Late Pleistocene (Other Keyword)

1-16 (16 Records)

Above and Below the Waves: Advances in the Search for a Late Pleistocene Colonization of California’s Islands (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Amy Gusick. Jillian Maloney. Todd Braje. Jon Erlandson.

Methodological advances are reshaping our understanding of island colonization. Refinements in dating methods, paleoenvironmental reconstructions, and search techniques have resulted in discoveries that challenge outdated theories of islands as marginal to human migration, settlement, and subsistence. This is particularly true for research related to the initial peopling of the New World via a Pacific Coast route. Once considered irrelevant to the story of New World colonization, California’s...


Inter and Intra Site Patterns of the Late Pleistocene Fauna from the Little John Site (KdVo6), a Multi-Component East Beringia Site in Yukon Territory, Canada (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vance Hutchinson. Norman Easton. David Yesner. Lauriane Bourgeon. Blaine Maley.

The Little John site holds an extensive record of human occupation spanning 14,500 years ago to the most recent past. Due to a combination of taphonomic factors, the Late Pleistocene deposits are particularly rich in culturally modified faunal remains related to the subsistence economy of the founding and early human occupants of the upper reaches of the Tanana River Valley of interior Alaska and Yukon. In this presentation we report on the current results of our analyses of the Little John...


Investigations of late glacial occupations at the McDonald Creek site, central Alaska (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kelly Graf. Julie Esdale. Ted Goebel. Grant Zazula. Aureade Henry.

In 2013 our team began testing the recently-discovered McDonald Creek archaeological site, located in the Tanana Flats, Central Alaska. To date we have excavated a total of 15 m2. The site contains evidence of a set of living floors dating to the Middle Holocene, Younger Dryas, and early Allerød. Our tests have revealed thousands of archaeological materials, including lithics and faunal and floral remains, associated with domestic features such as hearths and possible dwellings. We are analyzing...


Large Mammal Fauna from Klasies River Main Site: Changing Environmental Conditions during the Late Pleistocene of South Africa (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jerome Reynard. Liezl Van Pletzen-Vos. Sarah Wurz.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Klasies River is one of the most significant Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Africa with a sequence spanning from c. 120,000 to c. 50,000 years ago (ka). Because it yields one of the largest collections of human remains dated to the Late Pleistocene associated with an abundance of MSA cultural remains, it is an important site for understanding the development...


The Late Pleistocene Environment and Lithic Technology in South China (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Youping Wang.

There are more Paleolithic remains have been found in South China during the last two decades. Those provide much more new information on Pleistocene human adapatations in this region, especially some Late Pleistocene sites unearthed recently, from the Valley of Changjiang River to Lingnan region. New studies on those excavations indicate that pebble tool industries had been dominated this huge region before the MIS3. However, small flake tool assemblages emerged suddently during the MIS2 time...


Late Pleistocene-Early Holocene Adaptations in the Lower Mid-South, United States (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only D. Shane Miller. Jesse Tune. Ryan Parrish.

The Lower Mid-South has a rich history of archaeological research and provides a valuable dataset for exploring the relationships between climate and culture. Here, we provide an overview of the available paleo-environmental and archaeological data in this area, and argue that there were significant changes in diet, landscape use, and technological organization. The possibility that localized territories are established in the Southeast prior to the onset of the Holocene is critically evaluated....


Multiscale Image Acquisition for Structure-from-Motion (SfM) Modeling of the Submerged Late Pleistocene Site of Hoyo Negro, Quintana, Mexico (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alberto E Nava Blank. Roberto R Chavez. Alejandro E Alvarez. Vid Petrovic. Dominique Rissolo. James C. Chatters. Joaquin Arroyo. Pilar Luna Erreguerena.

The submerged cave chamber of Hoyo Negro contains a diverse assemblage of human and faunal skeletal remains dating to the Late Pleistocene. Many of the represented animals became extinct at least 10,000 YBP. The human skeleton is that of a young girl who ventured into the cave at least 12,000 YBP. Most of these deposits are extraordinarily well preserved. Detailed recording of this chamber is difficult, as the site is completely dark and at maximum depth of 57m. Over the past two years, the team...


New Dates and a Proposed Chronology for the Little John Site (KdVo-6), a Multi-Component Site in Eastern Beringia, Yukon Territory, Canada (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Norman Easton. David Yesner. Vance Hutchinson. Michael Grooms. Jordan Handley.

New AMS radio-carbon dates derived from culturally modified bone and charred material in association with artifacts has expanded our appreciation of the antiquity and continuity of occupation at the Little John site, from the early Bolling-Allerod in the Late Pleistocene post-glacial period through the Early and Later Holocene. These new dates, combined with dates from other local sites on the Yukon – Alaska borderlands, allow us to identify a number of discrete chrono-zones at Little John that...


The New England-Maritimes: Environments and Human Lifeways from the Late Pleistocene into Early Holocene (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Lothrop. Arthur Spiess.

The New England-Maritimes (NEM) region in northeastern North America is noted for clear environmental signals of the Younger Dryas climatic reversal (circa 12,900-11,600 Cal BP), followed by an abrupt transition to a warmer and more dry early Holocene climate. In this paper, we first review evidence for changes in paleoenvironments and animal populations that accompanied these climatic transitions in the NEM. We then examine archaeological evidence for early human occupations in the region,...


A new look at camp organization in open-air Late Pleistocene sites in the southern Levant (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dani Nadel. Reuven Yeshurun.

A wealth of Late Pleistocene - Early Holocene open-air camp-sites is recorded around the world. However, in sites pre-dating the use of stone for construction, central features such as huts and their floors are rarely preserved. Thus, the documentation of site structure and the identification of past activity areas are limited to hearths (when preserved) and their environs, and to distribution patterns of cultural remains. The focus of this paper are selected sites from the Mediterranean Levant,...


Parting the Late Pleistocene Red Sea : An Introduction to the Session and Region (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Steven Brandt. Huw Groucutt. Yonatan Sahle.

The Late Pleistocene dispersal of Homo sapiens and “modern human behaviour” through and out of Africa has become a key issue in human evolutionary studies, largely as a result of intensive archaeological research in southern, and to a lesser extent east and northern Africa. In spite of its remarkably diverse environments, earliest Homo sapiens fossils and strategic location straddling the postulated “Northern” and “Southern” dispersal routes, the Horn of Africa...


Preliminary results from new excavations of the Late Pleistocene occupations at Grassridge Rockshelter, South Africa. (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Benjamin Collins. Christopher Ames.

Grassridge Rockshelter sits at the base of the Stormberg Mountains in the northern part of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. This region has only been the focus of two previous major archaeological projects, with research at Grassridge last conducted in 1979 and identifying Holocene Later Stone Age and Late Pleistocene Middle Stone Age occupations. The Grassridge Archaeological and Palaeoenvironmental Project (GAPP) renewed research at Grassridge in 2014. In this presentation, we summarise the...


Revisiting Grassridge rockshelter in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa: results of the 2014 field season (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Ames. Benjamin Collins.

Grassridge rockshelter is located at the base of the Stormberg Mountains approximately 200 km inland in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. Previous excavation by Dr. Hermanus Opperman in 1979 focused primarily on the Later Stone Age (LSA) and Holocene occupations at Grassridge, but he also identified an underlying Middle Stone Age (MSA, ~300-30 ka) sequence containing abundant typologically MSA lithic material, well-preserved faunal remains, and charcoal. With particular interest in the MSA...


The Scatter between the Scatter between the Patches: A Tephrostratigraphic Approach to Low-density Archaeological Sites in the Eastern Lake Victoria Basin of Kenya (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christian Tryon. Nick Blegen. J. Tyler Faith.

Among recent groups, foraging activities are unevenly distributed across the landscape. Archaeological traces of past foragers are also spatially variable as a result of multiple factors, including the redundancy of site use, a bias towards tasks that leave well-defined material traces likely to preserve into the present (e.g., stone tool manufacture), and local sedimentological factors that mediate site preservation through burial as well as subsequent recovery through erosion or excavation....


Unearthing the Deep Roots of the Long-term Human History and Environmental Interaction in the Atacama Desert (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Calogero Santoro. José M Capriles. Claudio Latorre. Eugenia Gayo. Ricardo De Pol Holz.

New archaeological evidence demonstrates that by 12,800 years ago, bands of hunter-gatherers effectively occupied the hyperarid basins of the Atacama Desert. The selection of the habitats they exploited and the location of their activity areas were constrained by specific environmental circumstances that coincide with positive moisture anomalies that provided abundant resources. The distributions and properties of which were likely managed by these people to create complex landscapes using...


Zooarchaeological Investigation of Late Pleistocene Subsistence Adaptations in Iran (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Siavash Samei. Deborah Olszewski. Natalie Munro.

Economic decisions of Late Pleistocene foragers bore heavily on the nature, timing, and intensity of the adoption of agriculture in different parts of Eurasia. Decades of intensive research in the Levant and Anatolia have made significant contributions to our understanding of Late Pleistocene economic strategies in the western parts of the Near East. A recent surge of interest by Iranian researchers and internationally collaborative teams in Paleolithic archaeology of Iran has renewed attention...