Neanderthal (Other Keyword)
1-25 (31 Records)
Raw data from the 2014 excavation using a Sokkia CX total station.
2015 total station data (2015)
Raw data from the 2015 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software.
2015 total station data (2015)
Raw data from the 2015 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Surface Pro 3.
2016 total station data (2016)
Raw data from the 2016 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Trimble Nomad.
2016 total station data (2016)
Raw data from the 2016 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Nautiz X8.
Aerial view of the site (2015)
This image was taken with a GoPro 3 mounted to a DJI Phantom 3. The view is from the north looking south. Backdirt is visible in the lower right.
Ancient Hominin Bone Proteomes: Improving our Understanding of Past Human Behavior through the Study of Ancient Bone Proteins. (2017)
The analysis of ancient proteins is increasingly used to study archaeological and anthropological bone specimens from prehistoric time periods. This ranges from large-scale ZooMS screening (Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry) of morphologically unidentifiable specimens to the targeted analysis of ancient bone proteomes from humans through the application of LC-MS/MS. Here, some biological and phylogenetic results that can be obtained through the analysis of ancient human bone proteomes will be...
Applied Archaeological Visualization: Technical advances and research insights from the effort to visualize Neanderthal/AMH interactions at deep time depth. (2015)
Geospatial and temporal mapping technologies continue to rapidly evolve, making possible archaeological visualizations capable of revealing patterns in the past from new and potentially dramatic perspectives. The TemporalMapping.org project, now in collaboration with the University of Oxford’s PalaeoChron.org, will share techniques and research results from data visualization efforts including a global 30-arc second resolution model of sea level change from 475,000 BP to Present and a high...
Entrance to the cave (2015)
Mouth of the cave.
Human ecodynamics of late Neanderthal survival and anatomically modern human expansion at the Middle-Upper Paleolithic Transition, Lapa do Picareiro, Portugal
With support from the National Science Foundation, Dr. Jonathan Haws (University of Louisville) and Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina Wilmington) are leading a multi-year study of Neanderthal extinction and replacement by anatomically modern humans in central Portugal. The project brings together an international team to recover high-resolution archaeological, geological and paleoecological records from the excavation of Lapa do Picareiro, a cave in central Portugal. Our...
Inquiry into the Origins of Modern Human Distributions
Since their discovery over 150 years ago, Neanderthals have captured the imagination of scientists and the general public. Researchers have been trying to understand their life ways and the processes through which they disappeared. Archaeology and the earth sciences are particularly well placed to address this dilemma because both investigate processes that act over deep time. Within this broad context, Dr. Jonathan Haws (University of Louisville) and Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North...
Integrating Faunal and Lithic Data to examine Neandertal Subsistence at the Late Mousterian Site of Abri Peyrony, France (2017)
New excavations at the late Middle Paleolithic site of Abri Peyrony (also Haut de Combe-Capelle) in France yielded rich lithic and faunal assemblages, as well as pieces of manganese dioxide, bone tools, and much needed information about the site’s formation and antiquity. The site preserved only Mousterian material, which derives from three main layers of sediments. The site is best known for its Mousterian of Acheulian Tradition (MTA) assemblages, and Level L-3A can be attributed to the MTA....
Late Pleistocene Refugia and Neanderthal Extinction in Southern Iberia (2019)
This is an abstract from the "Peninsular Southern Europe Refugia during the Middle Paleolithic" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The Iberian Peninsula has long been regarded as a glacial refugium for humans, as well as temperate, Eurosiberian flora and fauna. The well-documented Cantabrian region served as an "active" and densely populated refugium during the LGM and Late Pleniglacial. In southern Iberia, the Mediterranean-type biota found refugia...
The Middle Pleistocene at La Cotte de St. Brelade, Jersey (2016)
The important archaeological sequence of La Cotte de St. Brelade, known for both abundant lithic and faunal material recording human activity and environmental conditions over the last 200,000 years, is an exception in this key region making the site unique. La Cotte is also famous for the discovery of late Middle Pleistocene concentrations of mammoth and rhinoceros bone remains, known as ’bone-heaps’ (Scott 1986). Different hypotheses have been proposed to explain the formation of these bone...
MIS5e Sites in Eurasia (2020)
Site locations and references for Neanderthal sites dating to the MIS5e, or Eemian Period, in Europe/Western Eurasia. Sites in this dataset were used in two publications: 1. Nicholson, C. 2019. Shifts Along a Spectrum: a longitudinal study of the western Eurasian hominin fundamental climate niche. Environmental Archaeology: Journal of Human Palaeoecology. 1461-4103:1-16 2. Slimak, L., and C. Nicholson, 2020. Cannibals in the Forest: A comment on Defleur and Desclaux (2019). Journal of...
Modeling the Potential Effects of Cooking on Neanderthal Hunting Efficiency (2015)
It is an enormous challenge to reconstruct the complex and dynamic interactions between Prehistoric human groups, their resources, and their landscape from the archaeological record. This poster presents a unique model for exploring the relationship between Neanderthals and reindeer during glacial phases of the Middle Paleolithic in southwestern France, using data from zooarchaeological assemblages and experimental values for Neanderthal metabolic rates. I have developed a set of calculations...
Neanderthal mobility in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula: the patterns of chert exploitation at the Abric Romaní rock-shelter (2015)
Understanding the changes in the technological organization of prehistoric hunter-gatherers is important to research into hominin foraging activities. During the Middle Paleolithic, the coexistence or the replacement between Levallois and discoid technologies has frequently been recorded, but there is still no clear understanding of the reasons for their alternating and fragmented use in the archaeological record. This paper aims to contribute with new data to the current debate, by exploring...
Neanderthals on Naxos? New work at the early prehistoric chert source of Stélida (2015)
A two-year geo-archaeological survey of the Stélida chert source on Naxos (Cycladic islands) has documented Middle Palaeolithic activity across the site, both near the best quality chert outcrops and in front of two small rockshelters. The material is dominated by products from a discoidal core technology, followed by Levallois flake and blade industries. The assemblage part-relates to the Denticulate Mousterian, which in Greece – along with Levallois technologies – are exclusively related with...
Neanderthals Used Both Hands to Kill (2002)
J. Whittaker: Reports Churchill’s work, Neanderthal right arms stronger, bone denser, experiments confirm that thrusting puts much more force on dominant arm, so don’t need throwing to explain. [But will occasional forceful use really create such differences, aside from the fact that N’s used their arms for other things too? All he has really shown is that most N’s were right handed.]
Patterns of reduction sequences at Grotta Breuil: statistical analyses and comparisons of archaeological vs experimental data (1991)
This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...
Plan of Lapa do Picareiro (2015)
Site plan based on 1x1 m alphanumeric grid system.
Re-evaluating the evidence for systematic exploitation of mammoth during the European Middle Palaeolithic. (2015)
The recurrent presence of mammoth, elephant and rhinoceros at Middle Palaeolithic sites, together with Neanderthal isotopes signalling meat as a prominent protein source, have been used to argue for a central role of these species in Neanderthal subsistence. Key to this model are the bone heap horizons from La Cotte de St Brelade (CSB, Jersey), previously interpreted as game drive debris resulting from systematic Neanderthal hunting. However, this hypothesis has never been rigorously tested....
Short-term Neanderthal Occupations and Carnivores in the North-East of Iberian Peninsula (2017)
Short-term human occupations can be developed in very distinct places and be related to very diverse functions. The low number of items left by the human groups in these sites usually generates discrete assemblages, which often adds difficulties to the subsequent archaeological interpretations. In the European Middle Paleolithic, are common short-term human occupations in caves and rock-shelters frequented by carnivores as well (bears, hyenas, large felids, canids and other small carnivores) as...
Tool-kits, Subsistence, and Land-use Patterns: The Neanderthal Ecology Revisited across a Dense Cultural Sequence in the Alpine chain (2017)
Studies of the way Neanderthal groups used knapping technologies and organized their economy and land-use are sparse in Europe and even scantier in the Alps, so only in some regions can cyclical and seasonal residential movements be inferred from data on the exploitation of ungulates with variable levels of migratory behavior. Two of the most widespread methods used in stone knapping were the Discoidal and Levallois. However, analyses of these lithic artifacts are not yet sufficiently integrated...
Total station data-2017 (2017)
Total station data set #1 for 2017