Hell Gap at 60: Myth? Reality? What Has It Taught Us?
This collection contains the abstracts of the papers presented in the session entitled "Hell Gap at 60: Myth? Reality? What Has It Taught Us?," at the 84th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology.
Sixty years ago when the Hell Gap site was first excavated the state of Paleoindian prehistory was far different than today. A few years later when Henry Irwin wrote his dissertation on the site and placed it in Paleoindian context, some 40 sites formed our core understanding of the period. Hell Gap made a permanent impact on Paleoindian studies in two ways. First, it provided the longest sequence of chronologically diagnostic Paleoindian age artifacts. Second, it represented a series of camps, unlike kill sites that accounted for most sites published to that time.
Over the past 20 years, several investigations have occurred at Hell Gap that contribute to our knowledge of Paleoindian lifeways. First, radiocarbon, OSL, and microbial sampling bear on the age of deposits and sedimentation. Second, data for site formation studies gathered around the perimeter of the witness block left intact since the 1960s - a critical area of the most developed stratigraphy at the site - is under study. Third, a slew of new specialized studies such as isotopes, blood residue, microbes and others have been conducted. And fourth, several new artifacts and features have been encountered that promise to have a significant impact on our understanding of Paleoindian lifeways.
Paleoindian and Paleoamerican • Other • Hunter-Gatherers/Foragers • Lithic Analysis • Chronology • Dating Techniques • Technology • Zooarchaeology • Paleoecology • Experimental Archaeology
North America: Great Plains • North America • United States of America (Country) • United Mexican States (Country) • Department of Martinique (Country) • Republic of El Salvador (Country) • Department of Guadeloupe (Country) • Cayman Islands (Country) • Antigua and Barbuda (Country) • Turks and Caicos Islands (Country)
Resources Inside This Collection (Viewing 1-10 of 10)
- Documents (10)
- Can Soil Microbial Community Composition Distinguish Indoor and Outdoor Spaces? (2019)
- Chemical Analyses at Hell Gap: Preliminary Results from Blood Residue and Stable Isotopes (2019)
- Folsom and Goshen Technological Organization at Locality I of the Hell Gap Site (2019)
- Genetic Analysis of Microbial Community Structure in Soils from the Hell Gap Witness Block (2019)
- Hell Gap in 3D: Visualizing the Past on the Great Plains (2019)
- Hell Gap in a New Light: Luminescence Results from the Witness Block (2019)
- Hell Gap Versus High Plains: A Comparison of Site-Specific and Regional Paleoindian Chronologies (2019)
- A Possible New Paleoindian Area of the Hell Gap Site: The 2018 Shovel Test at Locality IV (2019)
- Small Mammals from the Hell Gap Site, Wyoming and their Paleoecological Significance (2019)
- Structure and Formation of a Paleoindian Deposit: The Hell Gap Site, Wyoming (2019)