Clovis knapping behaviors: What were they thinking!?


Clovis biface manufacturing represents a complex flaked stone reduction technology (Bradley, et al. 2010:64) where extant evidence has established that Clovis knappers possessed a high degree of skill in their craft. Most Clovis behaviors have been gleaned from data-rich Clovis caches and kill-sites. However, quantitative data is limited on Clovis flaked stone debris, and thus, remains an open research issue. One issue raised is the careful preparation of striking platforms during biface and blade manufacture (Collins 1999) deemed as necessary to exert control over the removal of flakes (Morrow 1995), including mastering control of overshot flaking (Bradley 2010:466; Bradley, et al. 2010:66). The problem is the consideration of these being manifestly Clovis behaviors. Regardless, with rare exception, (Huckell 2007; Malouf 1989; Pevny 2009, Waters et al. 2011), there are few data to support Clovis striking platforms as being unique, and therefore remain assumptions. This paper highlights reduction techniques and behaviors used by Clovis knappers based on research data of biface manufacturing debris recovered from the well documented, Clovis-age deposits of Area 4 at the Gault Site, TX (41BL323).

Cite this Record

Clovis knapping behaviors: What were they thinking!?. Nancy Velchoff Littlefield, Thomas Williams. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, Florida. 2016 ( tDAR id: 405245)

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Clovis Technology Texas

Geographic Keywords
North America - Southwest

Spatial Coverage

min long: -115.532; min lat: 30.676 ; max long: -102.349; max lat: 42.033 ;