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Short-term Neanderthal Occupations and Carnivores in the North-East of Iberian Peninsula

Author(s): Jordi Rosell ; Ruth Blasco ; Florent Rivals ; Maite Arilla

Year: 2017

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Summary

Short-term human occupations can be developed in very distinct places and be related to very diverse functions. The low number of items left by the human groups in these sites usually generates discrete assemblages, which often adds difficulties to the subsequent archaeological interpretations. In the European Middle Paleolithic, are common short-term human occupations in caves and rock-shelters frequented by carnivores as well (bears, hyenas, large felids, canids and other small carnivores) as hibernation places, dens or refuges. From an archaeological perspective, the resulting assemblages are a mixture of anthropogenic and carnivore items (palimpsests) in which the intensity of human occupation(s) is usually measured by the quantity of recovered lithic artifacts, hearts or modified bones. However, the detailed study of these sites can be significantly informative to understand some basic questions about the development of the human communities in a landscape, their movements across the territory, the diversity of activities that they were able to do and, the relationships stablished between them and other biological entities (mainly carnivores). This work aims to present the results on four sites with these characteristics located in the North-East of Iberian Peninsula: Llenes and Tritons Caves (Lleida) and Toll and Teixoneres Caves (Barcelona).


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Short-term Neanderthal Occupations and Carnivores in the North-East of Iberian Peninsula. Jordi Rosell, Ruth Blasco, Florent Rivals, Maite Arilla. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 430969)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -11.074; min lat: 37.44 ; max long: 50.098; max lat: 70.845 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 14631

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America