Texas (Other Keyword)

1-25 (39 Records)

Analysis of a late Archaic hearth feature at the Debra L. Friedkin Site in central Texas (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tyler Laughlin. Anna Dean.

The Debra L. Friedkin Site (41BL1239) near Salado, Texas, is the oldest known, continually occupied site in North America. While the previous focus of excavations and analyses at the Friedkin Site has been on Paleoindian strata, this site also has extensive early and late Archaic components, and recent excavations in 2015 and 2016 uncovered a 3 m x 5 m series of five overlapping hearth features in the late Archaic strata (14C 4,000-1,250 B.P.). Projectile points, tools and organic materials...


Antioch Colony and the Archaeology of Texas Freedmen Descendants (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maria Franklin.

In the aftermath of the Civil War, a small group of black families founded Antioch Colony in rural Hays County, TX. This enclave of kin-related households rapidly became a beacon for other emancipated blacks who were drawn to the colony’s church and school. The settlement’s growth and stability hinged upon the success of farming households to work together, stay out of debt, and retain their hard-earned land. Archaeological and oral history research focused on the descendants of these pioneering...


Archaeological Investigations of the Treviño-Uribe Rancho (41ZP97), San Ygancio, Zapata County, Texas (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ashley E. Jones. Steve A. Tomka. Kristi M Nichols. Mark P. Luzmoor.

Recent archaeological investigations of foundations and anomalies encountered during a previous ground-penetrating radar (GPR) survey at the Treviño-Uribe Rancho (41ZP97) provided insight into the lives of ranchers on the Spanish Frontier in the borderlands region. In 1820, Jesús Treviño was granted the land as part of the Nuevo Santander Colony (c. 1748-1835).  By 1830, Treviño constructed a one-room, fortified shelter as an outpost.  Additions to this structure created a...


Archaeology of the American Southwest: Comparing the Mythology of the Frontier with Daily Life in Fort Davis, Texas (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alexandra D Walton.

The mythology of the frontier has captured the imaginations of generations of Americans. Images of cowboys, ranchers, and gold miners have become the idealized subjects of wild west shows, dime novels, paintings, and films.  Even today, the legends of Buffalo Bill, Jesse James, and Calamity Jane are still widely known.  In an attempt to examine how these romantic myths have shaped the lives of those living in the Southwest, this poster presentation will analyze 20th century cultural material...


Between the Mythic and the Material: Texas Exceptionalism and Early Austin History (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Noel Harris.

Popular histories portray the Republic of Texas capital city of Austin between 1839 and 1846 as a crude frontier town, characterized by Anglo-American heroism and material deprivation. By stressing these aspects of Republic-era life, such histories omit many facets of early Austin’s social history, including enslaved forced migration and individualism that diverge from this narrative. This research carefully examines extant objects, architecture, and primary source documents to suggest an...


Blazing Trails and Chasing Scoundrels: Kathleen K. Gilmore’s contribution to Spanish Colonial Archaeology in Texas and the Relentless Pursuit of Presidio Captain Felipe Rabago y Teran. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Tamra Walter.

No history of Spanish Colonial archaeology in Texas is complete without addressing the accomplishments of Dr. Kathleen K. Gilmore. When reviewing her nearly 50-year career as an archaeologist, one is hard-pressed to find a Texas mission, presidio, rancho, or settlement that Dr. Gilmore did not visit, research, excavate, or write about. Among her most important projects were the missions and presidio of San Xavier in present-day Milam County. While researching the site, Dr. Gilmore became...


Bold Rascals: The Archaeology of Blockade Running in the Western Gulf (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Andrew Hall. J. Barto Arnold.

  Archaeological study and historical research have combined to present a detailed picture of blockade running in the western Gulf of Mexico during the American Civil War. From the beginning of the conflict until weeks after Appomattox, the Confederate coastline west of the Mississippi was a hive of blockade-running activity, first with sailing vessels and later with steamships. The wrecks of the paddle steamers Will o’ the Wisp, Acadia, and Denbigh, all dating from the final months of the war,...


Buttoning Up The Social Fabric: Clothing Fasteners Of An Alsatian Immigrant Household (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Maxwell Forton.

Excavations of the Biry House of Castroville, Texas have produced a diverse assemblage of clothing buttons dating from the 1840s through the 1930s. This paper explores how these buttons are being used to create a more holistic understanding of the lives of these Alsatian immigrants and their descendants. Such buttons are a common occurrence among domestic assemblages of the 19th and 20th century, but these humble artifacts may actively shape the narratives of individual lives and the communities...


The Castro Colonies Heritage Association's Living History Center: An Introduction to the Archaeological Project (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ruth Van Dyke.

In the 1840s, empresario Henri di Castro brought Alsatian settlers from the Rhine Valley to south Texas, where the new arrivals joined established Mexican families, German immigrants, and displaced Apache.  Today, the Castro Colonies Heritage Association (CCHA) is transforming a 19th-century property into a Living History Center, intended as a focal point for Alsatian heritage tourism. In partnership with the CCHA, Binghamton University archaeologists have completed three excavation seasons at...


Clovis knapping behaviors: What were they thinking!? (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nancy Velchoff Littlefield. Thomas Williams.

Clovis biface manufacturing represents a complex flaked stone reduction technology (Bradley, et al. 2010:64) where extant evidence has established that Clovis knappers possessed a high degree of skill in their craft. Most Clovis behaviors have been gleaned from data-rich Clovis caches and kill-sites. However, quantitative data is limited on Clovis flaked stone debris, and thus, remains an open research issue. One issue raised is the careful preparation of striking platforms during biface and...


Death in Texas: Burials Patterns Within the Campo Santo of San Fernando Cathedral in San Antonio (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Raymond Mauldin. Cynthia M Munoz. John Reynolds. Clinton, M. McKenzie. Megan Brown. Karlee Jeffery.

In 2016 and 2017, CAR-UTSA conducted limited exploration of a portion of a Campo Santo associated with San Fernando Cathedral in San Antonio. As a component of that work, we reviewed a summary of parish records that provided information on roughly 1,800 interments. Focusing on the period between 1809 and 1848, during which time San Antonio transitioned from an outpost on the northern frontier of Mexico to a town under US jurisdiction, we explore three broad categories of death. These are...


El Sauz chert: physical and chemical characterization of a long-used lithic resource in south Texas (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Russell Skowronek. Juan Gonzalez. James Hinthore. Ronald Bishop.

El Sauz chert is a lithic resource in south Texas that was used to make stone tools dating from Early Archaic (3500-6000 BC) to Late Prehistoric (AD 700) times. Located in Starr County, Texas a few miles north of the Rio Grande are two chert quarries associated with altered rhyolitic ash of the Catahoula Formation. Given its restricted occurrence, El Sauz chert offers a unique opportunity to study prehistoric exchange and resource procurement. Tools of this chert are common east of the...


Exploring Occupation Patterns in the Lower Pecos and Central Texas Regions over the Last 9,000 Years using Radiocarbon Dates (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Raymond Mauldin. Emily McCuistion. Leonard Kemp. Cynthia Munoz.

We use summed probability distributions derived from radiocarbon sequences as a gross measure of prehistoric occupation patterns for two regions in Texas. The first sequence consists of over 325 dates from the Lower Pecos Region, located along the Rio Grande and Pecos Rivers. The region has over 40 years of radiocarbon dating, with dates in this database coming from multiple excavation projects that were frequently focused on shelters and cave. The second dataset comes from the Upper San Antonio...


"A Formidable Looking Pile of Iron Boilers and Machinery": The Conservation and Reconstruction of USS Westfield. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Justin A Parkoff.

During the American Civil War, USS Westfield served as the Union's flagship for operations along the Texas Gulf Coast. On January 1, 1863, Westfield was destroyed by her captain at the Battle of Galveston to avoid capture. In 2009, the disarticulated artifact debris field was recovered from the Texas City Channel in advance of a dredging project. After five years of extensive conservations efforts, these artifacts were reconstructed into a large exhibit at the Texas City Museum. This...


From the Prehistoric to the Hippie-era: An Archaeological and Historical Inventory of Peaceable Kingdom, Washington County, Texas (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Rhiana D. Casias. Jennifer K. McWilliams.

Peaceable Kingdom (PK) is a 250-acre property situated within the Brazos River drainage basin in Washington County, Texas. Initially part of land owned by one of Stephen F. Austin’s original 300 colonists, the property has experienced a unique and colorful history including an African-American freedom colony and a 1970's school for self-sufficient living. In the summer of 2012 the Texas Tech Archaeological Field School launched a full-scale pedestrian survey of PK in order to inventory all...


Gender And Adaptation On The Texas Frontier (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samuel M. Stansel.

The Biry House in Castroville, Texas is an archaeological site which presents a unique perspective on frontier life through the eyes of Alsatian immigrants who were thrust into a strange and sometimes hostile new environment. This study examines the ways in which the frontier setting may have affected gender roles and daily responsibilities. It will also examine how these might have changed over time as the residents of the Biry House adapted and settled into their surroundings over successive...


Generations of farming in Jim Crow's East Texas (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Sarah Loftus.

Life following emancipation in the southern United States during the late nineteenth and twentieth century was marked by painful static continuities and contradictions as people worked to dismantle deeply engrained structures and ideologies of white supremacy. The following considers this period of transformation on a local scale, looking at the household consumption choices of the Davis family, members of the Bethel African American community in East Texas. They and their fellow black neighbors...


Geoarchaeological Investigation at Buffalo Ranch Site, Burleson County, Texas (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Analise Hollingshead. Michael Waters.

The Buffalo Ranch site is exposed at the base of a cutbank along the Brazos River in Burleson County, Texas. Here, two transitional Paleoindian- Early Archaic Wilson and Big Sandy projectile points along with other artifacts were found eroding from a silty sand deposit believed to be a prehistoric natural levee. This layer and its associated artifacts lie approximately 14 m below the ground surface. Its stratigraphic position indicates an age of approximately 8000 to 8500 14C yr B.P., which is...


A Geological Approach to a Historic Midden Site in Fort Davis, Texas (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jackson Huang. Erin C. Rodriguez.

This paper focuses primarily on the depositional processes of a historical midden site through a geoarchaeological analysis of an early 1900s domestic midden from Fort Davis Texas. Microscopic investigation has traditionally been used to interpret pre-history archaeological sites with poor emphasis on historical contexts. The examination of Fort Davis’ 2014 collection of heavy-fraction artifacts and soil micromorphological samples will show how geoarchaeology can be used in historical settings...


Hurricane Harvey: One Story of the Houston Historical Archeology Network Perservering (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua Farrar.

This is an abstract from the "Current Research and On Going Projects at the J Richard Steffy Ship Reconstruction Laboratory" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In late August 2017, Hurricane Harvey struck the Texas Coast, causing at least 70 deaths and tens of billions of dollars in damages. Already connected through a partnership of documenting and conserving Civil War artifacts recovered from Buffalo Bayou in the 1960s, the Heritage Society at Sam...


Identities in Flux at an American Frontier Fort: A Study of 19th Century Army Laundresses at Fort Davis, Texas (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Katrina C. L. Eichner.

As spaces of translation, frontiers and boundaries are the ideal location to study personhood and identity as inhabitants of these landscapes constantly experience and actively negotiate between the multiple live realities that are shaped by often conflicting ideologies. I propose the use of third-space as a framework for understanding the fragmentation and fluidity of experience in the American frontier during the 19th century. Using materials related daily life at a multi-ethnoracial, western...


In Search of La Garita: The Archaeological Discovery of the Spanish Colonial Watch Tower and Powder House (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Matthew T. Elverson.

The location of the Spanish Colonial Watch Tower and Powder House, built between 1808-1809, has been confirmed in San Antonio. These structures represented a significant military post that was, through its span of use, occupied by the militaries of Spain, The Republic of Mexico, The Republic of Texas, The United States, and The Confederate States of America. The long use of the structures ended in the late 19th century when the buildings were demolished and their locations were lost. The City of...


Indianola, The Forgotten Gateway to Western Texas: A Proposed Plan of Archaeological Investigation, Preservation, and Outreach (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Samuel M Cuellar.

The port of Indianola once served as the Gulf Coast's western terminus, providing the shortest overland routes to the Pacific Coast and access to countless European and American immigrants settling west Texas. By 1871, Indianola was second only to Galveston in the size and traffic of its port. Success was short lived, however. Two successive hurricanes in 1875 and 1886 destroyed the city, causing its widescale distruction and abandonment.  Despite a rich, important history, Indianola has not...


Investigating Spanish Colonial Features Using GPR in Urban Settings (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristi M Nichols. Clint Laffere. Richard A. Sample.

Archaeologists at Raba Kistner Environmental, Inc. (RKEI) have been utilizing 3-D ground penetrating radar (GPR) surveys to rediscover Spanish Colonial features such as acequias and foundations in San Antonio, Texas.  Many Spanish Colonial sites in San Antonio are located in urban settings and are often covered by roads, parking lots, and sidewalks. Use of 3-D GPR, archival research, and, in some cases, subsurface testing, has allowed us to determine under what geomorphological and burial...


The Milam Street Artifact Assemblage: Texas Civil War Artifacts Rediscovered (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joshua R. Farrar.

This is an abstract from the "Maritime Transportation, History, and War in the 19th-Century Americas" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Buffalo Bayou has connected Houston, Texas to Galveston Bay and the Gulf of Mexico since the city’s founding in 1837. During the American Civil War of 1861-65, Houston served as a storehouse for weapons, ammunition, food, clothing, and other supplies destined for the war effort in Galveston and the rest of the...