Fauna (Other Keyword)

1-25 (35 Records)

An Analysis of a Middle Holocene Faunal Assemblage from the Matcharak Peninsula Site in Alaska’s Brooks Range (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joseph Keeney.

The Matcharak Peninsula Site (AMR-196), located in the central Brooks Range of Arctic Alaska, contains a mid-Holocene archaeological assemblage dating between 4,000 and 7,500 calBP and assigned to the Northern Archaic tradition. Excavations between 2010 and 2014 yielded hundreds of identifiable faunal specimens preserved in permafrost, making it one of the largest and most well-preserved faunal assemblages found in a Northern Archaic context. The assemblage has great potential for elucidating...

Analysis of the faunal remains from a 19th century Aku property in Banjul, The Gambia (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anna E Passaniti.

During the Summer of 2014, excavations were carried out in Banjul, The Gambia, formerly known as Bathurst, at a 19th century Aku site as part of the Banjul Heritage Project. This paper focuses on the analysis and interpretation of the faunal remains from the site. The Aku ethnic group, formed from a Liberated African population in Bathurst during the colonial period, were a socially, politically, and economically prominent group in colonial Bathurst, often highlighting their Christian, English...

At Water’s Edge: Ritual Maya Animal Use in Aquatic Contexts at Cancuen (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Erin Thornton. Arthur Demarest.

Excavations at the Late Classic Maya site of Cancuen (Petén, Guatemala) uncovered small-scale hydraulic systems including stone-lined canals and reservoirs within the site’s architectural core. The abundance of other nearby potable water sources, along with the elaborate form of the system demonstrate that it served an ideological rather than practical function. This interpretation is supported by the artifactual material deposited in the reservoirs, as well as by the fact that the hydraulic...

The complexities of Spanish Mission Diets: An analysis of Faunal Remains from Mission Santa Clara de Asís (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Lindsay Kiel.

The neophyte housing complex of Mission Santa Clara de Asís, one of the five Spanish missions established in the San Francisco Bay region during the California Mission Period, was excavated between 2012 and 2014. Excavations unearthed numerous refuse pits that contained a variety of faunal remains. Feature 157 was made up of three distinct multi-use pit sub-features that contained the remains of a variety of fauna. The assemblage dates to approximately 1777-1837 and contains several thousand...

A critical reappraisal of Middle Paleolithic diets (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Eugene Morin. John D. Speth. Julia Lee-Thorp.

This paper examines dietary patterns amongst Middle Palaeolithic foragers in Europe and southwest Asia from ca 300 to 40 thousand years ago. In both regions, faunal studies show that a relatively narrow range of presumably high-ranked animal species—mostly medium- to large-sized ungulates—was hunted. The present review stresses the importance of considering fat procurement and the effects of transport constraints on faunal assemblages while assessing the diet composition of Middle Palaeolithic...

Cultural Dimensions of Food Procurement on Martha’s Vineyard (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jessica Watson.

Archaeology along the Northeastern coast of the United States has often focused on island and coastal industries, with particular emphasis on shell midden deposits. Subsistence-focused research shows us that seafood played a large role in prehistoric diets, yet these studies rarely focus on the cultural dimensions of these foods. Faunal remains on Martha’s Vineyard show that early residents ate a diverse selection of land and sea animals. Identified bones reveal a broad diet of mammals,...

Did Increased Landscape Management through Pyrodiversity Lead to a Rise in Deer Procurement in the San Francisco Bay Area? (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brian Byrd. Adrian Whitaker.

Some of the earliest archaeological applications of human behavioral ecology were Central California studies of faunal resource depression by Jack Broughton including a detailed study of the massive Emeryville Shellmound, located on the east shore of San Francisco Bay. An intriguing pattern identified by Broughton was a significant increase in the relative abundance of deer in the later occupational strata at Emeryville. Broughton attributed this shift to the initiation of distant-patch hunting...

Dust Cave Site, AL (1LU496) Project
PROJECT Uploaded by: Renee Walker

Faunal data from Dust Cave Alabama, Renee B. Walker dissertation (University of Tennessee, 1998). Archaic deposits from Dust Cave date between and 5,200 years ago with four distinct Archaic occupations. These include the Early Side-Notched and Kirk Stemmed components (Early Archaic), and the Eva/Morrow Mountain component and Seven Mile Island phase (Middle Archaic). The preservation, and subsequent recovery, of faunal material at the site is exceptional, with an abundance of small fish and...

Dust Cave, Alabama Late Paleoindian Faunal Dataset (1998)
DATASET Renee Walker.

Late Paleoindian Faunal data (Walker 1998)

Dust Cave, Alabama Late Paleoindian Faunal Information (1998)
DATASET Citation Only Uploaded by: Renee Walker

Late Paleoindian Faunal data (Walker 1998)

Eaton Site
PROJECT Uploaded by: William Engelbrecht

This project contains data from 17 seasons of excavation from the Eaton Site in West Seneca, NY just south of the city of Buffalo. It is a multi-component site that was occupied intermittently from late Paleo-Indian times through the early 19th century when it contained a cabin on what was then the Buffalo Creek Reservation. The bulk of material recovered from the site is from an Iroquoian village dating to the mid-sixteenth century. The major portions of three longhouses and a palisade...

Ecological Studies of the Flora and Fauna in Glen Canyon (1959)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Angus M. Woodbury. Seville Flowers. Delbert W. Lindsay. Stephen D. Durrant. Nowlan K. Dean. Albert W. Grundmann. James R. Crook. William H. Behle. Harold G. Higgins. Gerald R. Smith. Guy G. Musser. Donald B. McDonald.

The Glen Canyon Reservoir, a part of the Colorado River Storage Project authorized by federal Public Law 485, 84th Congress, 2nd Session, represents a step in the development of the water resources of the Colorado River Basin which is planned to transform a flooding public menace into a national water conservation resources. The flora and fauna of the Glen Canyon region are only partly known. The canyon has been traversed by scientific explorers and adventuring boat men; its geological...

El aprovechamiento del recurso faunístico en el Cerro Jazmín, Oaxaca. (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Gilberto Pérez-Roldán. M. Fabiola Torres-Estévez.

Para muchas comunidades prehispánicas, la fauna formó parte de la alimentación y en ocasiones en la elaboración de objetos. En esta investigación se abordarán las especies tanto de invertebrados como vertebrados, destacando los siguientes grupos: Pleuroploca sp., Pintada mazatlanica, Chama sp., entre otras especies. En el caso de los vertebrados: Ranas sp., Meleagris gallopavo, Sylvilagus sp., Lepus sp., Canis familiaris, Odocoileus virginianus, entre otros. En este asentamiento también hallaron...

Fauna and Frontiersmen: Environmental Change in Historic Maine (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Megan D. Postemski.

Contemporary landscapes represent the accumulation of past human activity and changes in environmental composition. In the case of Maine, however, dense forests largely conceal the once agrarian landscape. To unravel the complex history of Maine lands, I consider how pioneer perceptions and activities (e.g., settlement, cultivation, or hunting) since the seventeenth century impacted and changed the "nature" of the frontier. Focusing on fauna in particular, I examine historical accounts to...

Faunal Data (2010)
DATASET Marie Pipes.

This listing of faunal data by unit was created by Marie Lorraine Pipes.

Faunal Evidence for Subsistence Strategies at Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kristin Corl.

The zooarchaeological assemblage from Cottonwood Spring Pueblo (LA 175), an El Paso Phase (A.D. 1275-1450) horticultural village in southern New Mexico is dominated by small game. What explains this pattern? The high relative percentage of rabbit to deer follows a general trend associated with aggregated populations, growing agriculture dependence, and less seasonal mobility. Additional variables possibly contributing to this trend include shifts to small game in response to droughts, over...

Faunal Remains from Recent Excavations at Shishan Marsh 1 (SM1), a Lower Paleolithic Open-Air Site in the Azraq Wetlands, Jordan (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only James Pokines. April Nowell. Christopher Ames.

Excavations from 2013-2015 at the open-air site of Shishan Marsh 1 (SM1) located along the former wetlands shoreline in the Azraq Basin of eastern Jordan have yielded substantial Middle Pleistocene lithic assemblages in association with faunal remains. Skeletal preservation is poor, favoring the representation of megafaunal species and more robust elements. Multiple megafaunal taxa have been identified, including Gazella sp. (antelope), Bos cf. primigenius (wild cattle), Camelus sp. (wild...

Inter and Intra Site Patterns of the Late Pleistocene Fauna from the Little John Site (KdVo6), a Multi-Component East Beringia Site in Yukon Territory, Canada (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Vance Hutchinson. Norman Easton. David Yesner. Lauriane Bourgeon. Blaine Maley.

The Little John site holds an extensive record of human occupation spanning 14,500 years ago to the most recent past. Due to a combination of taphonomic factors, the Late Pleistocene deposits are particularly rich in culturally modified faunal remains related to the subsistence economy of the founding and early human occupants of the upper reaches of the Tanana River Valley of interior Alaska and Yukon. In this presentation we report on the current results of our analyses of the Little John...

The Late Pleistocene Fauna of Hoyo Negro (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Joaquin Arroyo-Cabrales. James C. Chatters. Blaine W. Schubert. H. Gregory McDonald. Pilar Luna.

The fauna from Hoyo Negro Cenote preserves a diverse fauna represented by a large amount of bones from both human and animals. To date eleven species of extinct and extant animals have been identified. Extinct animals include the highland gomphothere (Cuvieronius tropicalis), two species of giant ground sloth (the Shasta ground sloth Nothrotheriops shastensis and a previously unknown member of the Megalonychidae), and the sabertooth cat (Smilodon fatalis). Modern species, include taxa that...

Original Indian Foods and Food Preparation (2014)
DOCUMENT Full-Text Edward J. Wahla.

A number of attempts have been made from time to time to publish so-called Indian recipes. This is not one of them. The writer has never seen a true "recipe" for any ancient Indian dishes, but only descriptions of white foods adapted to Indian tastes, or visa-versa. Basically a recipe should involve careful measurements, leavening, addition of condiments, etc., all strictly according to rule. It is virtually impossible to find any such rules in ancient Indian cookery. Such methods of food...

Paleoecology of an Early Holocene Faunal and Floral Assemblages from Dows Local Biota of North-Central Iowa (1984)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Curtis M. Hudak.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.

Radiocarbon Dating at the Gault Site – A Case Study in Collaboration Between AMS and ZooMS to Analyze Promising Faunal Samples (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Robert Lassen. Erin Keenan Early.

The Gault site is a lithic procurement site and campsite in Central Texas with components ranging from earlier than Clovis to the Late Prehistoric. For the most part, absolute dating at Gault has relied on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL), which has a high standard error. AMS dating on sparse charcoal samples has been conducted as well, but with mixed results. In particular, the charcoal from the Clovis and lower strata failed to yield viable radiocarbon dates. While faunal preservation...

Red or Green? Examining the Reliability of Macaw Postcranial Identification (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Shannon Landry.

Archaeologists consider macaws highly valuable trade items which served an important economic and ritual role in the prehistoric Southwest. Costly to acquire, brightly colored, and difficult to keep, macaws are often an exciting indicator of social complexity. There is a consensus that the bright red Scarlet Macaw was used and traded with greater frequency than the emerald green Military Macaw in the American Southwest. Yet variation in size and morphological similarity of Ara sp. postcrania...

Ritual Use of Fauna in the Casas Grandes Region (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeremy Loven.

The use of faunal remains for ritual purposes was an important part of Casas Grandes society throughout the Medio period (1200 – 1450 A.D.). The past inhabitants of this region utilized the bones of numerous animals for ritual and symbolic functions, as well as for personal adornment. Past archaeological and zooarchaeological research conducted within this region has focused significantly on the site of Paquimé and the artifacts/remains recovered from that site. This paper, although considering...

Rural Lifestyles in the Early Eighteenth Century Chesapeake: An Archaeological Comparison of Households in the Lower Potomac Region (1984)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Julia A. King. Henry M. Miller.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.