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Gis (Other Keyword)

1-25 (215 Records)

25 Years of Digital Archaeology - Updating the Past to Plan for the Future (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404522] Jennifer Melcher.

Beginning in the late 1980s, the University of West Florida Archaeology Institute began making extensive use of digital technology to aid in archaeological research. The past 25 years of research have left a plethora of data on a variety of digital media. Current work on developing a new interpretive plan for downtown Pensacola, Florida made it necessary to update and combine as much of this data as possible. Updating this information required the use of a variety of hardware and software...


Abandoned Rural Settlements and Landscape Transformations in the Early Modern and Modern Period: Innovative Methodological Approaches of Historical Archaeology within a Central European Context (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435484] Lukáš Holata. Michal Preusz.

Settlement and landscape transformations in Central Europe during the Early Modern/Modern period were beyond interest until 1990s and, ironically, remain insufficiently recognised despite better preservation of sites, larger collections of artefacts and broader data sources. Nevertheless, complexity of sites, often with extensive destructions, and a requirement of integration very variable data sources (especially a combination with written evidence and historical maps is significant) generate a...


Accelerating the "Maddeningly Slow Work of Archaeology" in the Forested Maya Lowlands (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431195] Francisco Estrada-Belli.

Investigations in the thickly forested Peten region is complicated by lack of roads, water, communications, visibility and other things we often take for granted even in archaeology. In most cases the time it takes for results of such field work to reach a general audience can be measured in years. Many of us have turned to technology to alleviate this situation but the gains can be less than what is expected. The advent of GPS handheld devices have been useful to locate sites (and ourselves)...


Addressing Surface Site Palimpsests with GIS and Lithic Technology (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 395318] Christopher Merriman. Caroline Gabe.

Archaeologists contend with palimpsests and multicomponent surface sites on a regular basis. Although it is interesting to know that one spot on the landscape repeatedly attracted people, these sites present interpretive and methodological problems. Specifically, how can we interpret the behaviors behind non-diagnostic artifacts from multicomponent sites? In this presentation we discuss using a combination of GIS modeling and lithic analysis to better articulate the relationship between...


Aging Mandibular Bison Teeth with ArcGIS (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429007] Andrew Owens. David Byers. Molly Boeka-Cannon.

This talk presents a new, non-destructive, empirical, and replicable method for aging bison teeth with mandibular tooth photos and ArcGIS digital mapping. Tooth eruption, growth, and attrition can document age-at-death, which informs on hunting strategies, occupation seasonality, environmental conditions, and herd health. Previous dentition studies utilize numerous tooth metrics that commonly require specimen-destructive research methods. Also, occlusal wear age estimates rely on subjective wear...


All methods, no madness: Making sense of burial orientations using GIS (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404821] Nicholas Triozzi.

Mapping the excavations at the Fallen Tree Mortuary Complex, St. Catherines Island, GA, effectively consolidated nearly sixty burials and hundreds of features into a cohesive view of the site. Similarity of burial orientation and bodily positioning jumps out immediately. At a glance the norm is that individuals face east with their heads to the south. Examining this pattern more closely called for a more advanced utilization of GIS. Techniques used to quantify burial orientation of the large...


Annual Report of the Arkansas Archeological Survey: Fiscal Year 1989-1990 (1990)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 148554] Hester A. Davis.

This resource is a citation record only, the Center for Digital Antiquity does not have a copy of this document. The information in this record has been migrated into tDAR from the National Archaeological Database Reports Module (NADB-R) and updated. Most NADB-R records consist of a document citation and other metadata but do not have the documents themselves uploaded. If you have a digital copy of the document and would like to have it curated in tDAR, please contact us at comments@tdar.org.


Another Pint! Beer & Soda Bottles in Victorian Philadelphia: A Spatial Analysis (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404999] Mary Lennon. Thomas Kutys. Amy King.

Beer and Soda, typical beverages found in the lives of Victorian American’s; the remnants of their proliferate use, a plethora of bottles found at historic archaeological sites across the county. While often overlooked, these bottles, offer the potential to illuminate the landscape of small businesses, domestic residences, and the booming Industrial Revolution. Recent excavations by AECOM, sponsored by PennDOT, within the I-95 corridor of the Kensington neighborhood of Philadelphia have...


Archaeological Survey through the use of Remote Sensing (LiDAR, Photogrammetry and Satelital Imagery) and GIS (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397340] Guadalupe Zetina-Gutiérrez. Armando Anaya-Hernández.

The aim of this paper is to show how remote sensing (LiDAR, photogrammetry and satellite imagery), along with GIS are changing the ways in which archaeological resources are being identified, recorded, and researched. Traditional methods and techniques are not enough to prevent the potential risks that these resources face due to the accelerated pace of growth of a globalized world. Thanks to the development of Information and communications technologies (ICT), archaeologists now have a...


Arm Chair Archaeology: GIS-ing the 1733 St. Jan Slave Rebellion (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430880] Holly Norton.

The 1733 St. Jan Slave Rebellion in the Danish West Indies was an ephemeral event, from an archaeological perspective. Lasting only 8 months and diffused across the 20-sq mile island, the rebellion lacks a traditional archaeological signature even from battlefield methodologies. However, it is useful to apply archaeological questions to topics that are difficult to approach through dirt and shovel. This paper will discuss the application of GIS methods to analyze the slave rebellion from...


Arqueologos: Integrating 3d Visualization, Spatial Databases, and Desktop GIS Software to Improve the Management and Analysis of Archaeological Data (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 404982] Alex Kara. Antonia Foias. Kitty Emery.

Here I present "Arqueologos", a new plugin for the QGIS desktop GIS software designed for archaeologists. While there have recently been many applications of 3d graphics for the digital reconstruction of archaeological features and artifacts, 3D technology has yet to significantly impact how archaeologists interpret their excavation data. This is especially true for individually insignificant ceramic, lithic, and other small artifacts that, when aggregated and studied across space, arguably form...


Assessing Archaeological Sensitivity in San Francisco (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 396851] Allison Vanderslice. Randall Dean.

The San Francisco Planning Department archaeological staff reviews hundreds of projects for archaeological sensitivity each year as part of the California Environmental Quality Act review process. To aid this review, the Department has begun a long-term GIS project creating thematic maps and related datasets to inform archeological site identification, to determine interrelationships between archeological sites and historical land uses, and to direct research designs. Over the last 8 years the...


Aztec Ruins, 2.0 (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397688] Erin Baxter.

This poster will present a "new" view of Aztec Ruins -- particularly Aztec West -- which refines modern base maps with historic data. This latter includes data drawn from Morris-era excavation photos, as well as additional information from unpublished sketch maps, correspondence, and field notes. This 'new' map will include unpublished locational data on mounds, burials, floor features, wall features, remodeling, refuse, burning... etc etc. Almost no reading required. SAA 2015 abstracts made...


Bioarchaeology of the Arabian Bronze Age: Humeral Entheseal Changes and Burial Patterns at Tell Abraq (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397808] Mark Toussaint. Debra Martin.

Tell Abraq is an archaeological site from the Arabian Bronze Age, located near the Persian Gulf Coast of the modern-day country of the United Arab Emirates. A sealed, two-chamber mud-brick tomb on site, in use from approximately 2200 – 2000 BC, yielded a 1.4-meter-thick matrix of commingled human remains, soil, and artifacts, representing a MNI of 403 individuals, of which nearly three quarters are adults. Although the remains are fragmentary, they still offer rich insights into the biocultural...


Bridging the Gap: Understanding the empty Medieval landscape of post-Roman Aquitaine (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 397030] Zenobie Garrett.

The end of the Roman Empire is marked archaeologically by an impressive shift in material culture. Changes in land organization and the use of more ephemeral building materials created a largely invisible and difficult to detect post-Roman landscape. Archaeologists initially assumed such landscapes were abandoned as a result of the political and economic chaos resulting from Rome’s fall. Work in northwest Europe in the past two decades, however has shown that new techniques can help locate these...


Bullets, Shrapnel, Case, and Canister: Archaeology and GIS at the Piper Farm, Antietam National Battlefield (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434461] Stephen R. Potter. Tom Gwaltney. Karen L. Orrence.

Union and Confederate forces fought at Antietam Creek near Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17, 1862. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American military history with nearly 23,000 dead, wounded, and missing. Some of the fiercest fighting occurred around the Sunken Road -- the northern boundary of the Henry Piper farm. Over four field seasons, archaeologists conducted a systematic metal-detector survey of the Piper Orchard, site of the Confederates’ retreat from the Sunken Road and...


Camino Real de Tierra Adentro: Locating Trail Segments through Predictive Modeling (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 435581] Matthew DeFreese.

 The Camino Real de Tierra Adentro was a trail connecting Mexico City with New Mexico from 1598 until the early 20th century. This period reflects significant trail alteration in response to transportation change from carreta carts, stagecoaches, wagons, and automobiles plus localized weather conditions during travel. These shifts caused travelers to create alternate trail segments, leaving the Camino Real a series of trail segments, not a single path. As it travels through the Jornada del...


Categories, Space, and New Perspectives in A Late Classic Maya Community (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 405074] Joshua Wright. Sarah E. Jackson. Christopher F. Motz. Linda A. Brown.

An interest in indigenous viewpoints has grown in recent years in archaeology, coupled with a commitment to integrating these perspectives more closely into the excavation process. To facilitate this there is a need for field recording systems that offer a means of incorporating the multivocality reflected in various perspectives, which can include not only alternative interpretations but also category systems for the archaeological data recovered. The Say Kah Archaeological Project, in the...


Circles and Circuits: A Computational Social Science Approach to Neolithic Circular Enclosures (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429512] Kevin Wiley.

Through the combination of Social Network Analysis (SNA), Agent-Based Modeling (ABM), and Geographic Information Systems (GIS), this paper will examine the relationship between physical and social networks in the Middle Neolithic of Central Europe. This Computational Social Science approach will provide insight into social aspects of the archaeological phenomenon of circular enclosures.


Contemplating Trade Corridors: Cost and Pathway Analysis Around Managua, Nicaragua (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 431338] Evan Sternberg. Justin Lowry. Jason Paling.

Trade and inter-community connections are keys to understanding how the ancient region around the modern city of Managua, Nicaragua, interacted and participated in the larger Central American and Mesoamerican trade corridor. This paper will present potential interpretations of long distance and local connections through a cost and pathway analysis using ArcGIS. This study will incorporate recent research on obsidian and ceramic sourcing studies from the site of Chiquilistagua into the model of...


COPING WITH CONFLICT: DEFENSIVE STRATEGIES AND CHRONIC WARFARE IN THE PREHISPANIC NASCA REGION (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 429919] Weston McCool.

Warfare was a significant sociopolitical practice throughout the Andes during the Late Intermediate Period (AD 1000–1450). A salient research topic within broader investigations of conflict is how populations cope with chronic warfare. This article utilizes statistical and GIS-based analyses of architectural features and settlement patterns to reconstruct defensive coping mechanisms among fortified settlements in the Southern Nasca region of Peru. Specifically, this research evaluates how...


Covering Ground: Spatial Relationships of Prehistoric Sites on Black Mesa, Arizona (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 430585] Michael Terlep. Travis Bugg. Erick Laurila. Francis Smiley.

Modern applications in spatial analysis are reinventing the way archaeologists view spatial relationships in the prehistoric Southwest. Building on the extensive research conducted by the Black Mesa Archaeological Project (BMAP), this poster presentation presents new insights into spatial relationships and social dynamics on northern Black Mesa, Arizona using ArcGIS applications, such as viewshed analysis, as well as predictive modeling. Recently conducted pedestrian survey on Peabody Western...


Creating Interactive Landscapes with Multi-Method Modeling (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 405088] Zachary Day. Heather Richards-Rissetto.

Digital reconstructions and 3D modeling have become an increasingly frequent application in archaeology for the purposes of preservation and visualization. As part of the MayaCityBuilder Project, we are developing an immersive 3D environment of late eighth century Copan, Honduras that incorporates high-resolution base models and hypothetical reconstructions into an open-world environment. Our goal is to offer users opportunities to freely explore the models in context to their surroundings and...


Curbed Boundaries: An Analysis of Home Front Material Culture within the Context of Individual vs. Municipal Investments in Contemporary Oakland, CA (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 433745] Erin P. Riggs. Andrew H. Reagan. Matt L. Riggs.

This project investigates the material evidence of individual and City investment in the built landscapes of Oakland, California. Through virtual pedestrian survey, we have analyzed 1000 randomly selected home fronts, implementing a five-facet rating scale to document evidence of resident investment in diverse socio-economic areas. Results suggest that while residents throughout all areas of Oakland invest materially in their homes, they do so differently.  Those in higher income areas invest in...


Daniel Gookin's Atlantic World: An ESRI GIS Storymap for Archaeology (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT [ID: 434422] Luke J. Pecoraro.

Presenting archaeological data to both public and academic audiences in the digital age presents problems and opportunities to make the results of excavation and survey more accessible. In some cases, one class of data is highlighted over another resulting in an unbalanced perspective. The ESRI Story map platform provides a template that can visually represent spatial information, and link this with photographs, artifact catalogs, and primary documents. What is more, Story Maps are set up to be...

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Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America