Starch Analysis (Other Keyword)
1-25 (189 Records)
AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF BISON BONE AND POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES OF A SHERD FROM THE FRED BURR #1 SITE (24GN1095), MONTANA (2013)
Two bison bone fragments were recovered from the Fred Burr #1 site (24GN1095), located on the bank of Fred Burr Creek east of Philipsburg in western Montana. These bison bone fragments were submitted for AMS radiocarbon age determination. A refit sherd also recovered from the site was submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue (FTIR) analyses.
ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC RESIDUES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR A PIPE STEM FROM THE HURDY GURDY BRIDGE SITE (CA-DNO-1028), DEL NORTE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2012)
A stone pipe stem recovered from the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge Site (CA-DNO-1028) in Del Norte County, northwestern California, was examined for pollen, phytolith, and starch evidence of use. In addition, the organic residue signature was examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). An AMS radiocarbon date was obtained on organic compounds (humates) that had penetrated the ceramic matrix of the pipe.
CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE J.W. WILLIAMS II SITE (34LF25), LEFLORE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (2011)
Three ceramic sherds from a Woodland period “black midden” mound at the J.W. Williams II site (34Lf25) in LeFlore County, Oklahoma were submitted for ceramic (pollen, phytolith, starch) and organic residue analysis. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue analyses provide information regarding diet, specifically plants and/or animals processed using ceramic vessels at this site.
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS (PHYTOLITHS AND STARCH) OF A SHERD FROM 41SM325, LEANING ROCK SITE, TEXAS (2005)
A single ceramic sherd recovered from the Leaning Rock Site, 41SM325, representing a Caddo household in eastern Smith County, Texas, contained charred residue that was examined for phytolith and/or starch evidence of foods that might have been cooked in the vessel. This plain rim sherd appeared to be part of a large jar.
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CERAMIC SHERDS FROM SITE 10Oa275, ONEIDA COUNTY, IDAHO (2010)
Three ceramic sherds, 29-88-5, 29-88-6, and 29-92-1, were submitted for ceramic analysis. The Promontory Gray sherds, samples 29-88-5 and 29-88-6, were fragments of a Promontory gray globular-shaped jar that would have measured roughly 18 to 20 cm in diameter and roughly 15 cm in height when intact. This vessel was presumed to have been used as a bone grease rendering vessel and dated between A.D. 1450 and 1650. Both sherds (29-88-5 and 29-88-6) were treated as a single sherd sample. The third...
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS AND RADIOCARBON DATING OF CERAMIC RESIDUE FROM SITE 8BY1347, FLORIDA (2012)
Three ceramic sherds with visible charred residue were submitted for phytolith, starch, and AMS radiocarbon dating analyses. These items were recovered from site 8BY1347, a shell midden site located on the Tyndall Air Force Base near Panama City, Florida. These analyses are used to determine the age of the artifacts and to identify some of the foods that might have been cooked or stored using the vessels represented by these sherds.
A late Middle Woodland ceramic sherd, recovered from a midden, was submitted for phytolith and starch analysis of the residue to identify any remnants of food adhering to the vessel. The cultural level from which this sherd was removed yielded a conventional radiocarbon age of 1810 ± 60 BP.
CERAMIC RESIDUE STUDY FOR SITE 8PB6, FLORIDA: POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, FTIR, AND RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS (2007)
Two ceramic sherds from pot busts at site 8PB6, the Boca Raton Inlet Midden 3 site, in southeast Florida were submitted for analysis of residue and radiocarbon dating. Analysis of the residue for pollen, starch, and phytoliths provides an opportunity to record visual, microscopic evidence of food processing. Examination of the residue with Fourier Transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) to obtain an infra-red spectrum provides information on the presence of lipids and di- and tri-glycerides,...
EXAMINATION OF FIVE PIECES OF GROUNDSTONE FROM LANDER CDUNTY, CENTRAL NEVADA, FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, STARCH GRANULES, AND BLOOD RESIDUE TO INTERPRET SUBSISTENCE ACTIVITIES (1993)
Five pieces of groundstone were evaluated to assess the potential for further studies of this material to provide subsistence information. Ground stone was recovered from three sites in Lander County, central Nevada. Pollen, phytolith, starch granules, and blood residue were examined from these pieces of groundstone to assess the potential for further analysis of groundstone artifacts from sites in this vicinity. This study addresses specific recovery of these remains from the five pieces of...
A complete grayware jar with banded neck was recovered from the sidewall of a looter’s pit at 42SA14237. The jar and its undisturbed contents were mailed to PaleoResearch Institute, Inc. for study. While carefully pouring out the sand from the jar, we noted another small vessel inside the grayware banded neck vessel (Figure 1:A). We continued to pour out the sand while holding that tiny vessel in place, then retrieved it using a pair of tweezers. Beneath the tiny vessel was a mass of charred...
PolIen, starch, and phytolith analysis were conducted on sediment samples from the Baksihi Site in Cebu, Philippines to assess future possibilities for analysis and interpretation of the archaeobotanic and/or paleoenvironmental record. These samples represent exposures 250 and 300 m inland from the contemporary mean tidal zone.
Pollen, starch, and phytolith analyses were conducted on two samples from the Aleonar site on Tagotong Hill, a ritual hilltop site of Neolithic Age on Cebu in the Philippines. Samples were collected from a midden accumulation in a probable ceremonial area. Analyses were conducted to identify both local vegetation and any evidence of ritual use of plants.
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL AND POLLEN, STARCH, PHYTOLITH, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSES AT THE GENEVIEVE LYKES DUNCAN SITE, 41BS2615, TEXAS (2011)
Charcoal samples from the Genevieve Lykes Duncan Site, 41BS2615, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. This site is a buried, open campsite located in Brewster County, Texas, and includes three locales. This area experienced multiple occupations including Paleoindian, Early Archaic, and Middle Archaic. Charcoal was recovered from features exposed in the vertical cut bank of an unnamed arroyo running generally northeast to southwest at this site. Identification of charcoal...
THE LEWIS AND CLARK TRAIL: EXAMINATION OF PIT FEATURES FROM FORT CLATSOP, OREGON FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, PARASITES, STARCH GRANULES, AND MACROFLORAL REMAINS; AND POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSIS OF SEDIMENT FROM FIRE FEATURES AT LOWER PORTAGE CAMP, MONTANA (1998)
Sediment from a suspected privy pit and a post hole at Fort Clatsop, Oregon, was examined for pollen, starch, parasites, phytoliths, and macrofloral remains to obtain information that might assist in identifying the function of these pits. The presence of parasite eggs and/or recovery of probable food remains are used to determine a privy function. Three fire features and an area of possible cooking pot spill at the Lewis and Clark Lower Portage Camp in Montana also were examined for pollen,...
THE LEWIS AND CLARK TRAIL: EXAMINATION OF PIT FEATURES FROM FORT CLATSOP, OREGON, FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, PARASITES, STARCH GRANULES, AND MACROFLORAL REMAINS (2002)
Ten samples collected stratigraphically through sediment from a suspected privy pit and a post mold at Fort Clatsop, Oregon, were examined for pollen, starch, parasites, phytoliths, and macrofloral remains to obtain information that might assist in identifying the function of these features. The presence or absence of parasite eggs and/or recovery of probable food remains are used to contribute to an interpretation of privy function.
MACROFLORAL, PHYTOLITH, POLLEN, STARCH, AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR), ANALYSES OF STRUCTURAL MATERIAL AND RESIDUE FROM A COATED INFANT BUNDLE BURIAL BASKET, VAL VERDE COUNTY, TEXAS (2010)
Fiber and rib material from a coated basket recovered in a rockshelter site in Val Verde County, Texas, was submitted for identification to determine the construction material for the basket. Black residue removed from the inside surface of the basket was examined for pollen, phytoliths, and organic residues (using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy) to obtain a better understanding of the residue. The basket was found covering an infant burial that had been wrapped in two layers of...
MACROFLORAL, POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, AND PARASITE ANALYSIS OF THREE NINETEENTH CENTURY PRIVIES LOCATED AT SANTA CLARA UNIVERSITY; SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA (2007)
Twenty-seven samples from three privies (Features 6, 14 and 62) discovered at Santa Clara University in Santa Clara, California, were submitted for archaeobotanic analyses. These three privies are associated with a German immigrant community that dated to the latter half of the nineteenth century. Each of the samples was analyzed for macrofloral remains, pollen, starch, and the presence or absence of parasites. One sample from each privy was also examined for phytoliths. The macrofloral,...
MACROFLORAL, POLLEN, STARCH, AND PROTEIN RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE MALIN CREEK FISHING HOLE SITE, 24YE353, YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING (2004)
Six soil samples from four fire-cracked rock features at the Malin Creek Fishing Hole Site, 24YE353, in Yellowstone National Park, Montana, were floated to recover macrofloral remains. One metate was washed to recover pollen, starches, and possible protein residues that would aid in identifying plants processed using the metate. Lithic artifacts and radiocarbon dates reflect Late Paleoindian, McKean (3500-1000 B.C.), Pelican Lake (1000 B.C. to A.D. 400), and Avonlea (A.D. 250-1000)...
A fragment of a steatite bowl was submitted for pollen, starch, and phytolith analysis, as well as for AMS radiocarbon dating. Establishing a date for this residue and vessel is critical to understanding the context of its use.
The Fort Hill Site (46-Mg-12) located outside the city limits of Morgantown, West Virginia, in Monongalia County, represents relatively recent occupations, falling within the past approximate 1,000 years. An abundance of charred maize was recovered at the site, indicating that people living here were agriculturalists. Five lots of ceramics were chosen for residue analysis to identify foods that might have been cooked in the vessels.
Site HjCl-9 (Uivak Point 1) is located in Labrador, Canada. This protohistoric spring/winter/fall settlement camp containing nine houses is thought to have been occupied in the seventeenth and/or eighteenth centuries. Two samples from a possible human coprolite sample, collected as organic fill under a sleeping platform in House 7, were examined for pollen, phytolith, parasites, and starch. These analyses will be used to provide information regarding the subsistence patterns of the early...
A ceramic vessel, recovered on the west side of Pikes Peak, Colorado exhibited charred residue on the interior. This residue was scraped off for microscopic analysis. In addition, a wash of the interior surface of the vessel under the residue was collected also for microscopic analysis. Microscopic analysis included a search for any pollen, phytoliths, or starches visible in the samples to provide evidence of foods that might have been cooked in the vessel.
MICROSCOPIC EXAMINATION OF POLLEN, PHYTOLlTH, AND STARCH REMOVED FROM POVERTY POINT OBJECTS, POVERTY POINT, LOUISIANA (2001)
Poverty Point Objects are "hand-molded backed clay cooking objects" (Gibson 1999:2). Because the area around Poverty Point contained few rocks, Poverty Point Objects are thought to have been used much like rocks that are heated and used to heat or boil foods in a container. Thirteen Poverty Point Objects and one steatite fragment were examined for pollen, phytoliths, and starches that might point to foods cooked using Poverty Point Objects as heat sources. In addition, two pollen samples...
ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF A MORTAR FROM THE TULE CREEK VILLAGE (CA-SNI-25), SAN NICOLAS ISLAND, CHANNEL ISLANDS, CALIFORNIA (2012)
A sandstone mortar recovered from the Tule Creek Village (CA-SNI-25) on San Nicolas Island in the Channel Islands of California was submitted for organic residue analysis. The artifact was tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). This analysis provides information concerning the compounds that were extracted from the mortar. Information concerning foods that might have been ground using the mortar is derived from matches with our reference library of raw...