Underwater (Other Keyword)

1-25 (47 Records)

3-D Photo Modeling Applications in Underwater Archeology (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Brett Seymour.

Recent advances in 3-D modeling technologies have entered the field of Archeology. The Submerged Resources Center (SRC) of the National Park Service has begun using this technology in the field of Underwater Archeology. Using the Autodesk program ReCap and underwater digital photography SRC photographers have been able to create 3-D models of discreet features and more recently of whole sites. This paper will introduce the technology of 3-D point clouds and compare the final products of the 3-D...


Analysis of Two Sherds Recovered from an Underwater Site along the Atlantic Coast of Terra del Fuego, Argentina (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Michael D. Glascock. Brandi L MacDonald. Catherine Klesner.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Plus Ultra: An examination of current research in Spanish Colonial/Iberian Underwater and Terrestrial Archaeology in the Western Hemisphere." , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Two sherds recovered from an underwater site along the Atlantic coast of Terra del Fuego, Argentina were analyzed by neutron activation analysis (NAA) and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). The...


Ancient Maya Salt Making Activities as Revealed Through Underwater Excavations and Sediment Chemistry, Paynes Creek National Park, Belize (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only E. Cory Sills. Heather McKillop. Christian Wells.

Underwater excavations at Early Classic Chan b’i (A.D. 300-600) and Late Classic Atz’aam Na (A.D. 600-900) ancient Maya salt works in Paynes Creek National Park, Belize, reveal activity areas associated with a substantial salt industry for distribution to the southern Maya inland inhabitants. At these sites, wooden architecture and salt making artifacts are abundantly preserved in a peat bog composed of red mangrove. We describe the excavation methods at this shallow, submerged underwater site,...


Assessing Recently Discovered Shipwrecks on Lake Winnipesaukee (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Anthony H Gilchrist.

This is a paper/report submission presented at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. In the past decade over 80 shipwrecks have been discovered in Lake Winnipesaukee, NH. After a preliminary survey in 2018, the researchers returned to Lake Winnipesaukee in 2019 to document some of these shipwrecks. The ones found with the most integrity will be used for future research investigating such things as the environmental and human impact on the shipwrecks. For the 2019...


Battle of Midway: 2017's Exploration for Sunken Aircraft (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bert S. Ho. Kelly Gleason Keogh.

In May of 2017, the NPS' Submerged Resources Center and NOAA's Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument conducted an exploratory survey for sunken aircraft from WWII's Battle of Midway in June of 1942. What was found spanned the centuries of maritime activity at the Atoll including the battle. It also displayed on the seafloor all aspects of the military's long use of the island as a base, and their lasting impact on the island landscape. Today multiple federal agencies manage Midway as a...


Best Practices for Managing UCH on the Pacific Outer Continental Shelf (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Dave Ball.

Located along the western boundary of the continental United States, the Pacific Outer Continental Shelf holds a vast array of potential archaeological and historic resources, resources which must be considered during the federal permitting process for offshore renewable energy.  In order to better manage these resources and take into account potential adverse effects that could occur as a result of offshore renewable energy development, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management is undertaking a...


A Canoe on a Sand Bar: The Remarkable Story of the Guth Canoe in Northeast Arkansas (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeffrey Mitchem.

For thousands of years before motorized transportation, dugout canoes were the mode of water travel in interior North America. Due to their perishable nature, they are rarely found archaeologically. Most have been preserved due to being kept submerged in anaerobic conditions or buried in underwater sediments. In Arkansas, only a handful have been found, all in riverine situations. The severe flooding in northeast Arkansas in 2008 dislodged a dugout in the St. Francis River that ended up on a...


Diverse Threats to MAST And Its Heritage in Africa : Confronting Historical Amnesia And Salvors; Securing Slim Resources And Social Relevance (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jonathan Sharfman.

In much of the developing world a triumvirate of treasure hunting, politics, and a lack of technical capacity/resources have skewed portrayals of what maritime history is and why it is meaningful. Shipwreck sites in particular have been promoted as the embodiment of the heritage of "the other" with little local relevance. Treasure hunters accordingly go unchecked in their efforts to recover valuable historical cargos—with detrimental effects for the archaeological inventory. This paper will...


The Evolution and Role of Avocationals in Underwater Archaeology (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Thomas F. Beasley.

Underwater Archaeology started soon after scuba diving began in the early 1950s. For about the next 20 years, divers began to discover, document and analyze shipwrecks. In the early 1970s, those divers began to form groups to work on larger projects and to learn about archaeology. At about the same time, archaeolgy at universities began to offer courses and the discipline of underwater archaeolgy took root. Some of the avocational groups such as the Nautical Archaelogy Society and the Underwater...


Finding the Needle in the Haystack: Submerged Prehistoric Archaeological Sites in Everglades National Park (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Leah Colombo.

Many attempts have been made to consistently locate submerged and inundated prehistoric archaeological sites offshore the state of Florida. In many instances these attempts have not been successful in some respects but beneficial in others. This paper will identify the issues of studying such sites and the results of past and recent studies. However, the main topic of the paper will focus on a recent study exercised within the Florida Bay region of Everglades National Park. Working in...


From Sail to Steam: The 19th-century Dock at Fort Ticonderoga (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Margaret J Staudter. Daniel E. Bishop.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "The King's Shipyard Surveys, 2019: Submerged Cultural Heritage Near Fort Ticonderoga" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Steamboats dominated the inland waterways of North America during the 19th-century. On Lake Champlain, these vessels were utilized for both travel and trade. In 1841, a steamboat dock was built over part of the King’s Shipyard on the shoreline of the Ticonderoga peninsula. This dock provided...


The Hester Lake B-24 Crash: A Case Study For Small, Low-Cost ROVs (2017)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Walt Holm. Craig Fuller. Bryan Heisinger. Gary Quigg.

Remotely-operated vehicles (ROVs) have been used for years to explore underwater archaeological sites.  Recent technology advances have improved the capabilities of ROVs, while greatly shrinking their size and lowering their cost.  Small, battery-powered ROVs can now be taken to remote sites, opening up areas for research that were previously unavailable. In August of 2015 a team of archaeologists and ROV operators packed deep into California's Kings Canyon wilderness to explore the wreckage of...


Identifying Submerged Sites in Ohio’s Far Northeast Corner, or, Where’s Ashtabula? (2019)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kendra A. Kennedy. Linda L. Pansing.

This is an abstract from the "Submerged Cultural Resources and the Maritime Heritage of the Great Lakes" session, at the 2019 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Ohio’s maritime heritage is fairly underrepresented in documentation at the Ohio State Historic Preservation Office, with an even greater dearth of information about submerged cultural resources in northeastern Ohio. When Hurricane Sandy funds became available for Ashtabula County, the Ohio History Connection...


In Hot Water: Climate Change and Underwater Archaeology (2016)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Jeneva Wright.

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. To date, however, archaeologists are still developing their relevancy and role in informing climate change research, management strategies, and understanding. Coastal and underwater archaeological research has significant potential to offer insights into past human adaptations to climate change, and to provide an anthropogenic lens through which the history of climate change might be viewed. In addition to providing historical...


Integrating Cultural Heritage into the work of The Ocean Foundation (TOF) (2021)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Mark Spalding.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Integrating Cultural Heritage Into The Work Of The Ocean Foundation" , at the 2021 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. The Ocean Foundation (TOF) is an international community foundation based in Washington D.C., established in 2002. As the only community foundation for the ocean, its mission is to support, strengthen, and promote organizations dedicated to reversing the trend of destruction of ocean environments around the...


Literature Search for the Corps of Engineers' Murrell's Inlet Navigation Project (1977)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Newell O. Wright, Jr.. Alan B. Albright.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


A Loam in the Darkness: Investigations at Half Mile Rise Sink (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Analise M Hollingshead.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Love That Dirty Water: Submerged Landscapes and Precontact Archaeology" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. Half Mile Rise Sink (8TA98) is a submerged prehistoric site located ca. one hundred meters downriver from the Page-Ladson site in the Aucilla River of Northwest Florida. Here, all known Floridian Paleoindian projectile points, Archaic projectile points, and associated paleontological material were...


A Mammoth Question: Can We Count the First Floridians Among the First Americans? (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Morgan F. Smith.

In 1973, a small team of archaeologists and students made a startling announcement concerning the Guest Mammoth site, in Central Florida. Underwater excavations on the site in the Silver River yielded the remains of three Columbian Mammoths in direct association with lithic artifacts. Two of the bones bore cutmarks. The prevailing Clovis-first paradigm, inaccurate radiocarbon dates obtained from unpurified mammoth bone collagen, and the novelty of an underwater prehistoric site all led to...


Managing submerged prehistory; New Approaches in the Southern North Sea. (2013)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Edward Salter. Chris Pater.

In 2007/2008 75 Palaeolithic flint implements, including 28 hand axes were discovered on the oversize pile of a Dutch aggregates wharf. Dredged from an English Marine Aggregate Licence Area, the material and the site of their discovery have since been subject to intensive investigations. Much of this work was provided for via the Marine Aggregate Levy Sustainability Fund, but this funding source ended in March 2011 and a way forwards for the site had to be found. Since that time, English...


Manasota Key Offshore: A Prehistoric Cemetery in the Gulf of Mexico (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Ryan M Duggins. Franklin H Price. Melissa R. Price. Ivor R Mollema. Neil N Puckett.

The likelihood for the existence of prehistoric sites on drowned landscapes of the continental shelf has been discussed for decades. However, the potentially devastating effects of marine transgression have sparked a debate about the types and characteristics of prehistoric sites that archaeologists expect to find offshore.  The Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research recently identified a prehistoric cemetery located in the coastal waters of the Gulf of Mexico. Investigations at the Manasota...


Maritime Heritage Stewardship in Virginia (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John D. Broadwater.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Citizen Science in Maritime Archaeology: The Power of Public Engagement for Heritage Monitoring and Protection" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. There are more than one 100 active Underwater Exploration Permits in Virginia. These permits allow divers to search all state-owned bottomlands and to recover artifacts. In spite of a requirement for reporting finds, few permittees file reports. In February 2019,...


Micro-regional Archaeology Underwater: Approaches to Documenting Submerged Prehistoric Sites. (2020)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John M O'Shea. Ashley K Lemke.

This is an abstract from the session entitled "Love That Dirty Water: Submerged Landscapes and Precontact Archaeology" , at the 2020 annual meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology. It is now widely recognized that key portions of the global archaeological record can only be found underwater. While submerged prehistoric sites can yield crucial evidence and often preserve organic remains and other features rarely encountered on land, they pose unique challenges. To investigate these...


New Directions for Underwater Archaeology in Virginia (2018)
DOCUMENT Citation Only John D. Broadwater.

More than two thousand ships have been lost in Virginia waters since the first European explorers ventured here. In addition, countless prehistoric sites and historic piers, wharves and other structures now lie underwater. Yet, except for a few significant exceptions, little emphasis has been placed on locating and studying Virginia’s submerged sites. In a partnership with the Virginia Historic Resources Department, the Archeological Society of Virginia recently formed a Maritime Heritage...


New England’s submerged pre-Contact history: identifying an intact Archaic site in Salem, Massachusetts (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Kerry Lynch.

A portion of Salem Harbor in Massachusetts was investigated during a cultural resource management project in 2009/2010. The underwater reconnaissance included a remote sensing survey using a Klein 3.5 kHz sub-bottom profiler. An acoustic basement was recognized at approximately two meters below the sea bed, and was hypothesized to be an organic layer potentially representative of a buried land surface below marine sediment. Vibratory cores were used to ground truth the potential buried land...


New Management Strategies for Submerged Cultural Resources in the U.S. National Park Service. (2015)
DOCUMENT Citation Only Bert S. Ho. Charles Lawson. Jessica Keller.

With ever increasing stresses to cultural resources in the U.S. National Parks from natural and man-made threats, managers of these resources must evolve and adapt to protect and preserve them all. Some solutions limit or deny access because of the delicate state of the resource or because of the sensitive nature of its history. However, providing access and presenting the past to park visitors in a meaningful way is a primary responsibility of managing places that belong to all Americans. For...