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Ancient DNA Studies of Domesticated Cattle in Northern China

Author(s): Xin Zhao ; Dongya Yang ; Jing Yuan ; Xiaoling Dong ; Hui Zhou

Year: 2017

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Summary

This study aims to use ancient DNA techniques to characterize the genetic features of ancient domesticated cattle in order to trace the origin and spread of cattle in ancient China from eight Late Neolithic and Bronze Age sites in Northern China. DNA was successfully extracted from ancient cattle bone or tooth samples in dedicated ancient DNA labs following vigorous protocols for contamination controls. This study was focused on amplifying mitochondrial D-loop using standard PCR techniques. Among the obtained mtDNA sequences, several haplogroups could be identified including haplogroup C, which belongs to Bos primigenius. Our analysis indicated that there were different ways cattle might have been brought into China. In addition, this study also demonstrated the unique contribution that ancient DNA analysis can make, when combined with archaeological contexts, to our understanding of the origin and history of domesticated animals and to the reconstruction of human-animal interactions in the past.


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Ancient DNA Studies of Domesticated Cattle in Northern China. Xin Zhao, Dongya Yang, Jing Yuan, Xiaoling Dong, Hui Zhou. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432041)


Keywords

Geographic Keywords
East/Southeast Asia


Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15700

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America