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Being A 'Good' Girl: Crafting Gender in Indian Residential Schools

Author(s): Sandie Dielissen

Year: 2015

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Summary

As part of the project of colonialism in North America, churches and missionaries introduced their standards of childhood through the education of Aboriginal peoples. Indian residential schools determined what it meant for Aboriginal girls to become proper women. Western ideals of femininity, modelled behaviour, appearance and clothing, personal possessions, and household goods informed respectability, and Aboriginal girls were taught a Christian home life geared towards removing them from their otherwise savage, morally degraded, and uncultured behaviour. Being a ‘good’ girl was reinforced through the material culture and physical environment.  Viewed through a feminist lens, study of the material culture of these institutions provides tangible meaning to the role of education in crafting gender and re-creating identity among Aboriginal women and within Aboriginal communities. This paper explores the relationship between Aboriginal girls and the how the praxis of daily life in these institutions crafted new ideas of gender, gender roles, and gender politics.


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Cite this Record

Being A 'Good' Girl: Crafting Gender in Indian Residential Schools. Sandie Dielissen. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Seattle, Washington. 2015 ( tDAR id: 434103)


Keywords

General
Aboriginal Education Gender

Geographic Keywords
Canada North America

Temporal Keywords
1890-1996


Spatial Coverage

min long: -141.003; min lat: 41.684 ; max long: -52.617; max lat: 83.113 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 572

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America