Digital Archaeology: 3D Modeling (Other Keyword)

1-25 (61 Records)

20,000 Years Under the Sea: Dynamically Visualizing the Past and Future of Shorelines, Ecosystems, and Climate Change at Point Reyes, California (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas Whitley. Michael Konzak. Bryan Mischke. Robert Watson. Paul Engel.

Geospatial analysts are now capable of developing increasingly accurate models of past and future ‘shorelines’ and the predicted impacts they might have on archaeological sites or cultural landscapes. But GIS alone cannot realistically simulate hydrodynamic effects, terrain displacements, or changes in vegetation communities, water bodies, and atmospheres. Funded by the NCPTT, this study combines GIS analysis of LiDAR terrain and bathymetric models with the photorealistic 3D modeling...


3-D Scanning, LiDAR, and UASs in Cultural Property Protection (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Carey Baxter. Michael Hargrave. George Calfas. Samuel Vance. Andrew Hamblin.

Archaeologists managing cultural resources on military installations have increasing opportunities to leverage unmanned aircraft systems (UASs), LiDAR, ground-based 3-D scanning, near-surface geophysics, and other remote sensing methods into their Cultural Resource Management (CRM) practices. These techniques are being integrated into CRM work under controlled conditions where adequate time and technical expertise is available. Military archaeologists are also developing Cultural Property...


3D Imaging in Remote Areas, Rainforests, and Other Hostile Environments: Investigating Identity and Interaction in Eastern Honduras (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christopher Begley.

Ancient eastern Honduran populations utilized foreign symbols in limited elite contexts, such as site planning and architecture, but most elements of material culture reflect clear connections to Lower Central America. Iconography seen in petroglyphs appears significantly different from that seen in other media, and may yield additional information and insights into identity formation and interactions within the region. For many reasons, these petroglyphs have not been extensively studied. While...


3D or 2-1/2D? Comparing 3D Photogrammetry And Reflectance Transformation Imaging (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leszek Pawlowicz.

This is an abstract from the "Towards a Standardization of Photogrammetric Methods in Archaeology: A Conversation about 'Best Practices' in An Emerging Methodology" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. 3D photogrammetry, creating digital 3D models using multiple photographs, has become a popular tool for documenting, analyzing and sharing archaeological artifacts and sites. In some cases, though, Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) can be a useful...


3D Photogrammetry and Woodland Mud Glyphs from 19th Unnamed Cave, Alabama (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jan Simek. Stephen Alvarez. Alan Cressler. Jordan Schafer.

This is an abstract from the "Technique and Interpretation in the Archaeology of Rock Art" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The production of 3D models with photogrammetry has seen some recent application in rock art studies as a means of documenting sites and presenting them to the public. However, the use of photogrammetric models as data sources for discovery and analysis has received little attention. In this paper, we present work at 19th...


3D Reconstruction of Early Spanish Colonial Hybrid Ceramics from Ciudad Vieja, El Salvador (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeb Card. Salem Arvin.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. The primary serving vessel at the sixteenth-century Spanish colonial site of Ciudad Vieja, El Salvador, is an indigenously produced brimmed plate made in the form of Italianate majolica. These vessels were produced in a Mesoamerican technological tradition and were painted with a modified version of designs found on pre-Hispanic Pipil pottery in southeastern...


3D Scanning the Virgin Mary in the Toast: Using Handheld Digital Imaging Technologies to Explode the Myth of Pareidolic Illusions in the Ancient Maya Underworld (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Cameron S. Griffith.

Cave archaeologists around the world are increasingly utilizing many new platforms and techniques to document subterranean artwork, including digital imaging and scanning technologies. In this presentation I demonstrate a portable and cost-effective approach to digital imaging of parietal art. To this end, I used an Occipital Structure Sensor 3D scanner, mounted on an iPhone 6, to document various monumental modified speleothem sculptures in the subterranean realm of the ancient Maya of Belize,...


Archaeology in 3D: Exploring Differences in Photogrammetric Models Created with Popular Structure-from-Motion (SfM) Archaeological Software from both Drone and Terrestrial Photography (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Christine Jones. Elizabeth Church.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. In this study, Structure-from-Motion(SfM) photogrammetric 3D models were created of mid- 19th century historic house ruins. Tyler house (Mound, TX) and Eyrie house (Holyoke, MA) have similar stone construction but dramatically different environmental contexts. The aim of this study was to compare point-cloud differences in, and the benefits and drawbacks of,...


Artifacts and Lesson Plans: Using 3D Technologies to Teach Archeology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Meg Winnick.

This is an abstract from the "NPS Archeology: Engaging the Public through Education and Recreation" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Archeology education initiatives can benefit from 3D technologies to develop further engagement between archeological artifacts and the public. In the summer of 2018, the National Park Service in collaboration with the National Council of Preservation Education crafted a project to help NPS write guidelines for parks...


Assyrians at the Gate: Rethinking the Siege at Tel Lachish (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jon Carroll.

Sennacherib’s destruction of Tel Lachish, Judah (now Israel) in 701 BC was accomplished using state-of-the-art technologies and tactics. We know through the Lachish reliefs once located at Nineveh and now housed at the British Museum, that the Assyrians used a siege ramp to conquer the city. Unfortunately, the ramp was partially destroyed by archaeologists in the 1930’s and comparatively little is known about its original dimensions and use in the siege. Computational technologies including...


Bethel Cemetery Project: Procedures and protocols for structure from motion photogrammetry on historic burials (2018)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Alex Badillo.

This is a field manual that describes the procedures and protocols for 3D documentation of historic cemeteries using structure from motion photogrammetry.


Beyond Repatriation at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eric Hollinger.

Congress intended federal repatriation legislation to go beyond removing collections from museums. They hoped that it would lead to new relationships between Native Americans and museums that would recognize the interests of all parties. The Anthropology Department of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History has worked, through its Repatriation Office and other programs, to collaborate with tribes and Alaskan Natives on projects that go beyond repatriation to include initiatives with...


Big Picture, Little Picture: Reconstructing Rock Art and Context in Both the Virtual and Physical Word (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Stephen Yerka. Russell Townsend.

This presentation explores the ways in which 3D reconstruction can succeed as an innovative platform for both archaeological study and public engagement using a case study from the Hiwassee River watershed, North Carolina. The project, initiated by the Tribal Historic Preservation Office (THPO), Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians (EBCI), involves an effort to repair a vandalized petroglyph panel. The rock art panel is a complex composition of incised, interwoven petroglyphs from which a 1.5 m...


A Case Study in the Use of 3D Modeling for Hypothesis Generation and General Archaeological Illustration (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Beau Murphy. Adesbah Foguth. Hannah Mattson.

Three-dimensional modeling has become increasingly common within the field of archaeology as relevant software has become more accessible and digital media more prevalent. Despite this increase in use, the ultimate utility of the method is often debated, even by its practitioners. This poster explores the practical applications of 3D modeling along two avenues: as a process for developing hypotheses and expectations during the excavation of architectural contexts, and as a tool for use...


A Case Study in the Use of Photogrammetry for Management, Public Outreach, and Research Potential (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adesbah Foguth.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Photogrammetry has become increasingly relevant in the field of archaeology as digital software becomes more accessible, with the increased ease in which archaeological sites can be recorded three-dimensionally, and with the ease in which it can be added to regular field work with minimal monetary costs or time. Despite current interest in 3D technology, the...


Communicating in Three Dimensions: Questions of Audience and Reuse in 3D Excavation Documentation Practice (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Adam Rabinowitz. Iulian Bîrzescu.

After excavating the Praedia of Iulia Felix at Pompeii in 1755, architect Karl Weber published the building with an axionometric illustration that showed the remains in three-dimensional perspective. In doing so, Weber communicated additional information about the form of the building in a manner that was both accessible to a lay audience and sufficiently "scientific" for a scholarly one. By contrast, digital 3D documentation methods in current archaeological practice often reinforce a division...


Comparing a NextEngine 3D Scanner with Casting Mediums for Making Positives of Cord-Impressed Pottery (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Nicole Bodenstein.

In this paper, I compare using latex and Sculpey molds with a NextEngine 3D scanner in creating positive copies of upper midwestern, Late-Woodland, cord-impressed pottery for analysis. Making cast positives of these impressions in casting mediums present different hazards to the sherd. A NextEngine 3D Scanner may present fewer hazards to sherds, while allowing for digital copies that are easily manipulated and measured. It is also portable and relatively inexpensive compared to other 3D scanning...


The Cooperative Future of Archaeology and 3D Terrestrial Scanning (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeremiah Perkins. Cambria Haley. David Klamm.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Over the past two summers at the archaeological excavation of Etzanoa we used a Leica P40 scanner to create 3-D models of the excavation units. The accuracy of the measurements is + 1 mm. It is possible to take measurements of features and object from the model. The scanner has some limitations for recording deep excavations, and a novel method for overcoming...


Creating 3D Models of Artifacts and Features using Photogrammetry (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Gardner. Robert Hard.

During the 2015 and 2016 University of Texas at San Antonio Field Schools we made use of new low-cost photogrammetry techniques to document metates and rock ring features at Early Agricultural period sites along the Upper Gila River in southeastern Arizona. We systematically photographed a number of ground stone tools and rock ring features using point-and-shoot cameras. These photos were then processed using Agisoft’s Photoscan software to produce colored 3D computer renders of the artifacts...


Cultural Resource Protection in Iowa Using Hand-Held LiDAR Technology (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lara Noldner. Brennan Dolan. Janee Becker.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. A primary focus of cultural resource protection in Iowa is on prehistorically constructed burial mounds and other earthworks that are important to Native communities, past and present. This involves monitoring the condition of these earthworks and considering all potential impacts given their location and landowner maintenance strategies. This poster...


Digital Methods for Conservation in Underground Archaeological Contexts: A Case Study from the Copan Acropolis (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Laura Lacombe. Amy Thompson. William Fash. Loa Traxler.

This is an abstract from the "SAA 2019: General Sessions" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. As site documentation methods become more high-tech and data-heavy, it raises issues of repeatability, access, and expense. In the case of the 3 kilometers of circuitous archaeological tunnels at the Classic Maya site of Copan, Honduras, it was imperative to document them in a manner that would be accurate, efficient, and accessible not only to scholars with...


Digital Preservation Era: A Toolbox for Archaeologists to Transition into the Digital Age (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Roldan. Marisol Cortes-Rincon. Abby Barrios.

Digital tools, such as photogrammetry and virtual environments have been around for decades. However, it was not until the past decade that the academic community introduced such tools into their work and have taken such discipline seriously. For this reason, the practice, management, teaching and potential of digital archaeology has remained a lagging field. As a response, this paper will provide a guide for traditional archaeologists to assist in the transition to the digital medium. An...


Documentation, methodology and interpretation of rock art from Castle Rock Community, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Colorado (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Radoslaw Palonka.

Thirteenth century A.D. in the central Mesa Verde region was a time of socio-cultural transformations, climatic changes, and increasing conflicts and violence that took place shortly before the final depopulation of the region. Since 2011 the Sand Canyon-Castle Rock Community Archaeological Project is being conducted and it focuses on the analysis and reconstruction of the settlement and social structure in a community of forty Ancient Pueblo sites dated to the thirteenth century. The project...


Ersersaaneq Project: Creating Knowledge Through Images (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Malu Fleischer. Michael Nielsen.

In 2016, the Ersersaaneq project was instigated by three students from the University of Greenland to create an online repository of 3D models of the Gustav Holm collection. In Greenlandic the word ersersaaneq captures the idea of producing knowledge through the creation of visual images. The goal is to digitally re-unify parts of the collection and develop coherency within a global context. Project partners include Greenland National Museum, The Smithsonian Institution and The National Museum...


The Establishment of the First 3D Fish Bone Reference Collection in China (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Chong Yu.

This is an abstract from the "Zooarchaeology and Technology: Case Studies and Applications" session, at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Zooarchaeological researchers in China have previously focused on mammal remains, as have many places around the world. However, mammal species are only one part of the animal resources that people used in ancient times, especially in the areas by water. Young zooarchaeologists have begun to get involved in the work of...