tDAR Logo tDAR digital antiquity

The Archaeology of Gendered Resistance at the Industrial Mine in Superior, CO

Author(s): Laura E Vernon

Year: 2017

» Downloads & Basic Metadata


The Industrial Mine at Superior, operating from 1895 to 1945, was one of many coal mines situated within a region known as the Colorado Northern Coal fields. It is exceptional only in that it was one of the largest coal producers in the area and because it was the sole mine in the region with both a company town and company store. This paper examines how camp housing structured the lives of women living at the Industrial Mine, as well as how women altered the camp. Through their gendered positions, women contributed economically to the family unit, and therefore to the mine. At the same time, women engaged in acts of resistance against the company, especially in times of labor unrest. Archaeological investigation and oral histories highlight the ways in which women, through their daily lives, shaped life in camp housing and contributed to labor struggles.


This Resource is Part of the Following Collections

Cite this Record

The Archaeology of Gendered Resistance at the Industrial Mine in Superior, CO. Laura E Vernon. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435167)


Temporal Keywords
1895-1945 CE

Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 265

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America