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Avon Park Cold War Data

Year: 2013

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Summary

Located 75 miles from MacDill Air Force Base and about six miles east-northeast of Avon Park, Florida, Avon Park Air Force Range originated as a bombing and gunnery range in December 1941. Neighboring the range was an installation known as Avon Park Army Air Field and Avon Park Army Air Base. In 1946, Avon Park Army Air Field was largely unoccupied, kept on stand-by status as a satellite of MacDill. By 1947, most of its buildings and structures had been disposed. The Continental Air Forces had become the host command at MacDill in April 1945, followed by Strategic Air Command (SAC) in spring 1946. SAC is not known to have conducted major missions at Avon Park during the late 1940s and early 1950s, although did put procedures in place during 1947 for limited use of the Avon Park Bombing Range. In the late 1940s, only three (of an original seven) practice bombing ranges remained functional, along with the central emergency bomb release area and a dive bombing site in a small lake. With the outbreak of the Korean War, Air Proving Ground Command at Eglin Air Force Base in the Florida panhandle began using the Avon Park Bombing and Gunnery Range for chemical warfare tests. Air Proving Ground Command conducted tests of growth inhibitors and defoliants in 1950 and 1951. These tests were known as the Avon Park Trials and as the Avon Park Project. Also in 1951, the United States Bureau of Prisons opened a minimum security prison at Avon Park. By this date, about 50 World War II buildings were still on base. Prisoners dismantled the majority of these buildings for use as salvage materials. After the Korean War, activities at Avon Park continued to focus on agent testing. In 1956, the Second Air Force began using the range for pilot, bombing, and gunnery training. SAC also established an advanced water survival school on the range in 1958. MacDill continued to have responsibility for the Avon Park range until 1961, when the range became a satellite of McCoy AFB. Avon Park returned to MacDill the next year, 1962, with Tactical Air Command assuming the base host role. For the remainder of the Cold War, TAC used the Avon Park Range for training activities. In the early 1970s, toward the end of the Vietnam War, TAC set up electronic warfare training on Avon Park. During the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, TAC trained pilots and weapons systems personnel at Avon Park, configuring the range lands with renewable targets over the years.


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Cite this Record

Avon Park Cold War Data. Avon Park, Florida: Avon Park Air Force Range. 2013 ( tDAR id: 391207) ; doi:10.6067/XCV8XS5W92


Restricted Access Some or all of this resource's attached file(s) are not publicly accessible.

Data Set Structure

Measurement Column
Count Column
Coded Column
Filename Column
Integration Column (has Ontology)

Table Information: Avon Park Data

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
instln_id TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
installation TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
key_words TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
buildings_structures_notes TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
integrity_summary TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
register_notes TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
op_source TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
opinion_date TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
nrhp_status TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
site_use TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
orig_building_use TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
const_type TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
inception_date TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
prior_cat TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
category_summary TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
orig_bldg_name TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
orig_dwg_number TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
architect TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
street TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
street_num TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
facil_num TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none

Table Information: Cell Definations

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Comment TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Description TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Cell Name TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none

Table Information: Cold War Summary

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
Field20 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field19 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field18 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field17 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field16 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field15 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field14 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field13 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field12 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field11 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field10 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field9 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field8 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field7 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field6 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field5 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field2 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field4 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field3 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Field1 TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
Base Name TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
ID BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none

Table Information: photos

Column Name Data Type Type Category Coding Sheet Ontology
description TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
photo BLOB  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
fk_facility TEXT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none
photo_id BIGINT  Uncoded Value uncategorized none none

Data Table Relationships:

Type Local Table Foreign Table Column Relationships
ONE_TO_MANY Avon Park Data photos facil_num fk_facility

Keywords


Temporal Coverage

Calendar Date: 1942 to 1990


Spatial Coverage

min long: -81.638; min lat: 26.956 ; max long: -80.693; max lat: 27.81 ;

Individual & Institutional Roles

Contact(s): Kathy Couturier

Contributor(s): Karen Weitze

Principal Investigator(s): Scott Murdock

Landowner(s): United States Air Force

Sponsor(s): Avon Park Air Force Range ; United States Air Force Air Combat Command

Repository(s): Avon Park Air Force Range

Prepared By(s): Avon Park Air Force Range


File Information

  Name Size Creation Date Date Uploaded Access
ap0025-avon_park_cold-war_data_rev.mdb 55.17mb Jun 10, 2013 4:33:37 PM Confidential
Translated version ap0025-avon_park_cold-war_data_rev_translated.xls (126.00kb)
Data column(s) in this dataset have been associated with coding sheet(s) and translated:

Accessing Restricted Files

At least one of the files for this resource is restricted from public view. For more information regarding access to these files, please reference the contact information below

Contact(s): Kathy Couturier

Arizona State University The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities Society for American Archaeology Archaeological Institute of America