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Portugal (Other Keyword)

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2014 total station data (2014)

DATASET Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2014 excavation using a Sokkia CX total station.


2015 total station data (2015)

DATASET Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2015 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software.


2015 total station data (2015)

DATASET Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2015 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Surface Pro 3.


2016 total station data (2016)

DATASET Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2016 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Trimble Nomad.


2016 total station data (2016)

DATASET Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Raw data from the 2016 excavation using two Sokkia CX total stations and EDWIN software. This file recorded data using a Nautiz X8.


Aerial view of the site (2015)

IMAGE Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

This image was taken with a GoPro 3 mounted to a DJI Phantom 3. The view is from the north looking south. Backdirt is visible in the lower right.


An Assessment of small game exploitation at Gruta Nova da Columbeira in the Middle Paleolithic (Portugal) (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Milena Carvalho.

In Europe, differences in subsistence between Neanderthals and anatomically modern humans are one of the ways in which archaeologists detect behavioral shifts in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition. In this paper, I present faunal and stable isotopic analyses of Oryctolagus cuniculus (the European wild rabbit) from levels C.6, C.7, C.8 and C.9 of Gruta Nova da Columbeira, a Mousterian cave site located in central Portugal. I use these data to test two subsistence models: 1. Anatomically...


Between the dream and the conquest: settlement and daily life of the Portuguese in North Africa (15th-16th centuries) (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Joana Bento Torres. Luís Carlos Serrão Gil. André P. S. D. Teixeira.

The Portuguese presence in North Africa was materialized through the occupation of cities and fortresses along the coast, especially during the 15th and the first half of the 16th century. Traditional historiography has stressed the limited contact these strongholds held with their surrounding territory, underlining their highly military nature.                                    In this paper we wish to re-evaluate this theory, mainly through the archaeological work we've been developing since...


The bio-sedimentation as monitor element of underwater archaeological sites of Cascais Sea (Portugal). The case of Patrão Lopes military ship. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Jorge Freire. Jorge Russo. Augusto Salgado. António Fialho. Frederico Dias.

The archaeological interpretations of the role that environment plays in the nature of the anthropogenic occupations on the coast, are currentely a thorough line of analysis on the Underwater Archaeological Chart of the Municipality of Cascais (ProCASC ).The main focus of our research have been divided into two categories that have direct impact on archaeological sites: a concern about the change in the coastal environment driven by man or nature, and, processes of adaptation and management of...


Changes in animal use in the Modern Period of Portugal (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Cleia Detry. Simon Davis.

Portugal has undergone profound changes since the time of the so-called "Discoveries" in the 16th century when new continents were discovered and trade with other countries was intensified. New species were introduced and new strategies of animal husbandry were adopted to adapt to new global and local changes in demography and economy. Zooarchaeology is used in this presentation to show how social change in the Portuguese Modern period can be seen. We study sites including 16th century Crestelos...


The "Correio d’ Ázia" – an early 19th century Portuguese "galera" wrecked in Australia. Preliminary findings. (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Alexandre Monteiro. Jennifer Rodrigues.

In 1816 the Portuguese "galera" ´Correio da Azia´ was sailing from Lisbon to China "against weather, seas and wind, fire, shallows and coastal dangers and errors of maps". Carrying general cargo and more than 107.000 silver coins, the ship was never to reach its destination: on November, the 26th, she struck an uncharted reef off what was then New Holland and was hopelessly lost. After a failed salvaged attempt in 1817, the loss of the ship quietly slipped into the History until its story was...


The end of an Era: the final moments of the Pleistocene-like hunter-gatherer lifeway in the Westernmost Eurasian site of Pena d´Água (Portugal) (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Telmo Pereira. António Carvalho.

The 8.2 ky cal BP climatic event seem to have had a striking impact in the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula, where the hunter-gatherer populations kept their Pleistocene-like lifeway until (and possibly through) this event, after which emerged the Mesolithic societies. We present a detailed overview of the Epipaleolithic occupation of Pena d’Água Rockshelter (8.19 ky cal BP) as study case of these final moments, focusing the lithic economic patterns, namely the different patterns of...


Entrance to the cave (2015)

IMAGE Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Mouth of the cave.


GIS Tools for Intra-spatial Analyses: The Portuguese Mesolithic Cabeço da Amoreira Case Study (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT Nuno Bicho. Célia Gonçalves. João Cascalheira.

The case of the Portuguese Muge shellmounds (Tagus valley, central Portugal), and specifically the case of the Cabeço da Amoreira site, is one of the most interesting regions to study the last hunter-gatherers in Western Europe. However, these sites, are very large with long and complicated sequences and, until recently, had very little excavation control and thus data were not appropriate for spatial analyses. During the last decade, our team used new and precise excavation techniques resulting...


Human ecodynamics of late Neanderthal survival and anatomically modern human expansion at the Middle-Upper Paleolithic Transition, Lapa do Picareiro, Portugal

PROJECT Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

With support from the National Science Foundation, Dr. Jonathan Haws (University of Louisville) and Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina Wilmington) are leading a multi-year study of Neanderthal extinction and replacement by anatomically modern humans in central Portugal. The project brings together an international team to recover high-resolution archaeological, geological and paleoecological records from the excavation of Lapa do Picareiro, a cave in central Portugal. Our...


Human occupation of Lapa do Picareiro (Portugal) during the Last Glacial Maximum (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT Jonathan Haws.

During the Last Glacial Maximum, abrupt climate changes created highly variable paleoenvironments inhabited by human populations across the Iberian Peninsula. Pollen and sedimentary analyses from deep-sea cores off Portugal provide records of regional-scale paleoenvironmental responses to the climate shifts that punctuated the LGM. Archaeological assemblages from caves and rockshelters offer a more local-scale understanding of human-environment interactions during this period. One site in...


Late Magdalenian Lithic Technology at Lapa do Picareiro, Central Portugal (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Melissa Holst. Jonathan Haws.

Lapa do Picareiro, a cave located in Portuguese Estremadura, contains continuous deposits dated to the Late Pleistocene. As one of the highest elevation Upper Paleolithic sites currently known in Portugal, questions are raised about the function of the site during this time. The high resolution data sets generated from the ongoing excavation allow for various types of analysis to help shed light on a broader understanding of the site’s function. This poster presents a comprehensive analysis of...


The Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition in southern Iberia: New dates from Lapa do Picareiro, Portugal (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT Jonathan Haws. Michael Benedetti. Nuno Bicho. João Cascalheira. Lukas Friedl.

The transition from Middle to Upper Paleolithic in western Eurasia remains a hotly debated and intensely researched archaeological problem. Recent developments in radiocarbon dating and genetics have permitted some refinements to our understanding of the spatiotemporal process but many issues remain unresolved. For the Iberian Peninsula, Zilhão’s ‘Ebro Frontier’ model of late Neanderthal survival and subsequent replacement by anatomically modern humans has held sway for over two decades....


Plan of Lapa do Picareiro (2015)

IMAGE Uploaded by: Jonathan Haws

Site plan based on 1x1 m alphanumeric grid system.


Portuguese Ceramics from Newfoundland, Canada. (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Sarah R Newstead. Tânia M Casimiro.

This paper will discuss the presence of Portuguese ceramics found on the island of Newfoundland, Canada.  The Newfoundland cod fishery became an important part of European trade networks which expanded across the Atlantic during the early modern period.  A multinational seasonal fishery was established on the island in the sixteenth century, with this seasonal presence being augmented by permanent English and French colonies during the seventeenth century.  An extensive collection of Portuguese...


Portuguese settlement in Mumbai region, India: territorial occupation throughout structural remains (16th-18th centuries) (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT André P. S. D. Teixeira.

Most parts of Greater Mumbai belonged to Portugal between 1534 and 1739, except for the island of Bombay, handed over to the British in 1665. The territory of Bassein, the ancient capital of this region, was the first settlement of Estado da Índia to occupy a significant area. The Portuguese enjoyed territorial stability during its first century in Bassein. This favoured the Portuguese annexation of land through the incorporation of pre-existing structures, the application of solutions used in...


Rabbit remains analysis in the Upper Paleolithic in Portugal (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Andrea Zorn. Jonathan Haws.

Ongoing excavations and research at the cave site of Lapa do Picareiro in the Estremadura region of Portugal have recovered a large number of faunal remains, including thousands of rabbit bones. These remains have yielded new data and insight on human exploitation of small prey during the Upper Paleolithic. This poster focuses on the spatial and temporal distribution of rabbit remains within the cave and the taphonomic processes acting on these bones. The work builds upon previous research using...


Revisiting Ria de Aveiro A (Portugal): a new approach to early modern Atlantic shipbuilding and maritime trade (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT Patrícia Carvalho.

In 1992 the remains of an early-modern vessel were found in the Ria de Aveiro (Portugal). This discovery led to the development of an interdisciplinary research project between 1996 and 2005 that allowed the study of the site formation processes, of  Atlantic shipbuilding, and the earthenware production in the Aveiro-Ovar region and their commercial circulation. In this paper, we present the last archaeological research about the ship and the new data concerning the maritime trade of the...


The Taphonomic Study of Small Fauna Gruta da Nova Columbeira (Portugal) (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Milena Carvalho. Jonathan Haws.

This poster presents the results of a taphonomic study of Gruta Nova da Columbeira, a cave site containing at least six separate Middle Paleolithic occupation levels in Vale do Roto, Portugal. The valley contains at least five other caves that have been occupied at different times. Gruta da Nova Columbeira, excavated in 1963, has well-preserved faunal remains rendering it a good site for studying Neanderthal subsistence behaviors. The excavation yielded larger fauna such as red deer, ibex,...


Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Archaeological Survey: Results from Portugal and Mozambique (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT Brandon Zinsious. Jonathan Haws.

Any technological advance that can save archaeologists time, money and manpower should be explored thoroughly. This poster presents the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), or Drones, as a supplemental tool to traditional archaeological survey. Examples from Portugal and Mozambique are included to give visual representations of the possible uses of drone technologies. We used a commercially-available Phantom 2 quadcopter with a GoPro camera for coastal survey in Praia Ray Cortico, Portugal....

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America