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Innovation (Other Keyword)

1-10 (10 Records)

Advancing The Study Of Cultural Frontiers In Post-Medieval Ireland – Native Innovation In The Face Of Colonial Power (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Historical archaeology in the north of Ireland offers much to the global debate on identity and cultural interaction. There, social order in the post-medieval period has been portrayed as representing a culturally isolated conservative society: a point of contrast with ‘civilised’ Europe. North Irish elites are traditionally believed to have used earth and timber indigenous sites as alternatives to a supposedly more mainstream European architectural lexicon. Recent studies challenge this...


Brothers of Invention: Comparing Trends in Innovation in the New World Formative (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Competition between Andean Formative centers seems to have stimulated rapid rates of innovation in technology, architecture, art, and behaviors such as ritual. This in turn seems to reflect a significant change of the role and nature of religion as a force promoting or resisting change, introducing a motivation for radical transformation within a background of conservative, heavily tradition-based practices. These processes are particularly evident in recent investigations in Chavin de Huantar,...


Colonial Encounters, Time and Social Innovation (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

Looking at the colonial, the intricacy of the associated encounters cannot be avoided. While violence and oppression almost always play a major role, there are also intricate processes, in which the results are manifold and far beyond the intent of the colonizer. In this paper, a number of examples will be addressed, ranging from Late Mediterranean Iron Age contexts to European Early Modern colonial projects in the Americas. Questions of temporality and general time are of major importance;...


Early Iron Metallurgy in the Caucasus: Filling in a Technological "Missing Link" (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

In the study of technological transformations, there is often much discussion of how innovations are conditioned by earlier systems of technical knowledge. Identification of transitional features is often challenging, however, particularly for questions about the origins of iron smelting and its relationship with copper-base metallurgy. This paper discusses some unusual technological features in iron metallurgical debris (circa 8th-6th c. BC) from a fortified hilltop site in the Caucasus,...


Environmental Variation and Technological Change: Results of an Agent-based Simulation (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Computer modeling is an increasingly important aspect of evolutionary anthropology and archaeology. Computer models of change in cultural and technological forms are often highly revelatory of the ways in which large-scale evolutionary patterns arise from the local interactions between individuals. As such, the results of these models may have broad implications, both within the anthropological sciences and without. This paper details simulation results from an agent-based model of cultural...


The Evolutionary Development of Technology in Archaeology: An Open Discussion (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Technology has driven the innovative growth and progress in many different industries over time. From agriculture to space exploration, technology has been driven towards answering questions that need to be answered. Technology in Archaeology is no different than other fields, however its growth is contingent on other innovative use of theory and practice using new tools in fields that have the funding for innovation, and the need for expedited answers. Through examining how technology has...


Invented, Adopted, Shared, Acquired, Inspired? Technological Change and the Talc-Faience Complexes of the Indus Valley Tradition (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

A bewildering assortment of materials utilizing siliceous pastes were used to make small objects such as figures, beads and containers, in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, the Mediterranean, and regions beyond and between. From very early beginnings in the sixth millennium BCE or earlier in some regions, the assortment of these materials reached great diversity of production technique and material in the third and second millennia BCE, with much less diversity of appearance. In...


The Joys of Boiling (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

The list of the greatest technological innovations of all time include the wheel, bow and arrow, stirrup, and the controlled use of fire among other great human achievements. These technologies are given such prominence because they changed human history in significant ways. Never mentioned, however, is the cooking pot.Yet this common, inexpensive, utilitarian tool was an important part of profound, worldwide changes in cooking and food. Boiling or simmering opened up a whole series of new foods...


Native Copper Innovation in the North (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

Native copper occurs in the Northwest Coast, western Subarctic, and Central Canadian Arctic and Subarctic. In all three regions there is archaeological evidence for its use by Hunter-Gatherers before the Contact Period. Since 2011, our project has been studying the innovation of native copper metallurgy in these three regions within a Behavioral Archaeology framework using data collected from: experimental archaeology, oral history, lead isotope analysis, research on museum collections using...


When medieval becomes early modern – changing interpretations of the Poel 11 and Hiddensee 12 ships from the southwestern Baltic Sea in Germany (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

The wrecks of two large ships found in the southwestern Baltic Sea in 1997 and 1999 were originally believed to be the remains of late 14th-century cargo vessels of extraordinary size. It was suggested they represented a special type of ship which was then called the "Baltic Cog" based on some similarities with ships of the so-called medieval "cog"–building tradition and in reference to a theory of the German scholar Paul Heinsius. However, in some aspects they differed from all known medieval...

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America