Cattle (Other Keyword)

1-14 (14 Records)

A 1611 Blockhouse and Earthworks for the Protection of Cattle: Virginia’s Earliest Bovine Husbandry, near Jamestown (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Alain C. Outlaw.

From the earliest years of the English colonization of Virginia, Bos taurus played a significant role in settlement as a source of meat, dairy products, and draft power. Following the "Starving Time" winter of 1609/1610, when everything wild and domestic that could be eaten was consumed, including human flesh, on-the-hoof animals, as opposed to barreled beef, entered the colony.  These animals soon were being taken by Native Americans.  Thus, upon his arrival in May 1611, Sir Thomas Dale ordered...


Ancient DNA analysis of early Neolithic cattle from Houtaomuga site, Northern China (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dawei Cai. Quanjia Chen. Hui Zhou. Dongya Y Yang.

The Houtaomuga site is located on the east bank of Xinhuangpao Lake, in Da'an County, Jilin Province, Northeast China. According to the archaeological excavations, the Houtaomuga site can be divided into seven phases from the early Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age (8000-2050 BP). Although many Bos skeletal remains were found in the phases Houtaomuga III (6300-5500 cal. BP) and Houtaomuga IV (5000 cal. BP), it was very difficult to identify to the species level. In this study, ancient DNA...


Ancient DNA Studies of Domesticated Cattle in Northern China (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Xin Zhao. Dongya Yang. Jing Yuan. Xiaoling Dong. Hui Zhou.

This study aims to use ancient DNA techniques to characterize the genetic features of ancient domesticated cattle in order to trace the origin and spread of cattle in ancient China from eight Late Neolithic and Bronze Age sites in Northern China. DNA was successfully extracted from ancient cattle bone or tooth samples in dedicated ancient DNA labs following vigorous protocols for contamination controls. This study was focused on amplifying mitochondrial D-loop using standard PCR techniques....


California’s Corporate Cattle (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Melonie R Shier.

When thinking about open range cattle production, seldom is that image linked to a picture of corporate America. The Kern County Land Company operating on over 2 million acres of land in the American West, much of it devoted to animal husbandry. All stages of husbandry was operated by the Kern County Land Company from the cow / calf operations to the abattoir and shipping to supermarkets.  In the San Emigdio Hills in south central California, where this paper will focus, the Emigdio Ranch was...


Cattle Husbandry Practices at Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest: the Relationships Between Environment, Economy, and Enslavement (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jenn Ogborne.

Cattle were not the primary focus of Thomas Jefferson’s Bedford County plantation, but he did maintain a small herd, divided between the quarter farms that comprised Poplar Forest, for various purposes. These included dairying, some meat production, and manure. Cattle were also driven in small numbers to Monticello, herded by enslaved individuals living at Poplar Forest. In addition to live animals, dairy products were also sent regularly to Monticello. While herding and dairying activities are...


Cattle management, Archives, and Geoarchaeology: Using Documentary Data to Understand the Role of Cattle Management in Transforming Puerto Rican Environments (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lara M. Sánchez-Morales.

Livestock have been an important component of Puerto Rican subsistence since European colonization to the present. Raising cattle to produce hides, meat, dairy, and other products was envisioned and exploited as an alternative source of income during periods of economic instability in the island, particularly during the period between 1660 and 1750. While in many parts of the Americas grazing caused significant changes to the local ecosystems through soil erosion and fertility loss, the role of...


Cattle Ranching and O’odham Communities in the Pimería Alta: Zooarchaeological and Historical Perspectives (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Barnet Pavao-Zuckerman. Nicole Mathwich.

Cattle and other European livestock were important to the economic and cultural development of western North America; however, the celebrated cowboy and vaquero cultures of the region emerged out of a complex Spanish colonial tradition that began with missionized native peoples who became adept at ranching. The Pimería Alta, what is today northern Sonora and southern Arizona, provides an excellent case study of the many ways that the cattle introduced at missions became rapidly intertwined with...


Commercialisation, Contest, Clearance: the Archaeology of pre-Improvement cattle droving in the Scottish Highlands (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Donald B Adamson.

This paper considers the archaeology of cattle droving in mid-Sutherland and also Cowal and West LochLomondside. It focuses on the period immediately before the widespread introduction of sheep, the dispossession of many of the sub-tenants, and the application of Improvement thinking in relation to agriculture. As such, it covers the period between 1720 and 1820. It argues that cattle droving was a sign of the growing commercialisation of the Scottish Highlands, in a Gaelic society that was far...


Die Akzeptanz von Riesigholz als Viehfutter bei Rindern. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der Landwirtschaft (2006)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jens-Jürgen Penack. Frank Both.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...


Isotopic Evidence for an Emerging Colonial Urban Economy: Charleston, South Carolina (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Elizabeth Reitz. Sarah Platt. Carla Hadden. Laurie Reitsema. Martha Zierden.

This is an abstract from the "Zooarchaeology and Technology: Case Studies and Applications" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Stable isotope analysis enables us to test the hypothesis that specialized animal economies were fundamental to the development of emerging urban centers, including colonial American cities. The distribution of meat and other animal products is a basic urban process and a barometer for the economic development of such early...


Mordeduras de herbívoro en el bosque de Riofrío (Segovia) (2007)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Isabel Cáceres. Montserrat Esteban. Yolanda Fernández Jalvo.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the EXARC Bibliography, originally compiled by Roeland Paardekooper, and updated. Most of these records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us using the...


Variability in Neolithic Cattle Populations: a Case Study from the Orkney Islands (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret Homko.

The Orkney archipelago, at the northern end of Scotland, has a rich and well preserved record of Neolithic settlement. Radiocarbon dates from northern Scotland indicate the establishment of farming communities quite soon after those in southern England. However, the process by which agriculturalists reached these far northern territories is still not well understood. Faunal analysts (Watson 1931, Noddle 1983) have drawn attention to an apparent distinction in morphology between the cattle...


Wirth Associates, Arizona Station Transmission System, Salt River Project, State, Private, and Federal Lands, Coconino, Navajo, and Apache Counties, Arizona, Valencia and Catron Counties, New Mexico: Preliminary Draft for Phase I: Archaeological and Ethno-historical Research (1974)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Michael D. Metcalf. Howard M. Davidson. Kathleen E. Moffitt.

At the request of Wirth Associates, the Museum of Northern Arizona conducted a Phase I archaeological study of an area in east-central Arizona to identify prehistoric and ethno-historic groups in to delineate areas of potential archaeological sensitivity within the study area. Existing archaeological site data were gathered from various Arizona and New Mexico institutions, and archaeological site density per township was mapped. Site density figures were compared with vegetational and...


Zooarchaeological and Genetic Evidence for the Origins of Domestic Cattle in Ancient China (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Peng Lyu. Katherine Brunson. Jing Yuan. Zhipeng Li.

This paper reviews current evidence for the origins of domestic cattle in China. We describe two possible scenarios: 1) domestic cattle were domesticated indigenously in East Asia from the wild aurochs (Bos primigenius), and 2) domestic cattle were domesticated elsewhere and then introduced to China. We conclude that the current zooarchaeological and genetic evidence does not support indigenous domestication within China, although it is possible that people experimented with managing wild...