Starch Analysis (Other Keyword)
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Two bison bone fragments were recovered from the Fred Burr #1 site (24GN1095), located on the bank of Fred Burr Creek east of Philipsburg in western Montana. These bison bone fragments were submitted for AMS radiocarbon age determination. A refit sherd also recovered from the site was submitted for pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue (FTIR) analyses.
ANALYSIS OF ORGANIC RESIDUES AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING FOR A PIPE STEM FROM THE HURDY GURDY BRIDGE SITE (CA-DNO-1028), DEL NORTE COUNTY, CALIFORNIA (2012)
A stone pipe stem recovered from the Hurdy Gurdy Bridge Site (CA-DNO-1028) in Del Norte County, northwestern California, was examined for pollen, phytolith, and starch evidence of use. In addition, the organic residue signature was examined using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). An AMS radiocarbon date was obtained on organic compounds (humates) that had penetrated the ceramic matrix of the pipe.
CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE J.W. WILLIAMS II SITE (34LF25), LEFLORE COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (2011)
Three ceramic sherds from a Woodland period “black midden” mound at the J.W. Williams II site (34Lf25) in LeFlore County, Oklahoma were submitted for ceramic (pollen, phytolith, starch) and organic residue analysis. Samples were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Pollen, phytolith, starch, and organic residue analyses provide information regarding diet, specifically plants and/or animals processed using ceramic vessels at this site.
CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE KILLDEER SITE (23CK310), AVENUE OF THE SAINTS PROJECT, CLARK COUNTY, MISSOURI (2009)
Three Early Woodland ceramic sherds from the Killdeer Site (23CK310) in Clark County, Missouri, were submitted for organic residue analysis. One of the sherds exhibiting visible residue was also examined for pollen, starch, and phytoliths. Sherds were tested for organic residues using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR).
CERAMIC AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE LEVEE (12D363) AND KELLER (12D509) SITES, DEARBORN COUNTY, INDIANA (2010)
Six ceramic sherds from the Levee (12D363) and Keller (12D509) sites in Dearborn County, Indiana were submitted for ceramic and organic residue analysis. Organic residues will be examined using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). Ceramic and organic residue (FTIR) analysis will be used to provide information regarding foods and other materials processed and/or contained in the vessels represented by these sherds.
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS (PHYTOLITHS AND STARCH) OF A SHERD FROM 41SM325, LEANING ROCK SITE, TEXAS (2005)
A single ceramic sherd recovered from the Leaning Rock Site, 41SM325, representing a Caddo household in eastern Smith County, Texas, contained charred residue that was examined for phytolith and/or starch evidence of foods that might have been cooked in the vessel. This plain rim sherd appeared to be part of a large jar.
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CERAMIC SHERDS FROM SITE 10Oa275, ONEIDA COUNTY, IDAHO (2010)
Three ceramic sherds, 29-88-5, 29-88-6, and 29-92-1, were submitted for ceramic analysis. The Promontory Gray sherds, samples 29-88-5 and 29-88-6, were fragments of a Promontory gray globular-shaped jar that would have measured roughly 18 to 20 cm in diameter and roughly 15 cm in height when intact. This vessel was presumed to have been used as a bone grease rendering vessel and dated between A.D. 1450 and 1650. Both sherds (29-88-5 and 29-88-6) were treated as a single sherd sample. The third...
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS AND RADIOCARBON DATING OF CERAMIC RESIDUE FROM SITE 8BY1347, FLORIDA (2012)
Three ceramic sherds with visible charred residue were submitted for phytolith, starch, and AMS radiocarbon dating analyses. These items were recovered from site 8BY1347, a shell midden site located on the Tyndall Air Force Base near Panama City, Florida. These analyses are used to determine the age of the artifacts and to identify some of the foods that might have been cooked or stored using the vessels represented by these sherds.
CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS FOR A CERAMIC SHERD FROM THE HAYES SITE (15CL67) (2004)
A late Middle Woodland ceramic sherd, recovered from a midden, was submitted for phytolith and starch analysis of the residue to identify any remnants of food adhering to the vessel. The cultural level from which this sherd was removed yielded a conventional radiocarbon age of 1810 ± 60 BP.
CERAMIC RESIDUE AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSES AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF A VESSEL FROM SITE 34MC1149, McCURTAIN COUNTY, OKLAHOMA (2019)
Site 34MC1149 is located on U.S. Army Corps of Engineers fee-owned lands at Pine Creek Lake, 21 km northeast of the town of Fort Towson, Oklahoma. When the site was occupied in the Late Sanders (ca. AD 1200–1300) and McCurtain phases (ca. AD 1300–1700), it was situated on an upland landform overlooking the Little River Valley (Shannon R. Ryan, personal communication, January 21, 2019). R. Christopher Goodwin & Associates (RCG&A) submitted a nearly complete ceramic vessel (Sample 1) to...
CERAMIC RESIDUE AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF A SHERD FROM SITE 33FR1303, FRANKLIN COUNTY, OHIO (2017)
Site 33FR1303 is situated near Hamilton Township in Franklin County, Ohio, on a floodplain and terrace overlooking an abandoned Scioto River channel. Two Early Woodland prehistoric ceramic sherds exhibiting interior residue, excavated from a sub plow zone ceramic concentration, were submitted for ceramic residue and fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis to determine foods and/or medicines processed in this vessel and inform concerning use of the site in the Early Woodland...
CERAMIC RESIDUE AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS, CHARCOAL IDENTIFICATION, AND AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION OF SAMPLES FROM THE RIVER FARM SITE (18AN881), ANNE ARUNDEL COUNTY, MARYLAND (2017)
The River Farm site (18AN881) exhibits Early Archaic through Late Woodland components, as well as historic use. It is situated on the eastern bank of the Patuxent River in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. Several features were observed, two of which were sampled for analysis. Two ceramic sherds exhibiting charred food crust and two closely associated charred botanic fragments were submitted for AMS radiocarbon analysis. Microscopic analysis of the contents of the charred food crust from both...
CERAMIC RESIDUE STUDY FOR SITE 8PB6, FLORIDA: POLLEN, PHYTOLITH, STARCH, FTIR, AND RADIOCARBON ANALYSIS (2007)
Two ceramic sherds from pot busts at site 8PB6, the Boca Raton Inlet Midden 3 site, in southeast Florida were submitted for analysis of residue and radiocarbon dating. Analysis of the residue for pollen, starch, and phytoliths provides an opportunity to record visual, microscopic evidence of food processing. Examination of the residue with Fourier Transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR) to obtain an infra-red spectrum provides information on the presence of lipids and di- and tri-glycerides,...
CERAMIC, PROTEIN, X-RAY DIFFRACTION (XRD), AND ORGANIC RESIDUE (FTIR) ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM THE FORKS SITE (DLLG-33/08A), WINNIPEG, MANITOBA (2009)
Four ceramic rim sherds and a chitho from the Forks Site (DlLg-33/08A), a prehistoric riverine trade loci, located in downtown Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, were submitted for ceramic and organic residue analysis. In addition, a grinder/hammer stone, a biface, and a retouched flake were examined for protein residue. The grinder/hammer stone was also tested for organic residues, as was visible residue from a limestone ochre bowl. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) will be used to verify the residue on the...
CHARCOAL AND BOTANIC IDENTIFICATION, AMS RADIOCARBON AGE DETERMINATION, AND CERAMIC RESIDUE ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES FROM SITE RI 935, PROVIDENCE COUNTY, RHODE ISLAND (2017)
Site RI 935 lies at the confluence of the Woonasquatucket and Moshassuck Rivers in Providence, Rhode Island. Two excavation areas, Carpenter’s Point and North Shore, revealed pre-contact deposits indicating occupation within the Middle Archaic Period and especially during the Late and Transitional Archaic Periods. Intensive use of this area also is noted around and after ~ AD 1000 (Late Woodland). Charcoal and charred botanic samples from 11 features were submitted for identification and AMS...
COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF A CULTURAL DEPOSIT BEHIND THE CHARLES WONG BAKERY, LEVUKA, FIJI (2008)
A Chinese bakery was built in the 1920s on fill that enlarged the narrow strip of land on the southeast side of the Island of Ovalau in the Fijian Archipelago, on which much of the town of Levuka is built. Since the beach was narrow in this area, many of the first commercial structures were built on fill. The bakery is located to the north of Charlie Wong’s house. Cultural deposits that appear to represent a midden behind the house, excavated in 2007, were examined to identify likely local...
COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF A CULTURAL DEPOSIT BEHIND THE CHARLES WONG BAKERY, LEVUKA, FIJI (2007)
A Chinese bakery was built in the 1920s on fill that enlarged the narrow strip of land on the southeast side of the Island of Ovalau in the Fijian Archipelago, on which much of the town of Levuka is built. Since the beach was narrow in this area, many of the first commercial structures were built on fill. Cultural deposits that appear to represent a midden behind the structure were examined to identify likely local vegetation at the time they accumulated, which is assumed to be associated with...
COMPREHENSIVE ANALYSIS OF CULTURAL DEPOSITS BEHIND THE CHARLES WONG HOUSE, LEVUKA, FIJI (2009)
A Chinese house was built in the 1920s on fill that enlarged the narrow strip of land on the southeast side of the Island of Ovalau in the Fijian Archipelago, on which much of the town of Levuka is built. Since the beach was narrow in this area, many of the first commercial structures were built on fill. A bakery is located to the north of Charlie Wong’s house. Cultural deposits that appear to represent a midden behind the house, excavated in 2007, were examined to identify likely local...
EXAMINATION OF FIVE PIECES OF GROUNDSTONE FROM LANDER CDUNTY, CENTRAL NEVADA, FOR POLLEN, PHYTOLITHS, STARCH GRANULES, AND BLOOD RESIDUE TO INTERPRET SUBSISTENCE ACTIVITIES (1993)
Five pieces of groundstone were evaluated to assess the potential for further studies of this material to provide subsistence information. Ground stone was recovered from three sites in Lander County, central Nevada. Pollen, phytolith, starch granules, and blood residue were examined from these pieces of groundstone to assess the potential for further analysis of groundstone artifacts from sites in this vicinity. This study addresses specific recovery of these remains from the five pieces of...
EXAMINATION OF NESTED VESSEL CONTENTS, 42SA14237, SAN JUAN COUNTY, UTAH (2016)
A complete grayware jar with banded neck was recovered from the sidewall of a looter’s pit at 42SA14237. The jar and its undisturbed contents were mailed to PaleoResearch Institute, Inc. for study. While carefully pouring out the sand from the jar, we noted another small vessel inside the grayware banded neck vessel (Figure 1:A). We continued to pour out the sand while holding that tiny vessel in place, then retrieved it using a pair of tweezers. Beneath the tiny vessel was a mass of charred...
EXAMINATION OF ORGANIC RESIDUES, BASKETRY, AND BOTANIC REMAINS FROM AZTEC RUINS, NEW MEXICO (2009)
Four residue samples from rooms in the West Ruin at Aztec Ruins, New Mexico, were examined to identify the contents of the residue. Two of these residue samples were collected from baskets. As appropriate, analysis of the residue samples included macrofloral examination and/or microscopic identification of starches and phytoliths. A botanic sample from Kiva D and material from the foundation of a coiled basketry ladle also were submitted for identification.
EXPLORATORY POLLEN AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE BAKSIHI SITE, CEBU, PHILIPPINES (2004)
PolIen, starch, and phytolith analysis were conducted on sediment samples from the Baksihi Site in Cebu, Philippines to assess future possibilities for analysis and interpretation of the archaeobotanic and/or paleoenvironmental record. These samples represent exposures 250 and 300 m inland from the contemporary mean tidal zone.
EXPLORATORY POLLEN, STARCH, AND PHYTOLITH ANALYSIS FOR THE ALEONAR SITE, CEBU, PHILIPPINES (2005)
Pollen, starch, and phytolith analyses were conducted on two samples from the Aleonar site on Tagotong Hill, a ritual hilltop site of Neolithic Age on Cebu in the Philippines. Samples were collected from a midden accumulation in a probable ceremonial area. Analyses were conducted to identify both local vegetation and any evidence of ritual use of plants.
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park
IDENTIFICATION AND AMS RADIOCARBON DATING OF CHARCOAL AND POLLEN, STARCH, PHYTOLITH, AND MACROFLORAL ANALYSES AT THE GENEVIEVE LYKES DUNCAN SITE, 41BS2615, TEXAS (2011)
Charcoal samples from the Genevieve Lykes Duncan Site, 41BS2615, were submitted for identification and AMS radiocarbon dating. This site is a buried, open campsite located in Brewster County, Texas, and includes three locales. This area experienced multiple occupations including Paleoindian, Early Archaic, and Middle Archaic. Charcoal was recovered from features exposed in the vertical cut bank of an unnamed arroyo running generally northeast to southwest at this site. Identification of charcoal...