics Visible (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435291] Suzanne Spencer-Wood.

Feminist critical intersectional theory emancipates constructions of the past from the symbolic violence of minority group exclusion perpetrated by historical narratives and archaeologies focused on the dominant social group of elite white men. Social justice and equality are empowered by historical markers, districts, heritage trails, statues, conferences, and K-college lesson plans that bring to light historic sites, experiences, and voices of minorities and women who were lost to history....

Engendering the Archaeological Record of the Southern Plateau, Northwestern North America (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404787] Tiffany Fulkerson.

Within the last 30 years, researchers have made considerable advances in the effort to engender the archaeological record in areas of northwestern North America. Despite these developments, archaeological considerations of gender in the southern Plateau remain markedly sparse; rather, studies in the region tend to focus on human-environmental interactions and subsistence, settlement, and technological systems. This study aims to address the relative scarcity of explicit and systematic approaches...

Engendering the Bioarchaeology of the Viking Age (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431400] Chelsi Slotten.

The emergence of sexual orientation stigma or "queerphobia" within Christianity has a deep history that can be traced through historical and archaeological sources. Previous researchers in Mesopotamia argued that "queerphobia" did not exist in ancient times, yet biases against non-normative sexual orientations are continuously debated among contemporary theologians. This paper explores how sexual orientation stigma came to exist in modernity, arguing that the emergence of this phobia parallels...

Engendering the Monongahela: Social and Spatial Dimensions of the Johnston(36In2) Village Site Mortuary Practices (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404620] Ryan Clark.

Since the early 1930s, systematic archaeological excavations of Monongahela sites have produced a large mortuary assemblage. Despite the large number of burials, Monongahela mortuary studies have remained mainly descriptive. Previous attempts to categorize Monongahela mortuary behavior have relied on generalities about Monongahela burial data, masking the importance of gender and age variability within a site. This research presents the results from a study using comparisons of patterns among...

Estuarine Habitats and Plant Gathering During the Woodland Period in Southern Maryland (1996)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 27459] Stuart A. Reeve. Peter E. Siegel.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at

Examining Class, Ethnicity, and Gender in Nineteenth-Century New York City through Patent Medicines (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434546] Meredith Linn.

Patent medicines were immensely popular in the 19th century. They promised astounding cures, were unregulated and relatively inexpensive, and permitted individuals to self-medicate without an interfering physician.  Archaeologists have often begun their interpretations of these curious commodities with the premises that they were lesser quality alternatives to physicians’ prescriptions and thus more appealing to poorer alienated groups (who  used them passively as advertised) than to the...

Exploring Female and Male Ideals, Roles, and Activities at a Colonial through Civil War Landscape at Brunswick Town/Fort Anderson State Historic Site, North Carolina (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434639] Alexandria D. Salisbury. Linda Stine.

In the southeastern portion of North Carolina, near the Cape Fear inlet, Fort Anderson was once a protecting force upheld by Confederate soldiers during the American Civil War.  Previous excavations at a specific encampment inside of Fort Anderson provided artifacts that were once assigned to females' activities.  These artifacts have been deemed quixotic due to the gender restrictions of the fortress.  This presentation examines if and how researchers could tell whether males assumed female...

Feminism, Gender, and Heterarchy (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 403724] Janet Levy.

When archaeologists, largely led by Carole Crumley, began applying the concept of heterarchy to prehistoric contexts, the focus was on social organization writ large. We generally used heterarchy to debate, illuminate, and/or clarify models of non-egalitarianism, stratification, and hierarchy. The concept seems to have come out of analyses of 20th century political systems. Some archaeological scholars of heterarchy have diversified into discussions of other aspects of human experience, such as...

Feminist Post-colonial Theory and the Gendering and Sexing of Colonial landscapes in Western North America (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434014] Suzanne Spencer-Wood.

Research on landscapes of colonization and colonialism has been predominantly ungendered. Feminist post-colonial theories and research have revealed the centrality of gender and sexual systems and power dynamics in the formation of landscapes of colonization and colonialism.  Colonization involves what I call external colonialism, involving invasion and territorial conquest, which was a gendered and sexual landscape process called the conquest of women by the Spanish, and involving English...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America