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Archaeological Investigations of the Treviño-Uribe Rancho (41ZP97), San Ygancio, Zapata County, Texas

Author(s): Ashley E. Jones ; Steve A. Tomka ; Kristi M Nichols ; Mark P. Luzmoor

Year: 2017

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Recent archaeological investigations of foundations and anomalies encountered during a previous ground-penetrating radar (GPR) survey at the Treviño-Uribe Rancho (41ZP97) provided insight into the lives of ranchers on the Spanish Frontier in the borderlands region. In 1820, Jesús Treviño was granted the land as part of the Nuevo Santander Colony (c. 1748-1835).  By 1830, Treviño constructed a one-room, fortified shelter as an outpost.  Additions to this structure created a multi-roomed rancho complex with a fortified courtyard.  The Treviño-Uribe Rancho is unique to the region, as it is one of the few remaining standing structures from this time period located north of the Rio Grande.  This paper will discuss the history of the rancho system in Spanish Texas. In addition, it will report on data pertaining to the construction phases and methods at the complex, and late 18th to late 19th century materials encountered during excavations.  


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Archaeological Investigations of the Treviño-Uribe Rancho (41ZP97), San Ygancio, Zapata County, Texas. Ashley E. Jones, Steve A. Tomka, Kristi M Nichols, Mark P. Luzmoor. Presented at Society for Historical Archaeology, Fort Worth, TX. 2017 ( tDAR id: 435686)


Spatial Coverage

min long: -129.199; min lat: 24.495 ; max long: -66.973; max lat: 49.359 ;

Record Identifiers

PaperId(s): 160

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America