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Early modern (Temporal Keyword)

1-17 (17 Records)

Anchors Through History: The Case of Lagos, Portugal. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Historical archaeology research has proven that Lagos bay was a mercantile hub for more than two millennia, with maritime traffic reaching as far as Northern Europe, Mediterranean, Northern Africa, and Egypt. Fishing activity in the bay, is even more ancient than maritime traffic. Our study has located and research a large collection of anchors related to this maritime activity in Lagos. We intend to present a series of typologies, including previously unknown examples and show how these...


The Archaeology of Rural Proletarianization in Early Modern Iceland (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Categories such as capitalism, feudalism, peasantry and proletariat obscure more than they elucidate in Early Modern Iceland. The millennium-long occupation of farms in Skagafjörður, Northern Iceland reveals that during the initial settlement of Iceland in the late ninth century, land was freely available, but by the late seventeenth century over 95% of all farming properties were owned by landlords who frequently renegotiated tenant leases. In many ways these insecure tenants resemble...


Ethical Issues In The Study And Preservation Of Early Modern Church Burials Of Northern Finland (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

A recent project on the study of early modern church burials of Northern Finland in the perspective of research and preservation of human and other material remains has raised several ethical issues. We have identified several parties who partake in the interest, opinions and sentiments in dealing with this particular context including local community, parish and the government. The rights, administration, and jurisdiction of different parties involved is far from being explicit, and this has...


The Hull Recording in the 2014 Field Season at Gnalic. (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

In 2014 the excavation and recording of the Gnalic shipwreck hull remains, using photogammetry and integrating standard surveying techniques within a GIS environment, continued during eight weeks. This paper describes the 2014 field season at Gnalic and presents the latest developments in the hull recording.


Icelanders, Germans and Danes – Triangulating colonial encounters in Iceland during the 15th to 17th centuries (2017)

Citation DOCUMENT

During the 15th to the 17th centuries, many Germans from Hamburg and Bremen spent their summer in the many trading stations along the extensive coast lines of Iceland. Although Iceland was a part of the kingdom of Denmark, German merchants and sailors, clerics and physicians dominated economic and cultural life, granted by Danish authorities. The paper tries to untackle the different colonial aspects and explores the triangular power relations between Icelanders, Germans and Danes in the early...


Iconography of colonialism as production and reproduction in early modern Sweden (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

Images, pictures and urban poems were important tools in the production and reproduction of early modern Swedish colonialism and the Age of Great Power. Urban images of Erik Dahlberg in the volume Svecia Antiqua et Hodierna and poems of Olof Hermelin in Hecatompolis Suionum, for example, were productions of the period when Sweden was at its most powerful. We will discuss how these images reflect the archaeological record of northern towns in the coastal area of the northern Baltic Sea. We will...


The Idea of the Enlightenment and Environmental Relations in Early Modern Ostrobothnian Towns of Sweden: Macro- and Microfossil Studies of Local Plant Use (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Macro- and microfossil studies from the early modern Ostrobothnian towns provide information about both natural and cultural elements of local landscapes, including how landscapes changed in time and affected people’s lives. In this paper, I will discuss how the Ostrobothnians used their local plants. The period from the late 17th to the late 18th century was a time of significant chances in the philosophy of life and economic policy in Sweden, as well as in Europe in general. During the 18th...


Lowcountry Urban Landscapes in the Greater British Caribbean (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Archaeologists and architectural historians have long argued that Charleston’s Town Houses and urban landscapes were social stages for the Lowcountry’s gentry classes. But beyond their roles as socio-cultural theaters, cities and town played myriad economic, symbolic, and defensive roles in early modern colonial society. The challenge is understanding the intersection of these interpretive themes as realized through material cultural and the built environment.   To begin to formulate more...


Mill Communities and Social Networks in the Early-Modern Finland (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

In the 17th and 18th centuries several proto-industrial mills were established in the present day Finland, at that time under rule of Swedish kingdom. Around the mills grew up close-knit communities, consisting of mill workers and their families, which were controlled and ruled by the mill owners. This poster discusses two divergent Finnish early industrial communities, Pikisaari pitch mill community in the town of Oulu and Östermyra ironworks community in southern Ostrobothnia. We will compare...


Modernity in a Waste Bin; On Waste, Conspicuous Consumption and Agrarian Practices in the Swedish Early Modern Towns of Jönköping, Kalmar and Tornio. (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

Waste in a town may be understood both as a problem to solve, and as a valuable resource. In some Early Modern Swedish towns, waste bins and pits were common, varying in size and localization in different plots (some hidden, some in full view), but in other towns bins and pits were totally absent and waste was dispersed around the plot, with concentrations in specific locations. In some places, waste was probably removed from plots to use as fertilizer on nearby fields and gardens. These...


New Developments on the Gnalic Project. (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

This paper presents the latest results of the ongoing historical and archaeological research on Gagliana grossa, a merchantman built in Venice in 1569.  It sunk while travelling from Venice to Constantinople, in November of 1583, near the small island of Gnalic, not far away from Biograd na moru, in today’s Croatia.


Plans without Plants? – The Early Modern Status Garden in the North (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Garden culture reached the northernmost Sweden, creating new spaces by locals and newcomers from Central-Europe. The history of status gardens in the north affiliate with the spread of ironworks and trade connections. The idea of formal gardening arrived in Tornio during the late 17th century as garden drawings from Tornio and Kengisbruk ironworks imply. The garden fashion, which studied using macrofossils and maps, was visible more in structures and plans than in plants. However, gardens and...


Revisiting Ria de Aveiro A (Portugal): a new approach to early modern Atlantic shipbuilding and maritime trade (2013)

Citation DOCUMENT

In 1992 the remains of an early-modern vessel were found in the Ria de Aveiro (Portugal). This discovery led to the development of an interdisciplinary research project between 1996 and 2005 that allowed the study of the site formation processes, of  Atlantic shipbuilding, and the earthenware production in the Aveiro-Ovar region and their commercial circulation. In this paper, we present the last archaeological research about the ship and the new data concerning the maritime trade of the...


Revisiting the Highbourne Cay Shipwreck Site: Research Potential, Conservation in situ, and the future of Bahamian Material Culture (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

The Highbourne Cay Shipwreck, found in the Exumas, Bahamas, is the most intact example of a ‘Ship of Discovery’ in the world. The identity and purpose are still unknown, yet a recent, non-intrusive visit to the site recorded no obvious signs of damage to the ballast mound. Because the site has been disturbed and re-covered on two documented occasions, valuable reflexive questions can be asked decades later regarding the effectiveness of conservation in situ. Soon, the Bahamas will be lifting...


Strange Tastes and Disgusting Smells: Experiences of German Merchants and Sailors in 16th-Century Iceland (2018)

Citation DOCUMENT

Each summer during the 16th century, a substantial amount of German merchants and sailors came to Iceland in need of dried fish (stockfish), sulphur and other commodities. They encountered a country, landscape, foodstuffs, customs and people very different from their homes. The experience of risky voyages, being penned on ships with (dead and live) animals, added to the profound sensory impact that came upon them. The paper tries to come towards a synthaesia of what the Germans experienced in...


Under­standing Rural and Urban Privy Vaults: An Overview of their Utilization and Morphological Transformation Through Time. (2016)

Citation DOCUMENT

Until the advent and widespread adoption of modern plumbing, the privy vault played nearly as important a role to permanent occupation as would a sustainable water source. This paper will examine the various construction methods employed while investigating the rationale behind changes in morphology. Special focus will be given to privies within the urban setting of turn of the century East St. Louis, Illinois and comparisons will be made between privy vaults found in various St. Louis, Missouri...


Whole Molding Construction in Baía de Todos os Santos, Brazil (2015)

Citation DOCUMENT

The survival of late medieval Mediterranean techniques to conceive and build ships and boats in Brazil was noted by John Patrick Sarsfield in the 1980s, but his study of the Valença shipwrights was interrupted by his tragic death in 1990.  This paper is a contribution to the understanding of these shipbuilding techniques, which are still widely used in the region, from Valença to the Baía de Todos os Santos area.

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America