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Ancient DNA analysis of early Neolithic cattle from Houtaomuga site, Northern China

Author(s): Dawei Cai ; Quanjia Chen ; Hui Zhou ; Dongya Y Yang

Year: 2017

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The Houtaomuga site is located on the east bank of Xinhuangpao Lake, in Da'an County, Jilin Province, Northeast China. According to the archaeological excavations, the Houtaomuga site can be divided into seven phases from the early Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age (8000-2050 BP). Although many Bos skeletal remains were found in the phases Houtaomuga III (6300-5500 cal. BP) and Houtaomuga IV (5000 cal. BP), it was very difficult to identify to the species level. In this study, ancient DNA analysis of Bos remains was utilized. Our results showed that most Bos specimens belong to mtDNA Haplogroup C of wild Bos primigenius which was never domesticated in China. Only one sample from phase IV belongs to Haplogroup T3 of domestic cattle that originated in the Near East. Our research provides new insight into the origin of Chinese cattle.

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Ancient DNA analysis of early Neolithic cattle from Houtaomuga site, Northern China. Dawei Cai, Quanjia Chen, Hui Zhou, Dongya Y Yang. Presented at The 81st Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Vancouver, British Columbia. 2017 ( tDAR id: 432035)


Geographic Keywords
East/Southeast Asia

Spatial Coverage

min long: 66.885; min lat: -8.928 ; max long: 147.568; max lat: 54.059 ;

Record Identifiers

Abstract Id(s): 15877

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America