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Preliminary results from new excavations of the Late Pleistocene occupations at Grassridge Rockshelter, South Africa.

Author(s): Benjamin Collins ; Christopher Ames

Year: 2017

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Summary

Grassridge Rockshelter sits at the base of the Stormberg Mountains in the northern part of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. This region has only been the focus of two previous major archaeological projects, with research at Grassridge last conducted in 1979 and identifying Holocene Later Stone Age and Late Pleistocene Middle Stone Age occupations.

The Grassridge Archaeological and Palaeoenvironmental Project (GAPP) renewed research at Grassridge in 2014. In this presentation, we summarise the results of the new excavations, with a focus on the Late Pleistocene occupation. Major findings include a rich lithic assemblage with abundant points and blades, frequent and overlapping burning features, ochre, fauna, and preserved plant remains. A radiocarbon date of 35,000 ± 2,200 14C years bp places Grassridge's upper Late Pleistocene occupation during a period of region-wide behavioural and technological diversity in southern Africa. GAPP's ongoing research of Grassridge's rich Late Pleistocene archive looks to contribute to a better understanding of this diversity in relation to the palaeoenvironmental, demographic, and social influences during this period.


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Preliminary results from new excavations of the Late Pleistocene occupations at Grassridge Rockshelter, South Africa.. Benjamin Collins, Christopher Ames. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 429302)


Keywords


Spatial Coverage

min long: -18.809; min lat: -38.823 ; max long: 53.262; max lat: 38.823 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 16027

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America